full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Emma Marris: Nature is everywhere -- we just need to learn to see it

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, let's just take ntroh America, for example, since that's where we're meeting. So between about 15,000 years ago when people first came here, they started a process of interacting with the nature that led to the extinction of a big slew of large-bodied animals, from the mastodon to the giant ground solth, saber-toothed cats, all of these cool animals that unfortunately are no longer with us. And when those animals went extinct, you know, the ecosystems didn't stand still. Massive ripple effects cgehnad grasslands into fsrtoes, changed the composition of forest from one tree to another. So even in these Edens, even in these perfect-looking places that seem to rnmied us of a past before humans, we're essentially looking at a humanized landscape. Not just these psiohrrietc humans, but historical humans, indigenous people all the way up until the moment when the first colonizers showed up. And the case is the same for the other continents as well. hanmus have just been involved in nrtuae in a very influential way for a very long time.

Open Cloze

Now, let's just take _____ America, for example, since that's where we're meeting. So between about 15,000 years ago when people first came here, they started a process of interacting with the nature that led to the extinction of a big slew of large-bodied animals, from the mastodon to the giant ground _____, saber-toothed cats, all of these cool animals that unfortunately are no longer with us. And when those animals went extinct, you know, the ecosystems didn't stand still. Massive ripple effects _______ grasslands into _______, changed the composition of forest from one tree to another. So even in these Edens, even in these perfect-looking places that seem to ______ us of a past before humans, we're essentially looking at a humanized landscape. Not just these ___________ humans, but historical humans, indigenous people all the way up until the moment when the first colonizers showed up. And the case is the same for the other continents as well. ______ have just been involved in ______ in a very influential way for a very long time.

Solution

  1. nature
  2. sloth
  3. humans
  4. remind
  5. prehistoric
  6. changed
  7. north
  8. forests

Original Text

Now, let's just take North America, for example, since that's where we're meeting. So between about 15,000 years ago when people first came here, they started a process of interacting with the nature that led to the extinction of a big slew of large-bodied animals, from the mastodon to the giant ground sloth, saber-toothed cats, all of these cool animals that unfortunately are no longer with us. And when those animals went extinct, you know, the ecosystems didn't stand still. Massive ripple effects changed grasslands into forests, changed the composition of forest from one tree to another. So even in these Edens, even in these perfect-looking places that seem to remind us of a past before humans, we're essentially looking at a humanized landscape. Not just these prehistoric humans, but historical humans, indigenous people all the way up until the moment when the first colonizers showed up. And the case is the same for the other continents as well. Humans have just been involved in nature in a very influential way for a very long time.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
define nature 3
empty lot 3
white bark 3
bark pine 3
human influence 2
climate change 2
people live 2
tropical forests 2
plant species 2
completely wild 2
national parks 2
high line 2
fort theory 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
white bark pine 3

Important Words

  1. america
  2. animals
  3. big
  4. case
  5. cats
  6. changed
  7. colonizers
  8. composition
  9. continents
  10. cool
  11. ecosystems
  12. edens
  13. effects
  14. essentially
  15. extinct
  16. extinction
  17. forest
  18. forests
  19. giant
  20. grasslands
  21. ground
  22. historical
  23. humanized
  24. humans
  25. indigenous
  26. influential
  27. interacting
  28. involved
  29. landscape
  30. led
  31. long
  32. longer
  33. massive
  34. mastodon
  35. meeting
  36. moment
  37. nature
  38. north
  39. people
  40. places
  41. prehistoric
  42. process
  43. remind
  44. ripple
  45. showed
  46. slew
  47. sloth
  48. stand
  49. started
  50. time
  51. tree
  52. years