full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Suzanne Simard: How trees talk to each other

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So I went back to school, and I studied my other wrlod. You see, scientists had just discovered in the laboratory in vitro that one pine seedling root could transmit carbon to another pine seedling root. But this was in the laboratory, and I wondered, could this happen in real forests? I thought yes. Trees in real forests might also share information below ground. But this was really controversial, and some people tuhghot I was crazy, and I had a really hard time getting research funding. But I persevered, and I eventually cnudcoted some exentimerps deep in the forest, 25 yreas ago. I grew 80 replicates of three species: paper brcih, daugols fir, and western red cedar. I figured the birch and the fir would be connected in a belowground web, but not the cedar. It was in its own other world. And I gertehad my apparatus, and I had no moeny, so I had to do it on the cheap. So I went to Canadian Tire --

Open Cloze

So I went back to school, and I studied my other _____. You see, scientists had just discovered in the laboratory in vitro that one pine seedling root could transmit carbon to another pine seedling root. But this was in the laboratory, and I wondered, could this happen in real forests? I thought yes. Trees in real forests might also share information below ground. But this was really controversial, and some people _______ I was crazy, and I had a really hard time getting research funding. But I persevered, and I eventually _________ some ___________ deep in the forest, 25 _____ ago. I grew 80 replicates of three species: paper _____, _______ fir, and western red cedar. I figured the birch and the fir would be connected in a belowground web, but not the cedar. It was in its own other world. And I ________ my apparatus, and I had no _____, so I had to do it on the cheap. So I went to Canadian Tire --

Solution

  1. thought
  2. experiments
  3. douglas
  4. world
  5. birch
  6. years
  7. money
  8. gathered
  9. conducted

Original Text

So I went back to school, and I studied my other world. You see, scientists had just discovered in the laboratory in vitro that one pine seedling root could transmit carbon to another pine seedling root. But this was in the laboratory, and I wondered, could this happen in real forests? I thought yes. Trees in real forests might also share information below ground. But this was really controversial, and some people thought I was crazy, and I had a really hard time getting research funding. But I persevered, and I eventually conducted some experiments deep in the forest, 25 years ago. I grew 80 replicates of three species: paper birch, Douglas fir, and western red cedar. I figured the birch and the fir would be connected in a belowground web, but not the cedar. It was in its own other world. And I gathered my apparatus, and I had no money, so I had to do it on the cheap. So I went to Canadian Tire --

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
mother trees 7
carbon dioxide 4
mama grizzly 4
douglas fir 4
hub trees 4
dioxide gas 3
geiger counter 3
complex systems 3
mycorrhizal networks 3
connect trees 2
poor dog 2
pine seedling 2
seedling root 2
plastic bags 2
stable isotope 2
paper birch 2
defense signals 2
mother tree 2
mycorrhizal network 2
future stresses 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
carbon dioxide gas 3
pine seedling root 2

Important Words

  1. apparatus
  2. belowground
  3. birch
  4. canadian
  5. carbon
  6. cedar
  7. cheap
  8. conducted
  9. connected
  10. controversial
  11. crazy
  12. deep
  13. discovered
  14. douglas
  15. eventually
  16. experiments
  17. figured
  18. fir
  19. forest
  20. forests
  21. funding
  22. gathered
  23. grew
  24. ground
  25. happen
  26. hard
  27. information
  28. laboratory
  29. money
  30. paper
  31. people
  32. persevered
  33. pine
  34. real
  35. red
  36. replicates
  37. research
  38. root
  39. school
  40. scientists
  41. seedling
  42. share
  43. studied
  44. thought
  45. time
  46. tire
  47. transmit
  48. trees
  49. vitro
  50. web
  51. western
  52. wondered
  53. world
  54. years