full transcript

From the Ted Talk by R.A. Mashelkar: Breakthrough designs for ultra-low-cost products

Unscramble the Blue Letters

How did this great story unfold, the making of Nano? Let me tell you a bit about it. For example, how we started: Ratan just began with a five-engineer team, young people in their mid-twenties. And he said, "Well, I won't dfneie the vehicle for you, but I will define the cost for you. It is one lakh, 100,000 rupees, and you are to make it within that." And he told them, "Question the unquestionable. setrcth the envelope." And at a point in time, he got so engrossed in the whole challenge, that he himself became a mmbeer of the team. Can you believe it? I still am told about this story of that signle wiper design in which he peictiatrapd. Until midnight, he'd be thinking. Early mrnonig he'll be coming back with sort of solutions. But who was the team leedar? The team leader was Girish Wagh, a 34 year-old boy in [unclear]. And the Nano team avragee age was just 27 years.

Open Cloze

How did this great story unfold, the making of Nano? Let me tell you a bit about it. For example, how we started: Ratan just began with a five-engineer team, young people in their mid-twenties. And he said, "Well, I won't ______ the vehicle for you, but I will define the cost for you. It is one lakh, 100,000 rupees, and you are to make it within that." And he told them, "Question the unquestionable. _______ the envelope." And at a point in time, he got so engrossed in the whole challenge, that he himself became a ______ of the team. Can you believe it? I still am told about this story of that ______ wiper design in which he ____________. Until midnight, he'd be thinking. Early _______ he'll be coming back with sort of solutions. But who was the team ______? The team leader was Girish Wagh, a 34 year-old boy in [unclear]. And the Nano team _______ age was just 27 years.

Solution

  1. single
  2. leader
  3. stretch
  4. member
  5. average
  6. morning
  7. participated
  8. define

Original Text

How did this great story unfold, the making of Nano? Let me tell you a bit about it. For example, how we started: Ratan just began with a five-engineer team, young people in their mid-twenties. And he said, "Well, I won't define the vehicle for you, but I will define the cost for you. It is one lakh, 100,000 rupees, and you are to make it within that." And he told them, "Question the unquestionable. Stretch the envelope." And at a point in time, he got so engrossed in the whole challenge, that he himself became a member of the team. Can you believe it? I still am told about this story of that single wiper design in which he participated. Until midnight, he'd be thinking. Early morning he'll be coming back with sort of solutions. But who was the team leader? The team leader was Girish Wagh, a 34 year-old boy in [unclear]. And the Nano team average age was just 27 years.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
gandhian engineering 4
convex lens 4
million dollars 3
billion people 2
ratan tata 2
ample space 2
artificial foot 2
future generations 2
extreme affordability 2
focal length 2
lens leadership 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
convex lens leadership 2

Important Words

  1. age
  2. average
  3. began
  4. bit
  5. boy
  6. challenge
  7. coming
  8. cost
  9. define
  10. design
  11. early
  12. engrossed
  13. envelope
  14. girish
  15. great
  16. lakh
  17. leader
  18. making
  19. member
  20. midnight
  21. morning
  22. nano
  23. participated
  24. people
  25. point
  26. ratan
  27. rupees
  28. single
  29. solutions
  30. sort
  31. story
  32. stretch
  33. team
  34. thinking
  35. time
  36. told
  37. unclear
  38. unfold
  39. unquestionable
  40. vehicle
  41. wagh
  42. wiper
  43. years
  44. young