full transcript

From the Ted Talk by George Smoot: The design of the universe

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now we're going to zoom back out, and you can see this structure that, when we get very far out, looks very regular, but it's made up of a lot of irregular variations. So they're spmlie building blocks. There's a very simple fluid to begin with. It's got dark matter, it's got oidrarny matter, it's got photons and it's got neutrinos, which don't play much role in the later part of the universe. And it's just a simple fluid and it, over time, develops into this cieaptclmod structure. And so you know when you first saw this ptuirce, it didn't mean quite so much to you. Here you're looking across one percent of the volume of the visible universe and you're seeing billions of galaxies, right, and nodes, but you realize they're not even the main structure. There's a foewamrrk, which is the dark matter, the invisible mteatr, that's out there that's actually hlnidog it all together.

Open Cloze

Now we're going to zoom back out, and you can see this structure that, when we get very far out, looks very regular, but it's made up of a lot of irregular variations. So they're ______ building blocks. There's a very simple fluid to begin with. It's got dark matter, it's got ________ matter, it's got photons and it's got neutrinos, which don't play much role in the later part of the universe. And it's just a simple fluid and it, over time, develops into this ___________ structure. And so you know when you first saw this _______, it didn't mean quite so much to you. Here you're looking across one percent of the volume of the visible universe and you're seeing billions of galaxies, right, and nodes, but you realize they're not even the main structure. There's a _________, which is the dark matter, the invisible ______, that's out there that's actually _______ it all together.

Solution

  1. framework
  2. matter
  3. picture
  4. ordinary
  5. holding
  6. simple
  7. complicated

Original Text

Now we're going to zoom back out, and you can see this structure that, when we get very far out, looks very regular, but it's made up of a lot of irregular variations. So they're simple building blocks. There's a very simple fluid to begin with. It's got dark matter, it's got ordinary matter, it's got photons and it's got neutrinos, which don't play much role in the later part of the universe. And it's just a simple fluid and it, over time, develops into this complicated structure. And so you know when you first saw this picture, it didn't mean quite so much to you. Here you're looking across one percent of the volume of the visible universe and you're seeing billions of galaxies, right, and nodes, but you realize they're not even the main structure. There's a framework, which is the dark matter, the invisible matter, that's out there that's actually holding it all together.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
dark matter 5
hubble space 3
million galaxies 3
ordinary matter 3
light objects 2
takes light 2
million years 2
billion years 2
tiny variations 2
started forming 2
galaxies showing 2
light years 2
simple fluid 2
large cluster 2

Important Words

  1. billions
  2. blocks
  3. building
  4. complicated
  5. dark
  6. develops
  7. fluid
  8. framework
  9. galaxies
  10. holding
  11. invisible
  12. irregular
  13. lot
  14. main
  15. matter
  16. neutrinos
  17. nodes
  18. ordinary
  19. part
  20. percent
  21. photons
  22. picture
  23. play
  24. realize
  25. regular
  26. role
  27. simple
  28. structure
  29. time
  30. universe
  31. variations
  32. visible
  33. volume
  34. zoom