full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Vicki Arroyo: Let's prepare for our new climate

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Second, preparing for heat and drought. Farmers are facing challenges of drought from Asia to Africa, from Australia to Oklahoma, while heat wveas linked with climate change have killed tens of thousands of people in Western Europe in 2003, and again in Russia in 2010. In Ethiopia, 70 percent, that's 7-0 percent of the population, depends on rainfall for its livelihood. Oxfam and Swiss Re, together with Rockefeller Foundation, are helping frermas like this one build hillside terraces and find other ways to cvonerse water, but they're also providing for inucnasre when the droughts do come. The stability this provides is giving the farmers the confidence to invest. It's gnivig them accses to alorffabde credit. It's alnoliwg them to become more productive so that they can arffod their own insurance over time, without assistance. It's a virtuous cycle, and one that could be replicated throughout the developing world. After a lethal 1995 heat wave turned refrigerator trucks from the popular Taste of Chicago festival into makeshift morgues, cihagco became a recognized leader, tamping down on the uabrn heat island impact through opening cooling centers, outreach to vulnerable neighborhoods, planting trees, caiterng cool white or vegetated green roofs. This is City Hall's green roof, next to Cook County's [portion of the] roof, which is 77 degrees fhnariehet hotter at the surface. Washington, D.C., last year, actually led the nation in new green roofs installed, and they're fdnuing this in part thanks to a five-cent tax on plastic bags. They're splitting the cost of installing these green rofos with home and building oewrns. The roofs not only tmeepr urban heat island impact but they save enegry, and therefore moeny, the emissions that cause clamite change, and they also reduce stormwater runoff. So some solutions to heat can provide for win-win-wins.

Open Cloze

Second, preparing for heat and drought. Farmers are facing challenges of drought from Asia to Africa, from Australia to Oklahoma, while heat _____ linked with climate change have killed tens of thousands of people in Western Europe in 2003, and again in Russia in 2010. In Ethiopia, 70 percent, that's 7-0 percent of the population, depends on rainfall for its livelihood. Oxfam and Swiss Re, together with Rockefeller Foundation, are helping _______ like this one build hillside terraces and find other ways to ________ water, but they're also providing for _________ when the droughts do come. The stability this provides is giving the farmers the confidence to invest. It's ______ them ______ to __________ credit. It's ________ them to become more productive so that they can ______ their own insurance over time, without assistance. It's a virtuous cycle, and one that could be replicated throughout the developing world. After a lethal 1995 heat wave turned refrigerator trucks from the popular Taste of Chicago festival into makeshift morgues, _______ became a recognized leader, tamping down on the _____ heat island impact through opening cooling centers, outreach to vulnerable neighborhoods, planting trees, ________ cool white or vegetated green roofs. This is City Hall's green roof, next to Cook County's [portion of the] roof, which is 77 degrees __________ hotter at the surface. Washington, D.C., last year, actually led the nation in new green roofs installed, and they're _______ this in part thanks to a five-cent tax on plastic bags. They're splitting the cost of installing these green _____ with home and building ______. The roofs not only ______ urban heat island impact but they save ______, and therefore _____, the emissions that cause _______ change, and they also reduce stormwater runoff. So some solutions to heat can provide for win-win-wins.

Solution

  1. creating
  2. waves
  3. chicago
  4. giving
  5. fahrenheit
  6. energy
  7. conserve
  8. owners
  9. temper
  10. climate
  11. money
  12. allowing
  13. roofs
  14. funding
  15. affordable
  16. farmers
  17. urban
  18. insurance
  19. access
  20. afford

Original Text

Second, preparing for heat and drought. Farmers are facing challenges of drought from Asia to Africa, from Australia to Oklahoma, while heat waves linked with climate change have killed tens of thousands of people in Western Europe in 2003, and again in Russia in 2010. In Ethiopia, 70 percent, that's 7-0 percent of the population, depends on rainfall for its livelihood. Oxfam and Swiss Re, together with Rockefeller Foundation, are helping farmers like this one build hillside terraces and find other ways to conserve water, but they're also providing for insurance when the droughts do come. The stability this provides is giving the farmers the confidence to invest. It's giving them access to affordable credit. It's allowing them to become more productive so that they can afford their own insurance over time, without assistance. It's a virtuous cycle, and one that could be replicated throughout the developing world. After a lethal 1995 heat wave turned refrigerator trucks from the popular Taste of Chicago festival into makeshift morgues, Chicago became a recognized leader, tamping down on the urban heat island impact through opening cooling centers, outreach to vulnerable neighborhoods, planting trees, creating cool white or vegetated green roofs. This is City Hall's green roof, next to Cook County's [portion of the] roof, which is 77 degrees Fahrenheit hotter at the surface. Washington, D.C., last year, actually led the nation in new green roofs installed, and they're funding this in part thanks to a five-cent tax on plastic bags. They're splitting the cost of installing these green roofs with home and building owners. The roofs not only temper urban heat island impact but they save energy, and therefore money, the emissions that cause climate change, and they also reduce stormwater runoff. So some solutions to heat can provide for win-win-wins.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
climate change 5
sea level 4
green roofs 3
san francisco 3
storm surge 2
urban heat 2
heat island 2
island impact 2
level rise 2
outfall pipes 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
urban heat island 2
heat island impact 2
sea level rise 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
urban heat island impact 2

Important Words

  1. access
  2. afford
  3. affordable
  4. africa
  5. allowing
  6. asia
  7. assistance
  8. australia
  9. bags
  10. build
  11. building
  12. centers
  13. challenges
  14. change
  15. chicago
  16. city
  17. climate
  18. confidence
  19. conserve
  20. cook
  21. cool
  22. cooling
  23. cost
  24. creating
  25. credit
  26. cycle
  27. degrees
  28. depends
  29. developing
  30. drought
  31. droughts
  32. emissions
  33. energy
  34. ethiopia
  35. europe
  36. facing
  37. fahrenheit
  38. farmers
  39. festival
  40. find
  41. foundation
  42. funding
  43. giving
  44. green
  45. heat
  46. helping
  47. hillside
  48. home
  49. hotter
  50. impact
  51. installed
  52. installing
  53. insurance
  54. invest
  55. island
  56. killed
  57. leader
  58. led
  59. lethal
  60. linked
  61. livelihood
  62. makeshift
  63. money
  64. morgues
  65. nation
  66. neighborhoods
  67. oklahoma
  68. opening
  69. outreach
  70. owners
  71. oxfam
  72. part
  73. people
  74. percent
  75. planting
  76. plastic
  77. popular
  78. population
  79. portion
  80. preparing
  81. productive
  82. provide
  83. providing
  84. rainfall
  85. recognized
  86. reduce
  87. refrigerator
  88. replicated
  89. rockefeller
  90. roof
  91. roofs
  92. runoff
  93. russia
  94. save
  95. solutions
  96. splitting
  97. stability
  98. stormwater
  99. surface
  100. swiss
  101. tamping
  102. taste
  103. tax
  104. temper
  105. tens
  106. terraces
  107. thousands
  108. time
  109. trees
  110. trucks
  111. turned
  112. urban
  113. vegetated
  114. virtuous
  115. vulnerable
  116. washington
  117. water
  118. wave
  119. waves
  120. ways
  121. western
  122. white
  123. world
  124. year