full transcript

From the Ted Talk by David Gallo: Life in the deep oceans

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Here's where Bill's cameras really do shine. This is what's called a hydrothermal vent. And what you're seeing here is a cloud of dnelsey packed, hydrogen-sulfide-rich water coming out of a volcanic axis on the sea floor. Gets up to 600, 700 degrees F, somewhere in that range. So that's all water under the sea — a mile and a half, two mlies, three miles down. And we knew it was volcanic back in the '60s, '70s. And then we had some hint that these things existed all along the axis of it, because if you've got vlsnciaom, water's going to get down from the sea into ccraks in the sea floor, come in contact with mmgaa, and come shooting out hot. We weren't really aware that it would be so rich with sulfides, hydrogen suefdlis. We didn't have any idea about these things, which we call chimneys.

Open Cloze

Here's where Bill's cameras really do shine. This is what's called a hydrothermal vent. And what you're seeing here is a cloud of _______ packed, hydrogen-sulfide-rich water coming out of a volcanic axis on the sea floor. Gets up to 600, 700 degrees F, somewhere in that range. So that's all water under the sea — a mile and a half, two _____, three miles down. And we knew it was volcanic back in the '60s, '70s. And then we had some hint that these things existed all along the axis of it, because if you've got _________, water's going to get down from the sea into ______ in the sea floor, come in contact with _____, and come shooting out hot. We weren't really aware that it would be so rich with sulfides, hydrogen ________. We didn't have any idea about these things, which we call chimneys.

Solution

  1. densely
  2. sulfides
  3. miles
  4. cracks
  5. magma
  6. volcanism

Original Text

Here's where Bill's cameras really do shine. This is what's called a hydrothermal vent. And what you're seeing here is a cloud of densely packed, hydrogen-sulfide-rich water coming out of a volcanic axis on the sea floor. Gets up to 600, 700 degrees F, somewhere in that range. So that's all water under the sea — a mile and a half, two miles, three miles down. And we knew it was volcanic back in the '60s, '70s. And then we had some hint that these things existed all along the axis of it, because if you've got volcanism, water's going to get down from the sea into cracks in the sea floor, come in contact with magma, and come shooting out hot. We weren't really aware that it would be so rich with sulfides, hydrogen sulfides. We didn't have any idea about these things, which we call chimneys.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
mountain ranges 4
water coming 3
sea floor 3
bill lange 2
average depth 2
unfamiliar world 2
submarine alvin 2
feet long 2
long mountain 2
mountain range 2
hydrothermal vents 2
volcanic activity 2
hot water 2
crab touches 2
rock face 2
vent sites 2
plumbing system 2
system turns 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
long mountain range 2
plumbing system turns 2

Important Words

  1. aware
  2. axis
  3. call
  4. called
  5. cameras
  6. chimneys
  7. cloud
  8. coming
  9. contact
  10. cracks
  11. degrees
  12. densely
  13. existed
  14. floor
  15. hint
  16. hot
  17. hydrogen
  18. hydrothermal
  19. idea
  20. knew
  21. magma
  22. mile
  23. miles
  24. packed
  25. range
  26. rich
  27. sea
  28. shine
  29. shooting
  30. sulfides
  31. vent
  32. volcanic
  33. volcanism
  34. water