full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Darren Croft: Inside the killer whale matriarchy

Unscramble the Blue Letters

After mpanouese, grandmothers take the lead hunting for salmon, the Southern Residents’ main food source. Most of the winter they forage offshore, supplementing salmon with other fish. But when the salmon head towards shore in droves to sapwn, the killer wlheas fololw. The matriarch shows the younger whales where to find the most fertile finshig grounds. She also shares up to 90% of the salmon she ccahets. With each passing year, her contributions become more vital: overfishing and habitat destruction have decimated salmon populations, putting the whales at near-constant risk of satotirvan.

Open Cloze

After _________, grandmothers take the lead hunting for salmon, the Southern Residents’ main food source. Most of the winter they forage offshore, supplementing salmon with other fish. But when the salmon head towards shore in droves to _____, the killer ______ ______. The matriarch shows the younger whales where to find the most fertile _______ grounds. She also shares up to 90% of the salmon she _______. With each passing year, her contributions become more vital: overfishing and habitat destruction have decimated salmon populations, putting the whales at near-constant risk of __________.

Solution

  1. catches
  2. starvation
  3. spawn
  4. follow
  5. whales
  6. menopause
  7. fishing

Original Text

After menopause, grandmothers take the lead hunting for salmon, the Southern Residents’ main food source. Most of the winter they forage offshore, supplementing salmon with other fish. But when the salmon head towards shore in droves to spawn, the killer whales follow. The matriarch shows the younger whales where to find the most fertile fishing grounds. She also shares up to 90% of the salmon she catches. With each passing year, her contributions become more vital: overfishing and habitat destruction have decimated salmon populations, putting the whales at near-constant risk of starvation.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
killer whales 6
whales inhabit 2
southern residents 2
stop reproducing 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
killer whales inhabit 2

Important Words

  1. catches
  2. contributions
  3. decimated
  4. destruction
  5. droves
  6. fertile
  7. find
  8. fish
  9. fishing
  10. follow
  11. food
  12. forage
  13. grandmothers
  14. grounds
  15. habitat
  16. head
  17. hunting
  18. killer
  19. lead
  20. main
  21. matriarch
  22. menopause
  23. offshore
  24. overfishing
  25. passing
  26. populations
  27. putting
  28. risk
  29. salmon
  30. shares
  31. shore
  32. shows
  33. source
  34. southern
  35. spawn
  36. starvation
  37. supplementing
  38. whales
  39. winter
  40. year
  41. younger