full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Greg Gage: How you can make a fruit fly eat veggies

Unscramble the Blue Letters

GG: So we saw that we were able to rescue broccoli and make it just as appealing as banana to our fruit flies. And we're able to replicate these same results in all of our emnrepixets. So the question is: Can we do the same thing in humans? Well, that depends on a number of items. First, do optogenetic tools even work in humans? And that looks like the awsner is yes, and in fact, clinical trials are already being planned that will treat chronic pain and blindness using optogenetics. And the next qetsuoin is, can we easily tgerigr a light source so that every time we eat vgteebales, it will go off? For that, I'm afraid at least at this time, the answer is still no. But today, we got to witness just a taste of optogenetics and its amazing ptteioanl.

Open Cloze

GG: So we saw that we were able to rescue broccoli and make it just as appealing as banana to our fruit flies. And we're able to replicate these same results in all of our ___________. So the question is: Can we do the same thing in humans? Well, that depends on a number of items. First, do optogenetic tools even work in humans? And that looks like the ______ is yes, and in fact, clinical trials are already being planned that will treat chronic pain and blindness using optogenetics. And the next ________ is, can we easily _______ a light source so that every time we eat __________, it will go off? For that, I'm afraid at least at this time, the answer is still no. But today, we got to witness just a taste of optogenetics and its amazing _________.

Solution

  1. potential
  2. vegetables
  3. question
  4. answer
  5. trigger
  6. experiments

Original Text

GG: So we saw that we were able to rescue broccoli and make it just as appealing as banana to our fruit flies. And we're able to replicate these same results in all of our experiments. So the question is: Can we do the same thing in humans? Well, that depends on a number of items. First, do optogenetic tools even work in humans? And that looks like the answer is yes, and in fact, clinical trials are already being planned that will treat chronic pain and blindness using optogenetics. And the next question is, can we easily trigger a light source so that every time we eat vegetables, it will go off? For that, I'm afraid at least at this time, the answer is still no. But today, we got to witness just a taste of optogenetics and its amazing potential.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
fruit flies 6
fruit fly 5
fly eats 4
sweet taste 3
taste buds 2
taste receptors 2
taste neurons 2
special gene 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
fruit fly eats 4

Important Words

  1. afraid
  2. amazing
  3. answer
  4. appealing
  5. banana
  6. blindness
  7. broccoli
  8. chronic
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  10. depends
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  12. eat
  13. experiments
  14. fact
  15. flies
  16. fruit
  17. humans
  18. items
  19. light
  20. number
  21. optogenetic
  22. optogenetics
  23. pain
  24. planned
  25. potential
  26. question
  27. replicate
  28. rescue
  29. results
  30. source
  31. taste
  32. time
  33. today
  34. tools
  35. treat
  36. trials
  37. trigger
  38. vegetables
  39. witness
  40. work