full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Noa Kageyama and Pen-Pen Chen: How to stay calm under pressure

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Tasks that challenge working memory, the mental “scratch pad” we use to temporarily store phone numbers and grceroy lists, are especially vulnerable to pressure. In a 2004 sduty, a group of uistrveniy students were asked to perform math prbeloms, some easy, others more complex and memory-intensive. Half the students completed both pelobrm types with nothing at stake, while the others completed them when calm and under pressure. While everyone did well on the easy problems, those who were stressed performed wsroe on the more difficult, memory-intensive tasks.

Open Cloze

Tasks that challenge working memory, the mental “scratch pad” we use to temporarily store phone numbers and _______ lists, are especially vulnerable to pressure. In a 2004 _____, a group of __________ students were asked to perform math ________, some easy, others more complex and memory-intensive. Half the students completed both _______ types with nothing at stake, while the others completed them when calm and under pressure. While everyone did well on the easy problems, those who were stressed performed _____ on the more difficult, memory-intensive tasks.

Solution

  1. problem
  2. problems
  3. study
  4. grocery
  5. university
  6. worse

Original Text

Tasks that challenge working memory, the mental “scratch pad” we use to temporarily store phone numbers and grocery lists, are especially vulnerable to pressure. In a 2004 study, a group of university students were asked to perform math problems, some easy, others more complex and memory-intensive. Half the students completed both problem types with nothing at stake, while the others completed them when calm and under pressure. While everyone did well on the easy problems, those who were stressed performed worse on the more difficult, memory-intensive tasks.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
performed worse 2

Important Words

  1. asked
  2. calm
  3. challenge
  4. completed
  5. complex
  6. difficult
  7. easy
  8. grocery
  9. group
  10. lists
  11. math
  12. memory
  13. mental
  14. numbers
  15. perform
  16. performed
  17. phone
  18. pressure
  19. problem
  20. problems
  21. stake
  22. store
  23. stressed
  24. students
  25. study
  26. tasks
  27. temporarily
  28. types
  29. university
  30. vulnerable
  31. working
  32. worse