full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Dimitar Sasselov: How we found hundreds of potential Earth-like planets

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So this is one example that I want to show you here. When we think of what is necessary for the phenomenon that we call life, we think of compartmentalization, keeping the molecules which are iroatmpnt for life in a membrane, isolated from the rest of the environment, but yet, in an environment in which they actually could originate together. And in one of our labs, Jack Szostak's labs, it was a series of experiments in the last four yreas that showed that the environments — which are very common on planets, on certain types of pelatns like the ertah, where you have some liquid wtear and some clays — you actually end up with naturally available molecules which spontaneously form bubbles. But those bulbebs have membranes very similar to the maenrmbe of every cell of every living thing on Earth looks like, like this. And they really help molecules, like nucleic acids, like RNA and DNA, stay inside, develop, change, diidve and do some of the processes that we call life.

Open Cloze

So this is one example that I want to show you here. When we think of what is necessary for the phenomenon that we call life, we think of compartmentalization, keeping the molecules which are _________ for life in a membrane, isolated from the rest of the environment, but yet, in an environment in which they actually could originate together. And in one of our labs, Jack Szostak's labs, it was a series of experiments in the last four _____ that showed that the environments — which are very common on planets, on certain types of _______ like the _____, where you have some liquid _____ and some clays — you actually end up with naturally available molecules which spontaneously form bubbles. But those _______ have membranes very similar to the ________ of every cell of every living thing on Earth looks like, like this. And they really help molecules, like nucleic acids, like RNA and DNA, stay inside, develop, change, ______ and do some of the processes that we call life.

Solution

  1. divide
  2. years
  3. membrane
  4. earth
  5. planets
  6. water
  7. bubbles
  8. important

Original Text

So this is one example that I want to show you here. When we think of what is necessary for the phenomenon that we call life, we think of compartmentalization, keeping the molecules which are important for life in a membrane, isolated from the rest of the environment, but yet, in an environment in which they actually could originate together. And in one of our labs, Jack Szostak's labs, it was a series of experiments in the last four years that showed that the environments — which are very common on planets, on certain types of planets like the Earth, where you have some liquid water and some clays — you actually end up with naturally available molecules which spontaneously form bubbles. But those bubbles have membranes very similar to the membrane of every cell of every living thing on Earth looks like, like this. And they really help molecules, like nucleic acids, like RNA and DNA, stay inside, develop, change, divide and do some of the processes that we call life.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
solar system 4
good news 3
small planets 3
copernican revolution 2
basic questions 2
complex chemistry 2
statistical result 2
chemical phenomenon 2
small atom 2

Important Words

  1. acids
  2. bubbles
  3. call
  4. cell
  5. change
  6. clays
  7. common
  8. compartmentalization
  9. develop
  10. divide
  11. dna
  12. earth
  13. environment
  14. environments
  15. experiments
  16. form
  17. important
  18. isolated
  19. jack
  20. keeping
  21. labs
  22. life
  23. liquid
  24. living
  25. membrane
  26. membranes
  27. molecules
  28. naturally
  29. nucleic
  30. originate
  31. phenomenon
  32. planets
  33. processes
  34. rest
  35. rna
  36. series
  37. show
  38. showed
  39. similar
  40. spontaneously
  41. stay
  42. types
  43. water
  44. years