full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Anthony Atala: Printing a human kidney

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But we now have better ways to create these structures with the cells. We use now some type of tehenoiolcgs, where for soild organs, for example, like the liver, what we do is we take discard livers. As you know, a lot of ongars are actually discarded, not used. So we can take these liver structures, which are not going to be used, and we then put them in a washing machine-like scuurtrte that will allow the cells to be wehsad away. Two weeks later, you have something that looks like a liver. You can hold it like a liver, but it has no cells; it's just a skeleton of the liver. And we then can re-perfuse the liver with cells, preserving the blood vessel tree. So we actually perfuse first the blood vessel tree with the patient's own blood vessel cells, and we then infiltrate the parenchyma with the liver cells. And we now have been able just to show the creation of human lievr tissue just this past month using this technology.

Open Cloze

But we now have better ways to create these structures with the cells. We use now some type of ____________, where for _____ organs, for example, like the liver, what we do is we take discard livers. As you know, a lot of ______ are actually discarded, not used. So we can take these liver structures, which are not going to be used, and we then put them in a washing machine-like _________ that will allow the cells to be ______ away. Two weeks later, you have something that looks like a liver. You can hold it like a liver, but it has no cells; it's just a skeleton of the liver. And we then can re-perfuse the liver with cells, preserving the blood vessel tree. So we actually perfuse first the blood vessel tree with the patient's own blood vessel cells, and we then infiltrate the parenchyma with the liver cells. And we now have been able just to show the creation of human _____ tissue just this past month using this technology.

Solution

  1. technologies
  2. structure
  3. solid
  4. liver
  5. washed
  6. organs

Original Text

But we now have better ways to create these structures with the cells. We use now some type of technologies, where for solid organs, for example, like the liver, what we do is we take discard livers. As you know, a lot of organs are actually discarded, not used. So we can take these liver structures, which are not going to be used, and we then put them in a washing machine-like structure that will allow the cells to be washed away. Two weeks later, you have something that looks like a liver. You can hold it like a liver, but it has no cells; it's just a skeleton of the liver. And we then can re-perfuse the liver with cells, preserving the blood vessel tree. So we actually perfuse first the blood vessel tree with the patient's own blood vessel cells, and we then infiltrate the parenchyma with the liver cells. And we now have been able just to show the creation of human liver tissue just this past month using this technology.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

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stem cells 3
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health crisis 2
charles lindbergh 2
cotton candy 2
start beating 2
small piece 2
postage stamp 2
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actual printer 2
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ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
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Important Words

  1. blood
  2. cells
  3. create
  4. creation
  5. discard
  6. discarded
  7. hold
  8. human
  9. infiltrate
  10. liver
  11. livers
  12. lot
  13. month
  14. organs
  15. parenchyma
  16. perfuse
  17. preserving
  18. put
  19. show
  20. skeleton
  21. solid
  22. structure
  23. structures
  24. technologies
  25. technology
  26. tissue
  27. tree
  28. type
  29. vessel
  30. washed
  31. washing
  32. ways
  33. weeks