full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Christopher Warner: In on a secret? That's dramatic irony

Unscramble the Blue Letters

What do hoorrr movies and comedies have in common? The two genres might seem totally different, but the raoesn they're both so popular is perhaps because what they have in common: their use of dramatic irony. First, let's cirlafy. There are three types of irony out there. Situational irony is when you expect one thing, but get the opposite. vabrel irony is when someone says something, but truly means the opposite. ditaarmc inory, though, is what we will be looking at right now. Dramatic irony is when the audience seems to know more about an event, a situation, or a conversation than the catecarhrs in the mivoe, on the show, or in the book do. The audience is in on a secret that the characters have missed. This is a great story-telling device that creates tunmroedes emotion within that text. Think about it for a moment. How does it feel when, in a horror film, you know that the scary villain is hiding behind that door in the darkened room. The music becomes eerie, the lighting creates complete shadows, this has to be bad for the hero! Of course, though, that hero must enter the room to find the villian. You feel tremendous tension and the suspense of knowing that someone will jump out and be scary, but you just don't know when. That tension is dramatic irony: you know something more than the characters in the film. Now, take the tycpail cdmoey. There will probably be some type of "misunderstanding". Again, we know more of what is going on than the characters do. prctuie two characters making a plan for a birthday surprise for their roommate while that roommate overhears the entire conversation from the hallway. From there, confusion and misunderstanding occur, and the tension biulds. This isn't the same tension as the horror film since it is probably pretty funny as the character tries to figure out the whos and the whats, but it serves as a gerat example of the tension and sssnpeue of dramatic irony. This tension or suspense in both genres drives the story and keeps the plot progressing. The audience wants, no, needs, to see the tension of the dramatic irony broken either by the scary posern jumping out of the shadows or by someone finally revealing someone's true iientdty and clearing up the confusion. So, when you feel like you are in on a secret, that is dramatic irony, a hallmark of all the great writers, from Shakespeare to Hitchcock.

Open Cloze

What do ______ movies and comedies have in common? The two genres might seem totally different, but the ______ they're both so popular is perhaps because what they have in common: their use of dramatic irony. First, let's _______. There are three types of irony out there. Situational irony is when you expect one thing, but get the opposite. ______ irony is when someone says something, but truly means the opposite. ________ _____, though, is what we will be looking at right now. Dramatic irony is when the audience seems to know more about an event, a situation, or a conversation than the __________ in the _____, on the show, or in the book do. The audience is in on a secret that the characters have missed. This is a great story-telling device that creates __________ emotion within that text. Think about it for a moment. How does it feel when, in a horror film, you know that the scary villain is hiding behind that door in the darkened room. The music becomes eerie, the lighting creates complete shadows, this has to be bad for the hero! Of course, though, that hero must enter the room to find the _______. You feel tremendous tension and the suspense of knowing that someone will jump out and be scary, but you just don't know when. That tension is dramatic irony: you know something more than the characters in the film. Now, take the _______ ______. There will probably be some type of "misunderstanding". Again, we know more of what is going on than the characters do. _______ two characters making a plan for a birthday surprise for their roommate while that roommate overhears the entire conversation from the hallway. From there, confusion and misunderstanding occur, and the tension ______. This isn't the same tension as the horror film since it is probably pretty funny as the character tries to figure out the whos and the whats, but it serves as a _____ example of the tension and ________ of dramatic irony. This tension or suspense in both genres drives the story and keeps the plot progressing. The audience wants, no, needs, to see the tension of the dramatic irony broken either by the scary ______ jumping out of the shadows or by someone finally revealing someone's true ________ and clearing up the confusion. So, when you feel like you are in on a secret, that is dramatic irony, a hallmark of all the great writers, from Shakespeare to Hitchcock.

Solution

  1. reason
  2. characters
  3. suspense
  4. villain
  5. irony
  6. builds
  7. comedy
  8. picture
  9. verbal
  10. person
  11. clarify
  12. dramatic
  13. movie
  14. horror
  15. typical
  16. tremendous
  17. identity
  18. great

Original Text

What do horror movies and comedies have in common? The two genres might seem totally different, but the reason they're both so popular is perhaps because what they have in common: their use of dramatic irony. First, let's clarify. There are three types of irony out there. Situational irony is when you expect one thing, but get the opposite. Verbal irony is when someone says something, but truly means the opposite. Dramatic irony, though, is what we will be looking at right now. Dramatic irony is when the audience seems to know more about an event, a situation, or a conversation than the characters in the movie, on the show, or in the book do. The audience is in on a secret that the characters have missed. This is a great story-telling device that creates tremendous emotion within that text. Think about it for a moment. How does it feel when, in a horror film, you know that the scary villain is hiding behind that door in the darkened room. The music becomes eerie, the lighting creates complete shadows, this has to be bad for the hero! Of course, though, that hero must enter the room to find the villain. You feel tremendous tension and the suspense of knowing that someone will jump out and be scary, but you just don't know when. That tension is dramatic irony: you know something more than the characters in the film. Now, take the typical comedy. There will probably be some type of "misunderstanding". Again, we know more of what is going on than the characters do. Picture two characters making a plan for a birthday surprise for their roommate while that roommate overhears the entire conversation from the hallway. From there, confusion and misunderstanding occur, and the tension builds. This isn't the same tension as the horror film since it is probably pretty funny as the character tries to figure out the whos and the whats, but it serves as a great example of the tension and suspense of dramatic irony. This tension or suspense in both genres drives the story and keeps the plot progressing. The audience wants, no, needs, to see the tension of the dramatic irony broken either by the scary person jumping out of the shadows or by someone finally revealing someone's true identity and clearing up the confusion. So, when you feel like you are in on a secret, that is dramatic irony, a hallmark of all the great writers, from Shakespeare to Hitchcock.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
dramatic irony 4

Important Words

  1. audience
  2. bad
  3. birthday
  4. book
  5. broken
  6. builds
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  10. clearing
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  12. comedy
  13. common
  14. complete
  15. confusion
  16. conversation
  17. creates
  18. darkened
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  20. door
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  23. eerie
  24. emotion
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  31. film
  32. finally
  33. find
  34. funny
  35. genres
  36. great
  37. hallmark
  38. hallway
  39. hero
  40. hiding
  41. hitchcock
  42. horror
  43. identity
  44. irony
  45. jump
  46. jumping
  47. knowing
  48. lighting
  49. making
  50. means
  51. missed
  52. misunderstanding
  53. moment
  54. movie
  55. movies
  56. music
  57. occur
  58. overhears
  59. person
  60. picture
  61. plan
  62. plot
  63. popular
  64. pretty
  65. progressing
  66. reason
  67. revealing
  68. room
  69. roommate
  70. scary
  71. secret
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  89. verbal
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  91. whats
  92. whos
  93. writers