full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Eva Vertes: Meet the future of cancer research

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Some of my hypotheses are that when you first think about skeletal muscle, there's a lot of blood vessels going to sekteall muscle. And the first thing that makes me think is that blood vessels are like highways for the tumor cells. Tumor cells can travel through the blood vessels. And you think, the more highways there are in a tissue, the more likely it is to get cancer or to get metastases. So first of all I thought, you know, "Wouldn't it be favorable to cancer getting to skeletal muscle?" And as well, cancer tmorus require a process called angiogenesis, which is really, the tumor recruits the bolod vessels to itself to supply itself with nutrients so it can grow. Without angiogenesis, the tomur rmnieas the size of a pinopnit and it's not harmful. So angiogenesis is really a ctranel process to the poainehsgtes of cancer.

Open Cloze

Some of my hypotheses are that when you first think about skeletal muscle, there's a lot of blood vessels going to ________ muscle. And the first thing that makes me think is that blood vessels are like highways for the tumor cells. Tumor cells can travel through the blood vessels. And you think, the more highways there are in a tissue, the more likely it is to get cancer or to get metastases. So first of all I thought, you know, "Wouldn't it be favorable to cancer getting to skeletal muscle?" And as well, cancer ______ require a process called angiogenesis, which is really, the tumor recruits the _____ vessels to itself to supply itself with nutrients so it can grow. Without angiogenesis, the _____ _______ the size of a ________ and it's not harmful. So angiogenesis is really a _______ process to the ____________ of cancer.

Solution

  1. remains
  2. tumors
  3. central
  4. blood
  5. tumor
  6. skeletal
  7. pinpoint
  8. pathogenesis

Original Text

Some of my hypotheses are that when you first think about skeletal muscle, there's a lot of blood vessels going to skeletal muscle. And the first thing that makes me think is that blood vessels are like highways for the tumor cells. Tumor cells can travel through the blood vessels. And you think, the more highways there are in a tissue, the more likely it is to get cancer or to get metastases. So first of all I thought, you know, "Wouldn't it be favorable to cancer getting to skeletal muscle?" And as well, cancer tumors require a process called angiogenesis, which is really, the tumor recruits the blood vessels to itself to supply itself with nutrients so it can grow. Without angiogenesis, the tumor remains the size of a pinpoint and it's not harmful. So angiogenesis is really a central process to the pathogenesis of cancer.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
skeletal muscle 28
blood vessels 7
tumor cells 5
grand canyon 3
repair response 3
death camp 2
medical world 2
high school 2
big medical 2
heavy metals 2
nervous system 2
cancer stem 2
stem cells 2
cancer arises 2
lung tissue 2
terminally differentiated 2
brain cells 2
muscle cells 2
cell types 2

Important Words

  1. angiogenesis
  2. blood
  3. called
  4. cancer
  5. cells
  6. central
  7. favorable
  8. grow
  9. harmful
  10. highways
  11. hypotheses
  12. lot
  13. metastases
  14. muscle
  15. nutrients
  16. pathogenesis
  17. pinpoint
  18. process
  19. recruits
  20. remains
  21. require
  22. size
  23. skeletal
  24. supply
  25. thought
  26. tissue
  27. travel
  28. tumor
  29. tumors
  30. vessels