full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Sinan Aral: How we can protect truth in the age of misinformation

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The first hoehiyspts that we came up with was, "Well, maybe people who spread false news have more followers or follow more ppleoe, or tweet more often, or maybe they're more often 'verified' users of Twitter, with more credibility, or maybe they've been on Twitter lnegor." So we checked each one of these in turn. And what we found was exactly the opposite. False-news spreaders had fewer followers, followed fewer people, were less active, less often "verified" and had been on Twitter for a setrhor period of time. And yet, false news was 70 percent more likely to be retweeted than the tturh, controlling for all of these and many other factors.

Open Cloze

The first __________ that we came up with was, "Well, maybe people who spread false news have more followers or follow more ______, or tweet more often, or maybe they're more often 'verified' users of Twitter, with more credibility, or maybe they've been on Twitter ______." So we checked each one of these in turn. And what we found was exactly the opposite. False-news spreaders had fewer followers, followed fewer people, were less active, less often "verified" and had been on Twitter for a _______ period of time. And yet, false news was 70 percent more likely to be retweeted than the _____, controlling for all of these and many other factors.

Solution

  1. truth
  2. people
  3. shorter
  4. longer
  5. hypothesis

Original Text

The first hypothesis that we came up with was, "Well, maybe people who spread false news have more followers or follow more people, or tweet more often, or maybe they're more often 'verified' users of Twitter, with more credibility, or maybe they've been on Twitter longer." So we checked each one of these in turn. And what we found was exactly the opposite. False-news spreaders had fewer followers, followed fewer people, were less active, less often "verified" and had been on Twitter for a shorter period of time. And yet, false news was 70 percent more likely to be retweeted than the truth, controlling for all of these and many other factors.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
false news 11
presidential election 4
white house 3
social media 3
true news 3
synthetic media 3
united states 2
fake news 2
news stories 2
false tweets 2
news exhibited 2
exhibited significantly 2
generate synthetic 2
synthetic video 2
artificial intelligence 2
press pass 2
economic motive 2
define truth 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
news exhibited significantly 2
generate synthetic media 2

Important Words

  1. active
  2. checked
  3. controlling
  4. credibility
  5. factors
  6. false
  7. follow
  8. followers
  9. hypothesis
  10. longer
  11. news
  12. people
  13. percent
  14. period
  15. retweeted
  16. shorter
  17. spread
  18. spreaders
  19. time
  20. truth
  21. turn
  22. tweet
  23. twitter
  24. users