full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Grantly Galland and Raiana McKinney: Meet the bluefin tuna, the toughest fish in the sea

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Thanks to their warm bloodedness, their pworeful muscles, and their streamlined torpedo shape with fins that fold into grooves to reduce drag, bluefin tuna can reach speeds few other animals can match. Their maximum speed of 40 miles per hour is faster than that of a great white shark or orca whale, and even at their comfortable csinruig seepd, they can cross the Atlantic in a couple months. All this swimming rueeiqrs a great deal of oxygen, but the buelfin is adapted for this as well. The faster it swims, the more water passes over its gills, and the more oxygen it can asbrob from that water. This need for a constant flow of water means the tuna must always remain on the move. It also maens bluefin cannot suck prey into their mouths the way most other fhises do. Instead, they must cshae down their prey with their mouths open. They eat smaller prey than most predators their size, including siqud, crustaceans, and slalmer fish species like mackerel.

Open Cloze

Thanks to their warm bloodedness, their ________ muscles, and their streamlined torpedo shape with fins that fold into grooves to reduce drag, bluefin tuna can reach speeds few other animals can match. Their maximum speed of 40 miles per hour is faster than that of a great white shark or orca whale, and even at their comfortable ________ _____, they can cross the Atlantic in a couple months. All this swimming ________ a great deal of oxygen, but the _______ is adapted for this as well. The faster it swims, the more water passes over its gills, and the more oxygen it can ______ from that water. This need for a constant flow of water means the tuna must always remain on the move. It also _____ bluefin cannot suck prey into their mouths the way most other ______ do. Instead, they must _____ down their prey with their mouths open. They eat smaller prey than most predators their size, including _____, crustaceans, and _______ fish species like mackerel.

Solution

  1. smaller
  2. squid
  3. bluefin
  4. speed
  5. requires
  6. absorb
  7. chase
  8. fishes
  9. means
  10. powerful
  11. cruising

Original Text

Thanks to their warm bloodedness, their powerful muscles, and their streamlined torpedo shape with fins that fold into grooves to reduce drag, bluefin tuna can reach speeds few other animals can match. Their maximum speed of 40 miles per hour is faster than that of a great white shark or orca whale, and even at their comfortable cruising speed, they can cross the Atlantic in a couple months. All this swimming requires a great deal of oxygen, but the bluefin is adapted for this as well. The faster it swims, the more water passes over its gills, and the more oxygen it can absorb from that water. This need for a constant flow of water means the tuna must always remain on the move. It also means bluefin cannot suck prey into their mouths the way most other fishes do. Instead, they must chase down their prey with their mouths open. They eat smaller prey than most predators their size, including squid, crustaceans, and smaller fish species like mackerel.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
atlantic bluefin 5
bluefin tuna 3
body temperature 2
cold blood 2
spawning grounds 2

Important Words

  1. absorb
  2. adapted
  3. animals
  4. atlantic
  5. bloodedness
  6. bluefin
  7. chase
  8. comfortable
  9. constant
  10. couple
  11. cross
  12. cruising
  13. crustaceans
  14. deal
  15. drag
  16. eat
  17. faster
  18. fins
  19. fish
  20. fishes
  21. flow
  22. fold
  23. gills
  24. great
  25. grooves
  26. hour
  27. including
  28. mackerel
  29. match
  30. maximum
  31. means
  32. miles
  33. months
  34. mouths
  35. move
  36. muscles
  37. open
  38. orca
  39. oxygen
  40. passes
  41. powerful
  42. predators
  43. prey
  44. reach
  45. reduce
  46. remain
  47. requires
  48. shape
  49. shark
  50. size
  51. smaller
  52. species
  53. speed
  54. speeds
  55. squid
  56. streamlined
  57. suck
  58. swimming
  59. swims
  60. torpedo
  61. tuna
  62. warm
  63. water
  64. whale
  65. white