full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Jeremy Jackson: How we wrecked the ocean

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The other kinds of effects of ctaimle change — this is coral bleaching. It's a beautiful pitrcue, right? All that whtie coral. Except it's supposed to be brown. What happens is that the corals are a smbsyiios, and they have these little agall cells that live inside them. And the algae give the corals sugar, and the corals give the algae nutrients and ptooircten. But when it gets too hot, the algae can't make the sugar. The crolas say, "You cheated. You didn't pay your rent." They kick them out, and then they die. Not all of them die; some of them survive, some more are surviving, but it's really bad news. To try and give you a sense of this, imagine you go camping in July somewhere in Europe or in North America, and you wake up the next morning, and you look around you, and you see that 80 pnceert of the trees, as far as you can see, have dropped their lavees and are standing there naked. And you come home, and you descivor that 80 percent of all the trees in notrh America and in epuroe have deroppd their leaves. And then you read in the paper a few weeks later, "Oh, by the way, a quarter of those died." Well, that's what happened in the Indian Ocean during the 1998 El Nino, an area vastly greater than the size of North America and Europe, when 80 percent of all the corals bleached and a quarter of them died.

Open Cloze

The other kinds of effects of _______ change — this is coral bleaching. It's a beautiful _______, right? All that _____ coral. Except it's supposed to be brown. What happens is that the corals are a _________, and they have these little _____ cells that live inside them. And the algae give the corals sugar, and the corals give the algae nutrients and __________. But when it gets too hot, the algae can't make the sugar. The ______ say, "You cheated. You didn't pay your rent." They kick them out, and then they die. Not all of them die; some of them survive, some more are surviving, but it's really bad news. To try and give you a sense of this, imagine you go camping in July somewhere in Europe or in North America, and you wake up the next morning, and you look around you, and you see that 80 _______ of the trees, as far as you can see, have dropped their ______ and are standing there naked. And you come home, and you ________ that 80 percent of all the trees in _____ America and in ______ have _______ their leaves. And then you read in the paper a few weeks later, "Oh, by the way, a quarter of those died." Well, that's what happened in the Indian Ocean during the 1998 El Nino, an area vastly greater than the size of North America and Europe, when 80 percent of all the corals bleached and a quarter of them died.

Solution

  1. protection
  2. corals
  3. white
  4. dropped
  5. north
  6. climate
  7. symbiosis
  8. leaves
  9. europe
  10. algal
  11. discover
  12. picture
  13. percent

Original Text

The other kinds of effects of climate change — this is coral bleaching. It's a beautiful picture, right? All that white coral. Except it's supposed to be brown. What happens is that the corals are a symbiosis, and they have these little algal cells that live inside them. And the algae give the corals sugar, and the corals give the algae nutrients and protection. But when it gets too hot, the algae can't make the sugar. The corals say, "You cheated. You didn't pay your rent." They kick them out, and then they die. Not all of them die; some of them survive, some more are surviving, but it's really bad news. To try and give you a sense of this, imagine you go camping in July somewhere in Europe or in North America, and you wake up the next morning, and you look around you, and you see that 80 percent of the trees, as far as you can see, have dropped their leaves and are standing there naked. And you come home, and you discover that 80 percent of all the trees in North America and in Europe have dropped their leaves. And then you read in the paper a few weeks later, "Oh, by the way, a quarter of those died." Well, that's what happened in the Indian Ocean during the 1998 El Nino, an area vastly greater than the size of North America and Europe, when 80 percent of all the corals bleached and a quarter of them died.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
coral reefs 6
climate change 6
trophy fish 3
coral reef 2
biological pollution 2
northwestern mediterranean 2
entire northwestern 2
jellyfish fishery 2
northwest passage 2
north america 2
vastly greater 2

Important Words

  1. algae
  2. algal
  3. america
  4. area
  5. bad
  6. beautiful
  7. bleached
  8. bleaching
  9. brown
  10. camping
  11. cells
  12. change
  13. cheated
  14. climate
  15. coral
  16. corals
  17. die
  18. died
  19. discover
  20. dropped
  21. effects
  22. el
  23. europe
  24. give
  25. greater
  26. happened
  27. home
  28. hot
  29. imagine
  30. indian
  31. july
  32. kick
  33. kinds
  34. leaves
  35. live
  36. morning
  37. naked
  38. news
  39. nino
  40. north
  41. nutrients
  42. ocean
  43. paper
  44. pay
  45. percent
  46. picture
  47. protection
  48. quarter
  49. read
  50. rent
  51. sense
  52. size
  53. standing
  54. sugar
  55. supposed
  56. survive
  57. surviving
  58. symbiosis
  59. trees
  60. vastly
  61. wake
  62. weeks
  63. white