full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Martin Rees: Is this our final century?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

I'm going to show you a mivoe simulation 16 powers of 10 fesatr than real time, which shows a patch of the universe where the eipsaonnxs have subtracted out. But you see, as time goes on in gigayears at the bottom, you will see structures evolve as gravity feeds on small, dense iratgrelieruis, and structures develop. And we'll end up after 13 billion years with something looking rather like our own universe. And we compare simulated universes like that — I'll show you a better saiiolutmn at the end of my talk — with what we actually see in the sky. Well, we can trace things back to the earlier stages of the Big Bang, but we still don't know what banged and why it banged.

Open Cloze

I'm going to show you a _____ simulation 16 powers of 10 ______ than real time, which shows a patch of the universe where the __________ have subtracted out. But you see, as time goes on in gigayears at the bottom, you will see structures evolve as gravity feeds on small, dense ______________, and structures develop. And we'll end up after 13 billion years with something looking rather like our own universe. And we compare simulated universes like that — I'll show you a better __________ at the end of my talk — with what we actually see in the sky. Well, we can trace things back to the earlier stages of the Big Bang, but we still don't know what banged and why it banged.

Solution

  1. movie
  2. simulation
  3. irregularities
  4. expansions
  5. faster

Original Text

I'm going to show you a movie simulation 16 powers of 10 faster than real time, which shows a patch of the universe where the expansions have subtracted out. But you see, as time goes on in gigayears at the bottom, you will see structures evolve as gravity feeds on small, dense irregularities, and structures develop. And we'll end up after 13 billion years with something looking rather like our own universe. And we compare simulated universes like that — I'll show you a better simulation at the end of my talk — with what we actually see in the sky. Well, we can trace things back to the earlier stages of the Big Bang, but we still don't know what banged and why it banged.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
billion years 4
big bang 4
solar system 2
big bangs 2
complex structure 2
world faster 2
metallic objects 2

Important Words

  1. bang
  2. banged
  3. big
  4. billion
  5. bottom
  6. compare
  7. dense
  8. develop
  9. earlier
  10. evolve
  11. expansions
  12. faster
  13. feeds
  14. gigayears
  15. gravity
  16. irregularities
  17. movie
  18. patch
  19. powers
  20. real
  21. show
  22. shows
  23. simulated
  24. simulation
  25. sky
  26. small
  27. stages
  28. structures
  29. subtracted
  30. talk
  31. time
  32. trace
  33. universe
  34. universes
  35. years