full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Yuval Noah Harari: Nationalism vs. globalism"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Previously, if you look at the trcoeajtry of the industrial revolution, when machines replaced humans in one type of work, the solution usually came from low-skill work in new lines of business. So you didn't need any more agricultural workers, so people moved to working in low-skill industrial jobs, and when this was taken away by more and more machines, people moved to low-skill seivrce jobs. Now, when people say there will be new jobs in the future, that humans can do better than AI, that humans can do better than robots, they usually think about high-skill jobs, like software engrinees dnginseig virtual worlds. Now, I don't see how an unemployed cashier from Wal-Mart rvneitens herself or himself at 50 as a designer of virtual worlds, and certainly I don't see how the miinlols of unemployed Bangladeshi textile wekrros will be able to do that. I mean, if they are going to do it, we need to start teaching the Bangladeshis today how to be srfaowte designers, and we are not doing it. So what will they do in 20 years?

Open Cloze

Previously, if you look at the __________ of the industrial revolution, when machines replaced humans in one type of work, the solution usually came from low-skill work in new lines of business. So you didn't need any more agricultural workers, so people moved to working in low-skill industrial jobs, and when this was taken away by more and more machines, people moved to low-skill _______ jobs. Now, when people say there will be new jobs in the future, that humans can do better than AI, that humans can do better than robots, they usually think about high-skill jobs, like software _________ _________ virtual worlds. Now, I don't see how an unemployed cashier from Wal-Mart _________ herself or himself at 50 as a designer of virtual worlds, and certainly I don't see how the ________ of unemployed Bangladeshi textile _______ will be able to do that. I mean, if they are going to do it, we need to start teaching the Bangladeshis today how to be ________ designers, and we are not doing it. So what will they do in 20 years?

Solution

  1. engineers
  2. software
  3. trajectory
  4. reinvents
  5. service
  6. millions
  7. workers
  8. designing

Original Text

Previously, if you look at the trajectory of the industrial revolution, when machines replaced humans in one type of work, the solution usually came from low-skill work in new lines of business. So you didn't need any more agricultural workers, so people moved to working in low-skill industrial jobs, and when this was taken away by more and more machines, people moved to low-skill service jobs. Now, when people say there will be new jobs in the future, that humans can do better than AI, that humans can do better than robots, they usually think about high-skill jobs, like software engineers designing virtual worlds. Now, I don't see how an unemployed cashier from Wal-Mart reinvents herself or himself at 50 as a designer of virtual worlds, and certainly I don't see how the millions of unemployed Bangladeshi textile workers will be able to do that. I mean, if they are going to do it, we need to start teaching the Bangladeshis today how to be software designers, and we are not doing it. So what will they do in 20 years?

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
climate change 13
homo sapiens 10
global governance 10
ynh yeah 8
political system 8
basic income 7
post truth 5
fake news 5
technological disruption 4
world war 4
ted dialogues 3
homo deus 3
artificial intelligence 3
job market 3
global level 3
job loss 3
tiny elite 3
nuclear weapons 3
laughter ynh 3
virtual worlds 3
sentient beings 3
gain control 3

Important Words

  1. agricultural
  2. ai
  3. bangladeshi
  4. bangladeshis
  5. business
  6. cashier
  7. designer
  8. designers
  9. designing
  10. engineers
  11. future
  12. humans
  13. industrial
  14. jobs
  15. lines
  16. machines
  17. millions
  18. moved
  19. people
  20. previously
  21. reinvents
  22. replaced
  23. revolution
  24. robots
  25. service
  26. software
  27. solution
  28. start
  29. teaching
  30. textile
  31. today
  32. trajectory
  33. type
  34. unemployed
  35. virtual
  36. work
  37. workers
  38. working
  39. worlds
  40. years