full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Bill Gates: How we must respond to the coronavirus pandemic

Unscramble the Blue Letters

BG: It's very tugoh to say to people, "Hey, keep going to restaurants," you know, "Go buy new houses, ignore that pile of bodies over in the corner, just, you know, we want you to keep sdnenipg," because there's some, maybe a politician who thinks GDP gwroth is what really counts. It's very hard to tell people, when there's an epidemic spreading that threatens, particularly, their parents or edrelly people that they know, that they should go about things knowing that their activity is spreading this disease. I don't know of any rich countries that have chosen to use that approach. It is true, if you did that approach, over a period of several years, enough people would be infected you'd have what's called herd immunity. But herd immunity is meaningless until you infect over half the ppoloiautn. And so you can take — You'll ooaelvrd your maedicl system, so your case fatality rate, instead of being one percent, will be like three, four percent. And so, the idea, it's very irresponsible for somebody to suggest we can have the best of both worlds. What we need is the extreme shduwotn so that in six to ten wkees, if things go well, then you can start opening back up.

Open Cloze

BG: It's very _____ to say to people, "Hey, keep going to restaurants," you know, "Go buy new houses, ignore that pile of bodies over in the corner, just, you know, we want you to keep ________," because there's some, maybe a politician who thinks GDP ______ is what really counts. It's very hard to tell people, when there's an epidemic spreading that threatens, particularly, their parents or _______ people that they know, that they should go about things knowing that their activity is spreading this disease. I don't know of any rich countries that have chosen to use that approach. It is true, if you did that approach, over a period of several years, enough people would be infected you'd have what's called herd immunity. But herd immunity is meaningless until you infect over half the __________. And so you can take — You'll ________ your _______ system, so your case fatality rate, instead of being one percent, will be like three, four percent. And so, the idea, it's very irresponsible for somebody to suggest we can have the best of both worlds. What we need is the extreme ________ so that in six to ten _____, if things go well, then you can start opening back up.

Solution

  1. shutdown
  2. spending
  3. growth
  4. medical
  5. elderly
  6. tough
  7. weeks
  8. population
  9. overload

Original Text

BG: It's very tough to say to people, "Hey, keep going to restaurants," you know, "Go buy new houses, ignore that pile of bodies over in the corner, just, you know, we want you to keep spending," because there's some, maybe a politician who thinks GDP growth is what really counts. It's very hard to tell people, when there's an epidemic spreading that threatens, particularly, their parents or elderly people that they know, that they should go about things knowing that their activity is spreading this disease. I don't know of any rich countries that have chosen to use that approach. It is true, if you did that approach, over a period of several years, enough people would be infected you'd have what's called herd immunity. But herd immunity is meaningless until you infect over half the population. And so you can take — You'll overload your medical system, so your case fatality rate, instead of being one percent, will be like three, four percent. And so, the idea, it's very irresponsible for somebody to suggest we can have the best of both worlds. What we need is the extreme shutdown so that in six to ten weeks, if things go well, then you can start opening back up.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
good news 5
rich countries 5
south korea 4
developing countries 4
health systems 3
respiratory virus 3
respiratory viruses 3
health workers 3
health care 3
southern hemisphere 3
whitney pennington 2
bill gates 2
people move 2
case fatality 2
fatality rate 2
medical system 2
infection rates 2
united states 2
care worker 2
bringing people 2
isolation piece 2
isolation strategy 2
herd immunity 2
clear message 2
flu study 2
private sector 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
health care worker 2

Important Words

  1. activity
  2. approach
  3. bodies
  4. buy
  5. called
  6. case
  7. chosen
  8. corner
  9. countries
  10. counts
  11. disease
  12. elderly
  13. epidemic
  14. extreme
  15. fatality
  16. gdp
  17. growth
  18. hard
  19. herd
  20. houses
  21. idea
  22. ignore
  23. immunity
  24. infect
  25. infected
  26. irresponsible
  27. knowing
  28. meaningless
  29. medical
  30. opening
  31. overload
  32. parents
  33. people
  34. percent
  35. period
  36. pile
  37. politician
  38. population
  39. rate
  40. restaurants
  41. rich
  42. shutdown
  43. spending
  44. spreading
  45. start
  46. suggest
  47. system
  48. ten
  49. thinks
  50. threatens
  51. tough
  52. true
  53. weeks
  54. worlds
  55. years