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From the Ted Talk by Jessica Smith: Mansa Musa, one of the wealthiest people who ever lived

Unscramble the Blue Letters

If someone asked you who the rhiscet people in history were, who would you name? Perhaps a billionaire banker or corporate mugol, like Bill Gates or John D. Rockefeller. How about African King Musa Keita I? Ruling the Mali Empire in the 14th century CE, Mansa Musa, or the King of Kings, amassed a fortune that plsisboy made him one of the wealthiest ppeole who ever lievd. But his vast wtaleh was only one piece of his rich legacy. When Mansa Musa came to power in 1312, much of Europe was rcaekd by famine and ciivl wars. But many African kingdoms and the Islamic wlrod were flourishing, and Mansa Musa pyelad a great role in bringing the fruits of this flourishing to his own realm. By strategically annexing the city of Timbuktu, and reestablishing power over the city of Gao, he gained conotrl over important trade routes between the Mediterranean and the West arfican Coast, continuing a preoid of eoipnsxan, which dramatically increased Mali's size. The territory of the Mali Empire was rich in natural resources, such as gold and salt. The world first witnessed the entext of Mansa Musa's wealth in 1324 when he took his pilgrimage to Mecca. Not one to travel on a budget, he brought a caaravn stretching as far as the eye could see. Accounts of this journey are mostly based on an oral testimony and dneififrg wertitn records, so it's dffiliuct to determine the exact dtieals. But what most agree on is the extravagant scale of the excursion. criclohners dribecse an entourage of tens of tdunahoss of soldiers, civilians, and savels, 500 heralds bearing gold staffs and dressed in fine silks, and many camels and horses bearing an abundance of gold bars. Stopping in cities such as Cairo, Mansa Musa is said to have senpt massive quantities of gold, giving to the poor, buying surioevns, and even having mosques built along the way. In fact, his spending may have destabilized the regional economy, causing mass inflation. This journey reportedly took over a year, and by the time Mansa Musa returned, tleas of his amazing wealth had spread to the ports of the Mediterranean. Mali and its king were elevated to near leendgary status, ctenmeed by their inclusion on the 1375 Catalan aatls. One of the most important world maps of Medieval Europe, it depicted the King hoidlng a scepter and a gleaming gold nugget. Mansa Musa had literally put his eimpre and himself on the map. But material riches weren't the king's only ceocrnn. As a devout Muslim, he took a particular interest in Timbuktu, already a center of religion and learning porir to its annexation. Upon returning from his pglrmgaiie, he had the great Djinguereber Mosque built there with the help of an Andalusian architect. He also established a major uirstnivey, further elevating the city's reputation, and aantitctrg scholars and students from all over the Islamic world. Under Mansa Musa, the Empire became urbanized, with schools and mosques in hundreds of densely populated towns. The king's rich legacy persisted for generations and to this day, there are mausoleums, libraries and mosques that stand as a testament to this golden age of Mali's history.

