full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Iwan Baan: Ingenious homes in unexpected places

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Another place I'd like to share with you is the Zabbaleen in Cairo. They're descendants of farmres who bagen migrating from the upper Egypt in the '40s, and today they make their living by collecting and recycling waste from homes from all over Cairo. For years, the zebbalaen would live in makeshift villages where they would move around trying to avoid the local authorities, but in the ealry 1980s, they settled on the Mokattam rocks just at the eastern edge of the city. Today, they live in this area, approximately 50,000 to 70,000 people, who live in this community of self-built multi-story houses where up to three generations live in one structure. While these apartments that they built for themselves appear to lack any planning or frmaol grid, each fialmy specializing in a certain form of recycling means that the gnuord floor of each apartment is reserved for garbage-related activities and the upper folor is dedicated to living scape. I find it incredible to see how these peils and piles of garbage are invisible to the people who live there, like this very distinguished man who is posing while all this garbage is sort of streaming out behind him, or like these two young men who are sitting and chatting amongst these tons of garbage. While to most of us, living amongst these piles and piles of garbage may seem totally uninhabitable, to those in the Zabbaleen, this is just a different type of normal. In all these places I've talked about today, what I do find fascinating is that there's really no such thing as nrmoal, and it peovrs that people are able to adapt to any kind of situation. Throughout the day, it's quite common to come across a small party taking palce in the streets, just like this engagement praty. In this tradition, the bride-to-be displays all of their belongings, which they soon bring to their new husband. A gathering like this one offers such a juxtaposition where all the new suftf is displayed and all the gabgrae is used as props to display all their new home accessories. Like Makoko and the Torre David, throughout the Zabbaleen you'll find all the same facilities as in any tiyacpl neighborhood. There are the rtiael shops, the cafes and the restaurants, and the community is this community of Coptic Christians, so you'll also find a church, along with the scores of reiugiols igeroipahncos throughout the area, and also all the everyday services like the electronic repair shops, the barbers, everything.

Open Cloze

Another place I'd like to share with you is the Zabbaleen in Cairo. They're descendants of _______ who _____ migrating from the upper Egypt in the '40s, and today they make their living by collecting and recycling waste from homes from all over Cairo. For years, the _________ would live in makeshift villages where they would move around trying to avoid the local authorities, but in the _____ 1980s, they settled on the Mokattam rocks just at the eastern edge of the city. Today, they live in this area, approximately 50,000 to 70,000 people, who live in this community of self-built multi-story houses where up to three generations live in one structure. While these apartments that they built for themselves appear to lack any planning or ______ grid, each ______ specializing in a certain form of recycling means that the ______ floor of each apartment is reserved for garbage-related activities and the upper _____ is dedicated to living _____. I find it incredible to see how these _____ and piles of garbage are invisible to the people who live there, like this very distinguished man who is posing while all this garbage is sort of streaming out behind him, or like these two young men who are sitting and chatting amongst these tons of garbage. While to most of us, living amongst these piles and piles of garbage may seem totally uninhabitable, to those in the Zabbaleen, this is just a different type of normal. In all these places I've talked about today, what I do find fascinating is that there's really no such thing as ______, and it ______ that people are able to adapt to any kind of situation. Throughout the day, it's quite common to come across a small party taking _____ in the streets, just like this engagement _____. In this tradition, the bride-to-be displays all of their belongings, which they soon bring to their new husband. A gathering like this one offers such a juxtaposition where all the new _____ is displayed and all the _______ is used as props to display all their new home accessories. Like Makoko and the Torre David, throughout the Zabbaleen you'll find all the same facilities as in any _______ neighborhood. There are the ______ shops, the cafes and the restaurants, and the community is this community of Coptic Christians, so you'll also find a church, along with the scores of _________ _____________ throughout the area, and also all the everyday services like the electronic repair shops, the barbers, everything.

