full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Helen Pearson: Lessons from the longest study on human development

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Let me give you an example of that. In one study, scientists loeokd at about 17,000 children who were born in 1970. They sifted all the mountains of data that they had collected to try to work out what aewllod the cerihdln who'd had a difficult start in life to go on and do well at socohl nevertheless. In other words, which ones beat the odds. The data soewhd that what mattered more than anything else was petanrs. Having engaged, interested parents in those first few years of life was strongly linked to children going on to do well at school later on. In fact, quite small things that parents do are associated with good otmocues for children. Talking and listening to a child, responding to them warmly, teaching them their letters and numbers, taking them on trips and visits. rdeaing to children every day seems to be really important, too. So in one study, children whose parents were reading to them daily when they were five and then soihwng an interest in their eoatiudcn at the age of 10, were significantly less likely to be in poverty at the age of 30 than those whose parents weren't doing those things.

Open Cloze

Let me give you an example of that. In one study, scientists ______ at about 17,000 children who were born in 1970. They sifted all the mountains of data that they had collected to try to work out what _______ the ________ who'd had a difficult start in life to go on and do well at ______ nevertheless. In other words, which ones beat the odds. The data ______ that what mattered more than anything else was _______. Having engaged, interested parents in those first few years of life was strongly linked to children going on to do well at school later on. In fact, quite small things that parents do are associated with good ________ for children. Talking and listening to a child, responding to them warmly, teaching them their letters and numbers, taking them on trips and visits. _______ to children every day seems to be really important, too. So in one study, children whose parents were reading to them daily when they were five and then _______ an interest in their _________ at the age of 10, were significantly less likely to be in poverty at the age of 30 than those whose parents weren't doing those things.

Solution

  1. children
  2. education
  3. parents
  4. allowed
  5. showing
  6. outcomes
  7. school
  8. reading
  9. looked
  10. showed

Original Text

Let me give you an example of that. In one study, scientists looked at about 17,000 children who were born in 1970. They sifted all the mountains of data that they had collected to try to work out what allowed the children who'd had a difficult start in life to go on and do well at school nevertheless. In other words, which ones beat the odds. The data showed that what mattered more than anything else was parents. Having engaged, interested parents in those first few years of life was strongly linked to children going on to do well at school later on. In fact, quite small things that parents do are associated with good outcomes for children. Talking and listening to a child, responding to them warmly, teaching them their letters and numbers, taking them on trips and visits. Reading to children every day seems to be really important, too. So in one study, children whose parents were reading to them daily when they were five and then showing an interest in their education at the age of 10, were significantly less likely to be in poverty at the age of 30 than those whose parents weren't doing those things.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
data showed 4
british study 3
remarkable study 2
tough start 2
difficult start 2
scientists looked 2
good outcomes 2
bedtime routines 2
school tests 2

Important Words

  1. age
  2. allowed
  3. beat
  4. born
  5. child
  6. children
  7. collected
  8. daily
  9. data
  10. day
  11. difficult
  12. education
  13. engaged
  14. fact
  15. give
  16. good
  17. important
  18. interest
  19. interested
  20. letters
  21. life
  22. linked
  23. listening
  24. looked
  25. mattered
  26. mountains
  27. numbers
  28. odds
  29. outcomes
  30. parents
  31. poverty
  32. reading
  33. responding
  34. school
  35. scientists
  36. showed
  37. showing
  38. sifted
  39. significantly
  40. small
  41. start
  42. strongly
  43. study
  44. talking
  45. teaching
  46. trips
  47. visits
  48. warmly
  49. words
  50. work
  51. years