full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Tal Danino: Programming bacteria to detect cancer (and maybe treat it)"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, the diagram that you see here, I know it looks like some kind of sports play, but it is actually a blueprint of the first bacterial program I developed. And like writing software, we can print and write DNA into different algorithms and programs inside of bacteria. What this program does is pocdreus fluorescent proteins in a rhythmic fashion and geenreats a small molecule that allows bacteria to cuconmiatme and snnrcioyhze, as you're seeing in this movie. The growing colony of bacteria that you see here is about the width of a hmuan hair. Now, what you can't see is that our genetic program instructs these bacteria to each produce salml molecules, and these melecuols travel between the thousands of iaudvidnil bacteria tellnig them when to turn on and off. And the bacteria synchronize quite well at this scale, but because the molecule that synchronizes them together can only travel so fast, in larger coilones of bacteria, this results in traveling waves between bacteria that are far away from each other, and you can see these waves going from right to left across the screen.

Open Cloze

Now, the diagram that you see here, I know it looks like some kind of sports play, but it is actually a blueprint of the first bacterial program I developed. And like writing software, we can print and write DNA into different algorithms and programs inside of bacteria. What this program does is ________ fluorescent proteins in a rhythmic fashion and _________ a small molecule that allows bacteria to ___________ and ___________, as you're seeing in this movie. The growing colony of bacteria that you see here is about the width of a _____ hair. Now, what you can't see is that our genetic program instructs these bacteria to each produce _____ molecules, and these _________ travel between the thousands of __________ bacteria _______ them when to turn on and off. And the bacteria synchronize quite well at this scale, but because the molecule that synchronizes them together can only travel so fast, in larger ________ of bacteria, this results in traveling waves between bacteria that are far away from each other, and you can see these waves going from right to left across the screen.

Solution

  1. generates
  2. produces
  3. communicate
  4. synchronize
  5. individual
  6. human
  7. telling
  8. small
  9. colonies
  10. molecules

Original Text

Now, the diagram that you see here, I know it looks like some kind of sports play, but it is actually a blueprint of the first bacterial program I developed. And like writing software, we can print and write DNA into different algorithms and programs inside of bacteria. What this program does is produces fluorescent proteins in a rhythmic fashion and generates a small molecule that allows bacteria to communicate and synchronize, as you're seeing in this movie. The growing colony of bacteria that you see here is about the width of a human hair. Now, what you can't see is that our genetic program instructs these bacteria to each produce small molecules, and these molecules travel between the thousands of individual bacteria telling them when to turn on and off. And the bacteria synchronize quite well at this scale, but because the molecule that synchronizes them together can only travel so fast, in larger colonies of bacteria, this results in traveling waves between bacteria that are far away from each other, and you can see these waves going from right to left across the screen.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
quorum sensing 3
genetic program 3

Important Words

  1. algorithms
  2. bacteria
  3. bacterial
  4. blueprint
  5. colonies
  6. colony
  7. communicate
  8. developed
  9. diagram
  10. dna
  11. fashion
  12. fast
  13. fluorescent
  14. generates
  15. genetic
  16. growing
  17. hair
  18. human
  19. individual
  20. instructs
  21. kind
  22. larger
  23. left
  24. molecule
  25. molecules
  26. movie
  27. play
  28. print
  29. produce
  30. produces
  31. program
  32. programs
  33. proteins
  34. results
  35. rhythmic
  36. scale
  37. screen
  38. small
  39. software
  40. sports
  41. synchronize
  42. synchronizes
  43. telling
  44. thousands
  45. travel
  46. traveling
  47. turn
  48. waves
  49. width
  50. write
  51. writing