full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Irina Kareva: Math can help uncover cancer's secrets

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Luckily, since this is a model, we control all the assumptions. So we can go through them, one by one, identifying which one or ones are cnauisg the discrepancy. And then we can fill this nelwy identified gap in knowledge using both experimental and theoretical approaches. Of course, any ecosystem is extremely complex, and trying to describe all the moving parts is not only very difficult, but also not very informative. There's also the issue of timescales, because some processes take palce on a scale of seconds, some minutes, some days, mnoths and years. It may not always be possible to separate those out experimentally. And some things happen so quickly or so slolwy that you may physically never be able to measure them. But as mathematicians, we have the pweor to zoom in on any subsystem in any timescale and siamtlue effects of interventions that take place in any timescale.

Open Cloze

Luckily, since this is a model, we control all the assumptions. So we can go through them, one by one, identifying which one or ones are _______ the discrepancy. And then we can fill this _____ identified gap in knowledge using both experimental and theoretical approaches. Of course, any ecosystem is extremely complex, and trying to describe all the moving parts is not only very difficult, but also not very informative. There's also the issue of timescales, because some processes take _____ on a scale of seconds, some minutes, some days, ______ and years. It may not always be possible to separate those out experimentally. And some things happen so quickly or so ______ that you may physically never be able to measure them. But as mathematicians, we have the _____ to zoom in on any subsystem in any timescale and ________ effects of interventions that take place in any timescale.

Solution

  1. simulate
  2. place
  3. power
  4. newly
  5. slowly
  6. causing
  7. months

Original Text

Luckily, since this is a model, we control all the assumptions. So we can go through them, one by one, identifying which one or ones are causing the discrepancy. And then we can fill this newly identified gap in knowledge using both experimental and theoretical approaches. Of course, any ecosystem is extremely complex, and trying to describe all the moving parts is not only very difficult, but also not very informative. There's also the issue of timescales, because some processes take place on a scale of seconds, some minutes, some days, months and years. It may not always be possible to separate those out experimentally. And some things happen so quickly or so slowly that you may physically never be able to measure them. But as mathematicians, we have the power to zoom in on any subsystem in any timescale and simulate effects of interventions that take place in any timescale.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
immune cells 7
mathematical modeling 5
cancer cells 2
immune system 2
completely safe 2
unleash numerous 2
numerous opportunities 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
unleash numerous opportunities 2

Important Words

  1. approaches
  2. assumptions
  3. causing
  4. complex
  5. control
  6. days
  7. describe
  8. difficult
  9. discrepancy
  10. ecosystem
  11. effects
  12. experimental
  13. experimentally
  14. extremely
  15. fill
  16. gap
  17. happen
  18. identified
  19. identifying
  20. informative
  21. interventions
  22. issue
  23. knowledge
  24. luckily
  25. mathematicians
  26. measure
  27. minutes
  28. model
  29. months
  30. moving
  31. newly
  32. parts
  33. physically
  34. place
  35. power
  36. processes
  37. quickly
  38. scale
  39. seconds
  40. separate
  41. simulate
  42. slowly
  43. subsystem
  44. theoretical
  45. timescale
  46. timescales
  47. years
  48. zoom