full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alice Rawsthorn: Pirates, nurses and other rebel designers

Unscramble the Blue Letters

At the time, all weapons were made by hand to different sitiiaofccpens. So if an archer ran out of aworrs during a battle, they wouldn't necessarily be able to fire another archer's arrows from their bow. This of course meant that they would be less etcfivfee in combat and very vulnerable, too. Ying solved this problem by insisting that all bows and arrows were designed identically, so they were interchangeable. And he did the same for daggers, axes, srapes, shields and every other form of weaponry. His formidably equipped army won batter after btlate, and within 15 years, his tiny kingdom had succeeded in conquering all its lraegr, richer, more powerful neighbors, to found the mhigty Chinese Empire.

Open Cloze

At the time, all weapons were made by hand to different ______________. So if an archer ran out of ______ during a battle, they wouldn't necessarily be able to fire another archer's arrows from their bow. This of course meant that they would be less _________ in combat and very vulnerable, too. Ying solved this problem by insisting that all bows and arrows were designed identically, so they were interchangeable. And he did the same for daggers, axes, ______, shields and every other form of weaponry. His formidably equipped army won batter after ______, and within 15 years, his tiny kingdom had succeeded in conquering all its ______, richer, more powerful neighbors, to found the ______ Chinese Empire.

Solution

  1. effective
  2. spears
  3. arrows
  4. battle
  5. larger
  6. mighty
  7. specifications

Original Text

At the time, all weapons were made by hand to different specifications. So if an archer ran out of arrows during a battle, they wouldn't necessarily be able to fire another archer's arrows from their bow. This of course meant that they would be less effective in combat and very vulnerable, too. Ying solved this problem by insisting that all bows and arrows were designed identically, so they were interchangeable. And he did the same for daggers, axes, spears, shields and every other form of weaponry. His formidably equipped army won batter after battle, and within 15 years, his tiny kingdom had succeeded in conquering all its larger, richer, more powerful neighbors, to found the mighty Chinese Empire.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
ying zheng 2
edward teach 2
deadly symbol 2
professional designers 2
arthur zang 2

Important Words

  1. archer
  2. army
  3. arrows
  4. axes
  5. batter
  6. battle
  7. bow
  8. bows
  9. chinese
  10. combat
  11. conquering
  12. daggers
  13. designed
  14. effective
  15. empire
  16. equipped
  17. fire
  18. form
  19. formidably
  20. hand
  21. identically
  22. insisting
  23. interchangeable
  24. kingdom
  25. larger
  26. meant
  27. mighty
  28. necessarily
  29. neighbors
  30. powerful
  31. problem
  32. ran
  33. richer
  34. shields
  35. solved
  36. spears
  37. specifications
  38. succeeded
  39. time
  40. tiny
  41. vulnerable
  42. weaponry
  43. weapons
  44. won
  45. years
  46. ying