full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by James Beacham: How we explore unanswered questions in physics"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, higher energy is imartonpt because for particles, there is an equivalence between energy and particle mass, and mass is just a number put there by nrtuae. To discover new particles, we need to reach these bigger numbers. And to do that, we have to build a bigger, hgiehr energy collider, and the biggest, highest energy cloldier in the world is the Large Hadron Collider. And then, we cldiloe protons quadrillions of tmies, and we collect this data very slwloy, over months and months. And then new praeltcis might show up in our data as bumps â shlgit deviations from what you expect, little clusters of data points that make a smooth line not so smooth. For example, this bump, after months of data-taking in 2012, led to the discovery of the Higgs particle â the Higgs boson â and to a Nobel Prize for the confirmation of its existence.

#### Open Cloze

Now, higher energy is _________ because for particles, there is an equivalence between energy and particle mass, and mass is just a number put there by ______. To discover new particles, we need to reach these bigger numbers. And to do that, we have to build a bigger, ______ energy collider, and the biggest, highest energy ________ in the world is the Large Hadron Collider. And then, we _______ protons quadrillions of _____, and we collect this data very ______, over months and months. And then new _________ might show up in our data as bumps â ______ deviations from what you expect, little clusters of data points that make a smooth line not so smooth. For example, this bump, after months of data-taking in 2012, led to the discovery of the Higgs particle â the Higgs boson â and to a Nobel Prize for the confirmation of its existence.

1. times
2. collide
3. higher
4. collider
5. important
6. slowly
7. slight
8. nature
9. particles

#### Original Text

Now, higher energy is important because for particles, there is an equivalence between energy and particle mass, and mass is just a number put there by nature. To discover new particles, we need to reach these bigger numbers. And to do that, we have to build a bigger, higher energy collider, and the biggest, highest energy collider in the world is the Large Hadron Collider. And then, we collide protons quadrillions of times, and we collect this data very slowly, over months and months. And then new particles might show up in our data as bumps â slight deviations from what you expect, little clusters of data points that make a smooth line not so smooth. For example, this bump, after months of data-taking in 2012, led to the discovery of the Higgs particle â the Higgs boson â and to a Nobel Prize for the confirmation of its existence.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
kilometer tunnel 4
extra spatial 4
quantum world 3
highest energy 3
smooth line 3
higgs boson 3
theorist colleagues 3
standard model 3
big obvious 3

#### Important Words

1. bigger
2. biggest
3. boson
4. build
5. bump
6. bumps
7. clusters
8. collect
9. collide
10. collider
11. confirmation
12. data
13. deviations
14. discover
15. discovery
16. energy
17. equivalence
18. existence
19. expect
21. higgs
22. higher
23. highest
24. important
25. large
26. led
27. line
28. mass
29. months
30. nature
31. nobel
32. number
33. numbers
34. particle
35. particles
36. points
37. prize
38. protons
39. put