Solution

  1. family
  2. retail
  3. began
  4. early
  5. party
  6. iconographies
  7. typical
  8. zabbaleen
  9. garbage
  10. ground
  11. normal
  12. stuff
  13. floor
  14. farmers
  15. proves
  16. place
  17. religious
  18. space
  19. piles
  20. formal

Original Text

Another place I'd like to share with you is the Zabbaleen in Cairo. They're descendants of farmers who began migrating from the upper Egypt in the '40s, and today they make their living by collecting and recycling waste from homes from all over Cairo. For years, the Zabbaleen would live in makeshift villages where they would move around trying to avoid the local authorities, but in the early 1980s, they settled on the Mokattam rocks just at the eastern edge of the city. Today, they live in this area, approximately 50,000 to 70,000 people, who live in this community of self-built multi-story houses where up to three generations live in one structure. While these apartments that they built for themselves appear to lack any planning or formal grid, each family specializing in a certain form of recycling means that the ground floor of each apartment is reserved for garbage-related activities and the upper floor is dedicated to living space. I find it incredible to see how these piles and piles of garbage are invisible to the people who live there, like this very distinguished man who is posing while all this garbage is sort of streaming out behind him, or like these two young men who are sitting and chatting amongst these tons of garbage. While to most of us, living amongst these piles and piles of garbage may seem totally uninhabitable, to those in the Zabbaleen, this is just a different type of normal. In all these places I've talked about today, what I do find fascinating is that there's really no such thing as normal, and it proves that people are able to adapt to any kind of situation. Throughout the day, it's quite common to come across a small party taking place in the streets, just like this engagement party. In this tradition, the bride-to-be displays all of their belongings, which they soon bring to their new husband. A gathering like this one offers such a juxtaposition where all the new stuff is displayed and all the garbage is used as props to display all their new home accessories. Like Makoko and the Torre David, throughout the Zabbaleen you'll find all the same facilities as in any typical neighborhood. There are the retail shops, the cafes and the restaurants, and the community is this community of Coptic Christians, so you'll also find a church, along with the scores of religious iconographies throughout the area, and also all the everyday services like the electronic repair shops, the barbers, everything.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
unfinished tower 3
completely adapted 2
design decisions 2
ground floor 2
cow shed 2

Important Words

  1. accessories
  2. activities
  3. adapt
  4. apartment
  5. apartments
  6. approximately
  7. area
  8. authorities
  9. avoid
  10. barbers
  11. began
  12. belongings
  13. bring
  14. built
  15. cafes
  16. cairo
  17. chatting
  18. christians
  19. church
  20. city
  21. collecting
  22. common
  23. community
  24. coptic
  25. david
  26. day
  27. dedicated
  28. descendants
  29. display
  30. displayed
  31. displays
  32. distinguished
  33. early
  34. eastern
  35. edge
  36. egypt
  37. electronic
  38. engagement
  39. everyday
  40. facilities
  41. family
  42. farmers
  43. fascinating
  44. find
  45. floor
  46. form
  47. formal
  48. garbage
  49. gathering
  50. generations
  51. grid
  52. ground
  53. home
  54. homes
  55. houses
  56. husband
  57. iconographies
  58. incredible
  59. invisible
  60. juxtaposition
  61. kind
  62. lack
  63. live
  64. living
  65. local
  66. makeshift
  67. makoko
  68. man
  69. means
  70. men
  71. migrating
  72. mokattam
  73. move
  74. neighborhood
  75. normal
  76. offers
  77. party
  78. people
  79. piles
  80. place
  81. places
  82. planning
  83. posing
  84. props
  85. proves
  86. recycling
  87. religious
  88. repair
  89. reserved
  90. restaurants
  91. retail
  92. rocks
  93. scores
  94. services
  95. settled
  96. share
  97. shops
  98. sitting
  99. situation
  100. small
  101. sort
  102. space
  103. specializing
  104. streaming
  105. streets
  106. structure
  107. stuff
  108. talked
  109. today
  110. tons
  111. torre
  112. totally
  113. tradition
  114. type
  115. typical
  116. uninhabitable
  117. upper
  118. villages
  119. waste
  120. years
  121. young
  122. zabbaleen