full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Greg Lynn: Organic algorithms in architecture

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So, what I thought I would birng up is another component that needs to be tohhgut of, whenever you think about nature, and that's basically the iieonnvtn of generic form in genetic evolution. My hero is actually not Darwin; it's a guy nmead willaim Bateson, fhtear of Greg Bateson, who was here for a long time in Monterey. And he was what you'd call a teratologist: he looked at all of the monstrosities and mutations to find rules and laws, rather than looking at the norms. So, instead of trying to find the ideal type or the ideal agearve, he'd always look for the exception. So, in this example, which is an example of what's called Bateson's Rule, he has two kinds of mutations of a hmaun thumb. When I first saw this igame, 10 years ago, I actually found it very strange and beautiful at the same time. Beautiful, because it has symmetry. So, what he found is that in all cases of thumb mutations, instead of having a thumb, you would either get another opposable thumb, or you would get four figrnes. So, the mutations reverted to symmetry. And Bateson invented the cocepnt of symmetry breaking, which is that wherever you lose information in a system, you rrevet back to symmetry. So, symmetry wasn't the sign of oerdr and organization — which is what I was always understanding, and as is an architect — symmetry was the absence of information. So, whenever you lost information, you'd move to symmetry; whenever you added information to a system, you would break symmetry. So, this whole idea of natural form shifted at that moment from looking for ideal shapes to looking for a combination of iomnrfotain and greeinc form.

Open Cloze

So, what I thought I would _____ up is another component that needs to be _______ of, whenever you think about nature, and that's basically the _________ of generic form in genetic evolution. My hero is actually not Darwin; it's a guy _____ _______ Bateson, ______ of Greg Bateson, who was here for a long time in Monterey. And he was what you'd call a teratologist: he looked at all of the monstrosities and mutations to find rules and laws, rather than looking at the norms. So, instead of trying to find the ideal type or the ideal _______, he'd always look for the exception. So, in this example, which is an example of what's called Bateson's Rule, he has two kinds of mutations of a _____ thumb. When I first saw this _____, 10 years ago, I actually found it very strange and beautiful at the same time. Beautiful, because it has symmetry. So, what he found is that in all cases of thumb mutations, instead of having a thumb, you would either get another opposable thumb, or you would get four _______. So, the mutations reverted to symmetry. And Bateson invented the _______ of symmetry breaking, which is that wherever you lose information in a system, you ______ back to symmetry. So, symmetry wasn't the sign of _____ and organization — which is what I was always understanding, and as is an architect — symmetry was the absence of information. So, whenever you lost information, you'd move to symmetry; whenever you added information to a system, you would break symmetry. So, this whole idea of natural form shifted at that moment from looking for ideal shapes to looking for a combination of ___________ and _______ form.

Solution

  1. invention
  2. information
  3. generic
  4. named
  5. human
  6. concept
  7. average
  8. thought
  9. revert
  10. fingers
  11. william
  12. image
  13. order
  14. father
  15. bring

Original Text

So, what I thought I would bring up is another component that needs to be thought of, whenever you think about nature, and that's basically the invention of generic form in genetic evolution. My hero is actually not Darwin; it's a guy named William Bateson, father of Greg Bateson, who was here for a long time in Monterey. And he was what you'd call a teratologist: he looked at all of the monstrosities and mutations to find rules and laws, rather than looking at the norms. So, instead of trying to find the ideal type or the ideal average, he'd always look for the exception. So, in this example, which is an example of what's called Bateson's Rule, he has two kinds of mutations of a human thumb. When I first saw this image, 10 years ago, I actually found it very strange and beautiful at the same time. Beautiful, because it has symmetry. So, what he found is that in all cases of thumb mutations, instead of having a thumb, you would either get another opposable thumb, or you would get four fingers. So, the mutations reverted to symmetry. And Bateson invented the concept of symmetry breaking, which is that wherever you lose information in a system, you revert back to symmetry. So, symmetry wasn't the sign of order and organization — which is what I was always understanding, and as is an architect — symmetry was the absence of information. So, whenever you lost information, you'd move to symmetry; whenever you added information to a system, you would break symmetry. So, this whole idea of natural form shifted at that moment from looking for ideal shapes to looking for a combination of information and generic form.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
person paying 3
decimal point 2
natural form 2
hanging chain 2
foam bubble 2
generic form 2
structural steel 2
housing project 2
world trade 2
trade center 2
center site 2
single system 2
building elements 2
decorative effects 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
world trade center 2
trade center site 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
world trade center site 2

Important Words

  1. absence
  2. added
  3. architect
  4. average
  5. basically
  6. bateson
  7. beautiful
  8. break
  9. breaking
  10. bring
  11. call
  12. called
  13. cases
  14. combination
  15. component
  16. concept
  17. evolution
  18. exception
  19. father
  20. find
  21. fingers
  22. form
  23. generic
  24. genetic
  25. greg
  26. guy
  27. hero
  28. human
  29. idea
  30. ideal
  31. image
  32. information
  33. invented
  34. invention
  35. kinds
  36. laws
  37. long
  38. looked
  39. lose
  40. lost
  41. moment
  42. monstrosities
  43. monterey
  44. move
  45. mutations
  46. named
  47. natural
  48. nature
  49. norms
  50. opposable
  51. order
  52. organization
  53. revert
  54. reverted
  55. rule
  56. rules
  57. shapes
  58. shifted
  59. sign
  60. strange
  61. symmetry
  62. system
  63. thought
  64. thumb
  65. time
  66. type
  67. understanding
  68. william
  69. years