full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Greg Gage: How you can make a fruit fly eat veggies

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now here's the fun part. Optogenetics means that we can control these seicapl noeunrs whenever they're exposed to a bright-colored light, causing them to send messages to the brain. In this experiment, we're going to have these modified furit flies choose between banana and broccoli again, only this time, every time the fruit fly eats the broccoli, we're going to trigger a big bright red lihgt. And when the channels see that red light, they're going to open up, and they're going to cause that noerun to fire, and the sewet taste message will be sent to the brain.

Open Cloze

Now here's the fun part. Optogenetics means that we can control these _______ _______ whenever they're exposed to a bright-colored light, causing them to send messages to the brain. In this experiment, we're going to have these modified _____ flies choose between banana and broccoli again, only this time, every time the fruit fly eats the broccoli, we're going to trigger a big bright red _____. And when the channels see that red light, they're going to open up, and they're going to cause that ______ to fire, and the _____ taste message will be sent to the brain.

Solution

  1. light
  2. neuron
  3. fruit
  4. sweet
  5. special
  6. neurons

Original Text

Now here's the fun part. Optogenetics means that we can control these special neurons whenever they're exposed to a bright-colored light, causing them to send messages to the brain. In this experiment, we're going to have these modified fruit flies choose between banana and broccoli again, only this time, every time the fruit fly eats the broccoli, we're going to trigger a big bright red light. And when the channels see that red light, they're going to open up, and they're going to cause that neuron to fire, and the sweet taste message will be sent to the brain.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
fruit flies 6
fruit fly 5
fly eats 4
sweet taste 3
taste buds 2
taste receptors 2
taste neurons 2
special gene 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
fruit fly eats 4

Important Words

  1. banana
  2. big
  3. brain
  4. bright
  5. broccoli
  6. causing
  7. channels
  8. choose
  9. control
  10. eats
  11. experiment
  12. exposed
  13. fire
  14. flies
  15. fly
  16. fruit
  17. fun
  18. light
  19. means
  20. message
  21. messages
  22. modified
  23. neuron
  24. neurons
  25. open
  26. optogenetics
  27. part
  28. red
  29. send
  30. special
  31. sweet
  32. taste
  33. time
  34. trigger