full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Ellen 't Hoen: Pool medical patents, save lives

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Nelson decided to become a treatment activist and join up with other groups. In 2002, they were facing a different battle. Prices for ARVs, the drugs ndeeed to treat HIV, cost about 12,000 [dollars] per patient per year. The patents on those drugs were held by a number of Western pharmaceutical companies that were not necessarily willing to make those pnatets available. When you have a patent, you can exclude anyone else from minakg, from producing or making low-cost vnsoires, for example, available of those medications. Clearly this led to patent wars breaking out all over the goble.

Open Cloze

Nelson decided to become a treatment activist and join up with other groups. In 2002, they were facing a different battle. Prices for ARVs, the drugs ______ to treat HIV, cost about 12,000 [dollars] per patient per year. The patents on those drugs were held by a number of Western pharmaceutical companies that were not necessarily willing to make those _______ available. When you have a patent, you can exclude anyone else from ______, from producing or making low-cost ________, for example, available of those medications. Clearly this led to patent wars breaking out all over the _____.

Solution

  1. globe
  2. needed
  3. making
  4. versions
  5. patents

Original Text

Nelson decided to become a treatment activist and join up with other groups. In 2002, they were facing a different battle. Prices for ARVs, the drugs needed to treat HIV, cost about 12,000 [dollars] per patient per year. The patents on those drugs were held by a number of Western pharmaceutical companies that were not necessarily willing to make those patents available. When you have a patent, you can exclude anyone else from making, from producing or making low-cost versions, for example, available of those medications. Clearly this led to patent wars breaking out all over the globe.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
patent pool 10
medicines patent 10
antiretroviral drugs 4
pharmaceutical companies 3
intellectual property 3
generic manufacturers 3
patent holders 2
treatment programs 2
stop dying 2
world trade 2
airplane patent 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
medicines patent pool 8

Important Words

  1. activist
  2. arvs
  3. battle
  4. breaking
  5. companies
  6. cost
  7. decided
  8. dollars
  9. drugs
  10. exclude
  11. facing
  12. globe
  13. groups
  14. held
  15. hiv
  16. join
  17. led
  18. making
  19. medications
  20. necessarily
  21. needed
  22. nelson
  23. number
  24. patent
  25. patents
  26. patient
  27. pharmaceutical
  28. prices
  29. producing
  30. treat
  31. treatment
  32. versions
  33. wars
  34. western
  35. year