full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Helen Pearson: Lessons from the longest study on human development"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now at the start, I said the first lesson from this study was not to be born into poverty or into disadvantage, because those children tend to follow more difficult paths in their lives. But then I said that parenting matters, and that good parenting, if you can call it that, helps children beat the odds and overcome some of those early daniveaadtgss. So wait, does that actually mean, then, that poverty doesn't matter after all? You could aruge it doesn't matter if a child is born poor — as long as their parents are good parents, they're going to do just fine. I don't believe that's true. This sudty shows that poverty and parenting matter. And one study actually put figures on that, so it lokoed at children growing up in persistent pvtoery and how well they were doing at school. The data sehowd that even when their parents were doing everything right — putting them to bed on time and reading to them every day and everything else — that only got those children so far. Good parenting only reduced the educational gap between the rich and poor chdreiln by about 50 pecnret. Now that means that poverty leaves a really lasting scar, and it maens that if we really want to esunre the success and well-being of the next ganetrioen, then tiankclg child poverty is an incredibly important thing to do.

Open Cloze

Now at the start, I said the first lesson from this study was not to be born into poverty or into disadvantage, because those children tend to follow more difficult paths in their lives. But then I said that parenting matters, and that good parenting, if you can call it that, helps children beat the odds and overcome some of those early _____________. So wait, does that actually mean, then, that poverty doesn't matter after all? You could _____ it doesn't matter if a child is born poor — as long as their parents are good parents, they're going to do just fine. I don't believe that's true. This _____ shows that poverty and parenting matter. And one study actually put figures on that, so it ______ at children growing up in persistent _______ and how well they were doing at school. The data ______ that even when their parents were doing everything right — putting them to bed on time and reading to them every day and everything else — that only got those children so far. Good parenting only reduced the educational gap between the rich and poor ________ by about 50 _______. Now that means that poverty leaves a really lasting scar, and it _____ that if we really want to ______ the success and well-being of the next __________, then ________ child poverty is an incredibly important thing to do.

Solution

  1. showed
  2. disadvantages
  3. generation
  4. study
  5. means
  6. percent
  7. children
  8. looked
  9. poverty
  10. ensure
  11. argue
  12. tackling

Original Text

Now at the start, I said the first lesson from this study was not to be born into poverty or into disadvantage, because those children tend to follow more difficult paths in their lives. But then I said that parenting matters, and that good parenting, if you can call it that, helps children beat the odds and overcome some of those early disadvantages. So wait, does that actually mean, then, that poverty doesn't matter after all? You could argue it doesn't matter if a child is born poor — as long as their parents are good parents, they're going to do just fine. I don't believe that's true. This study shows that poverty and parenting matter. And one study actually put figures on that, so it looked at children growing up in persistent poverty and how well they were doing at school. The data showed that even when their parents were doing everything right — putting them to bed on time and reading to them every day and everything else — that only got those children so far. Good parenting only reduced the educational gap between the rich and poor children by about 50 percent. Now that means that poverty leaves a really lasting scar, and it means that if we really want to ensure the success and well-being of the next generation, then tackling child poverty is an incredibly important thing to do.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
data showed 4
study children 3
good outcomes 3
british study 3

Important Words

  1. argue
  2. beat
  3. bed
  4. born
  5. call
  6. child
  7. children
  8. data
  9. day
  10. difficult
  11. disadvantage
  12. disadvantages
  13. early
  14. educational
  15. ensure
  16. figures
  17. fine
  18. follow
  19. gap
  20. generation
  21. good
  22. growing
  23. helps
  24. important
  25. incredibly
  26. lasting
  27. leaves
  28. lesson
  29. lives
  30. long
  31. looked
  32. matter
  33. matters
  34. means
  35. odds
  36. overcome
  37. parenting
  38. parents
  39. paths
  40. percent
  41. persistent
  42. poor
  43. poverty
  44. put
  45. putting
  46. reading
  47. reduced
  48. rich
  49. scar
  50. school
  51. showed
  52. shows
  53. start
  54. study
  55. success
  56. tackling
  57. tend
  58. time
  59. true
  60. wait