Open Cloze

If someone asked you who the _______ people in history were, who would you name? Perhaps a billionaire banker or corporate _____, like Bill Gates or John D. Rockefeller. How about African King Musa Keita I? Ruling the Mali Empire in the 14th century CE, Mansa Musa, or the King of Kings, amassed a fortune that ________ made him one of the wealthiest ______ who ever _____. But his vast ______ was only one piece of his rich legacy. When Mansa Musa came to power in 1312, much of Europe was ______ by famine and _____ wars. But many African kingdoms and the Islamic _____ were flourishing, and Mansa Musa ______ a great role in bringing the fruits of this flourishing to his own realm. By strategically annexing the city of Timbuktu, and reestablishing power over the city of Gao, he gained _______ over important trade routes between the Mediterranean and the West _______ Coast, continuing a ______ of _________, which dramatically increased Mali's size. The territory of the Mali Empire was rich in natural resources, such as gold and salt. The world first witnessed the ______ of Mansa Musa's wealth in 1324 when he took his pilgrimage to Mecca. Not one to travel on a budget, he brought a _______ stretching as far as the eye could see. Accounts of this journey are mostly based on an oral testimony and _________ _______ records, so it's _________ to determine the exact _______. But what most agree on is the extravagant scale of the excursion. ___________ ________ an entourage of tens of _________ of soldiers, civilians, and ______, 500 heralds bearing gold staffs and dressed in fine silks, and many camels and horses bearing an abundance of gold bars. Stopping in cities such as Cairo, Mansa Musa is said to have _____ massive quantities of gold, giving to the poor, buying _________, and even having mosques built along the way. In fact, his spending may have destabilized the regional economy, causing mass inflation. This journey reportedly took over a year, and by the time Mansa Musa returned, _____ of his amazing wealth had spread to the ports of the Mediterranean. Mali and its king were elevated to near _________ status, ________ by their inclusion on the 1375 Catalan _____. One of the most important world maps of Medieval Europe, it depicted the King _______ a scepter and a gleaming gold nugget. Mansa Musa had literally put his ______ and himself on the map. But material riches weren't the king's only _______. As a devout Muslim, he took a particular interest in Timbuktu, already a center of religion and learning _____ to its annexation. Upon returning from his __________, he had the great Djinguereber Mosque built there with the help of an Andalusian architect. He also established a major __________, further elevating the city's reputation, and __________ scholars and students from all over the Islamic world. Under Mansa Musa, the Empire became urbanized, with schools and mosques in hundreds of densely populated towns. The king's rich legacy persisted for generations and to this day, there are mausoleums, libraries and mosques that stand as a testament to this golden age of Mali's history.

Solution

  1. holding
  2. concern
  3. lived
  4. legendary
  5. slaves
  6. caravan
  7. expansion
  8. difficult
  9. people
  10. thousands
  11. wealth
  12. pilgrimage
  13. souvenirs
  14. differing
  15. african
  16. control
  17. civil
  18. racked
  19. richest
  20. period
  21. mogul
  22. university
  23. atlas
  24. attracting
  25. possibly
  26. empire
  27. extent
  28. cemented
  29. tales
  30. played
  31. written
  32. prior
  33. details
  34. world
  35. describe
  36. spent
  37. chroniclers

Original Text

If someone asked you who the richest people in history were, who would you name? Perhaps a billionaire banker or corporate mogul, like Bill Gates or John D. Rockefeller. How about African King Musa Keita I? Ruling the Mali Empire in the 14th century CE, Mansa Musa, or the King of Kings, amassed a fortune that possibly made him one of the wealthiest people who ever lived. But his vast wealth was only one piece of his rich legacy. When Mansa Musa came to power in 1312, much of Europe was racked by famine and civil wars. But many African kingdoms and the Islamic world were flourishing, and Mansa Musa played a great role in bringing the fruits of this flourishing to his own realm. By strategically annexing the city of Timbuktu, and reestablishing power over the city of Gao, he gained control over important trade routes between the Mediterranean and the West African Coast, continuing a period of expansion, which dramatically increased Mali's size. The territory of the Mali Empire was rich in natural resources, such as gold and salt. The world first witnessed the extent of Mansa Musa's wealth in 1324 when he took his pilgrimage to Mecca. Not one to travel on a budget, he brought a caravan stretching as far as the eye could see. Accounts of this journey are mostly based on an oral testimony and differing written records, so it's difficult to determine the exact details. But what most agree on is the extravagant scale of the excursion. Chroniclers describe an entourage of tens of thousands of soldiers, civilians, and slaves, 500 heralds bearing gold staffs and dressed in fine silks, and many camels and horses bearing an abundance of gold bars. Stopping in cities such as Cairo, Mansa Musa is said to have spent massive quantities of gold, giving to the poor, buying souvenirs, and even having mosques built along the way. In fact, his spending may have destabilized the regional economy, causing mass inflation. This journey reportedly took over a year, and by the time Mansa Musa returned, tales of his amazing wealth had spread to the ports of the Mediterranean. Mali and its king were elevated to near legendary status, cemented by their inclusion on the 1375 Catalan Atlas. One of the most important world maps of Medieval Europe, it depicted the King holding a scepter and a gleaming gold nugget. Mansa Musa had literally put his empire and himself on the map. But material riches weren't the king's only concern. As a devout Muslim, he took a particular interest in Timbuktu, already a center of religion and learning prior to its annexation. Upon returning from his pilgrimage, he had the great Djinguereber Mosque built there with the help of an Andalusian architect. He also established a major university, further elevating the city's reputation, and attracting scholars and students from all over the Islamic world. Under Mansa Musa, the Empire became urbanized, with schools and mosques in hundreds of densely populated towns. The king's rich legacy persisted for generations and to this day, there are mausoleums, libraries and mosques that stand as a testament to this golden age of Mali's history.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
mansa musa 5
mali empire 2
rich legacy 2
islamic world 2

