full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Joshua Smith: New nanotech to detect cancer early"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Once thought to be little bins for unwanted cellular waste, it has been found that cells actually communicate by producing and absorbing these exosomes which contain surface receptors, piontres and other genetic material collected from their cell of origin. When absorbed by a neighboring cell, eeomsxos release their centntos into the receiving cell, and can set in motion fundamental changes in gene expression — some good, and this is where cancer comes in, some bad. Because they are clothed in the material of the mother cell, and contain a sample of its environment, they poidrve a genetic snapshot of that cell's health and its origin. All of these qualities make exosomes invaluable messengers that potentially allow physicians to eeodarvsp on your health at the cellular leevl.

Open Cloze

Once thought to be little bins for unwanted cellular waste, it has been found that cells actually communicate by producing and absorbing these exosomes which contain surface receptors, ________ and other genetic material collected from their cell of origin. When absorbed by a neighboring cell, ________ release their ________ into the receiving cell, and can set in motion fundamental changes in gene expression — some good, and this is where cancer comes in, some bad. Because they are clothed in the material of the mother cell, and contain a sample of its environment, they _______ a genetic snapshot of that cell's health and its origin. All of these qualities make exosomes invaluable messengers that potentially allow physicians to _________ on your health at the cellular _____.

Solution

  1. eavesdrop
  2. level
  3. provide
  4. proteins
  5. exosomes
  6. contents

Original Text

Once thought to be little bins for unwanted cellular waste, it has been found that cells actually communicate by producing and absorbing these exosomes which contain surface receptors, proteins and other genetic material collected from their cell of origin. When absorbed by a neighboring cell, exosomes release their contents into the receiving cell, and can set in motion fundamental changes in gene expression — some good, and this is where cancer comes in, some bad. Because they are clothed in the material of the mother cell, and contain a sample of its environment, they provide a genetic snapshot of that cell's health and its origin. All of these qualities make exosomes invaluable messengers that potentially allow physicians to eavesdrop on your health at the cellular level.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
early stage 6
regular screening 5
early warning 5
stage cancer 4
exosome isolation 4
cancer early 4
breast cancer 4
cancer diagnostics 3
cancer diagnosis 3
automated exosome 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
early stage cancer 4
automated exosome isolation 3

Important Words

  1. absorbed
  2. absorbing
  3. bad
  4. bins
  5. cancer
  6. cell
  7. cells
  8. cellular
  9. clothed
  10. collected
  11. communicate
  12. contents
  13. eavesdrop
  14. environment
  15. exosomes
  16. expression
  17. fundamental
  18. gene
  19. genetic
  20. good
  21. health
  22. invaluable
  23. level
  24. material
  25. messengers
  26. mother
  27. motion
  28. neighboring
  29. origin
  30. physicians
  31. potentially
  32. producing
  33. proteins
  34. provide
  35. qualities
  36. receiving
  37. receptors
  38. release
  39. sample
  40. set
  41. snapshot
  42. surface
  43. thought
  44. unwanted
  45. waste