Important Words

  1. abundance
  2. accounts
  3. african
  4. age
  5. agree
  6. amassed
  7. amazing
  8. andalusian
  9. annexation
  10. annexing
  11. architect
  12. asked
  13. atlas
  14. attracting
  15. banker
  16. bars
  17. based
  18. bearing
  19. bill
  20. billionaire
  21. bringing
  22. brought
  23. budget
  24. built
  25. buying
  26. cairo
  27. camels
  28. caravan
  29. catalan
  30. causing
  31. ce
  32. cemented
  33. center
  34. century
  35. chroniclers
  36. cities
  37. city
  38. civil
  39. civilians
  40. coast
  41. concern
  42. continuing
  43. control
  44. corporate
  45. day
  46. densely
  47. depicted
  48. describe
  49. destabilized
  50. details
  51. determine
  52. devout
  53. differing
  54. difficult
  55. djinguereber
  56. dramatically
  57. dressed
  58. economy
  59. elevated
  60. elevating
  61. empire
  62. entourage
  63. established
  64. europe
  65. exact
  66. excursion
  67. expansion
  68. extent
  69. extravagant
  70. eye
  71. fact
  72. famine
  73. fine
  74. flourishing
  75. fortune
  76. fruits
  77. gained
  78. gao
  79. gates
  80. generations
  81. giving
  82. gleaming
  83. gold
  84. golden
  85. great
  86. heralds
  87. history
  88. holding
  89. horses
  90. hundreds
  91. important
  92. inclusion
  93. increased
  94. inflation
  95. interest
  96. islamic
  97. john
  98. journey
  99. keita
  100. king
  101. kingdoms
  102. kings
  103. learning
  104. legacy
  105. legendary
  106. libraries
  107. literally
  108. lived
  109. major
  110. mali
  111. mansa
  112. map
  113. maps
  114. mass
  115. massive
  116. material
  117. mausoleums
  118. mecca
  119. medieval
  120. mediterranean
  121. mogul
  122. mosque
  123. mosques
  124. musa
  125. muslim
  126. natural
  127. nugget
  128. oral
  129. people
  130. period
  131. persisted
  132. piece
  133. pilgrimage
  134. played
  135. poor
  136. populated
  137. ports
  138. possibly
  139. power
  140. prior
  141. put
  142. quantities
  143. racked
  144. realm
  145. records
  146. reestablishing
  147. regional
  148. religion
  149. reportedly
  150. reputation
  151. resources
  152. returned
  153. returning
  154. rich
  155. riches
  156. richest
  157. rockefeller
  158. role
  159. routes
  160. ruling
  161. salt
  162. scale
  163. scepter
  164. scholars
  165. schools
  166. silks
  167. size
  168. slaves
  169. soldiers
  170. souvenirs
  171. spending
  172. spent
  173. spread
  174. staffs
  175. stand
  176. status
  177. stopping
  178. strategically
  179. stretching
  180. students
  181. tales
  182. tens
  183. territory
  184. testament
  185. testimony
  186. thousands
  187. timbuktu
  188. time
  189. towns
  190. trade
  191. travel
  192. university
  193. urbanized
  194. vast
  195. wars
  196. wealth
  197. wealthiest
  198. west
  199. witnessed
  200. world
  201. written
  202. year