full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Nicolas Perony: Puppies! Now that I’ve got your attention, complexity theory

Unscramble the Blue Letters

And you may be asking yourself which side I'm on, biology or phcysis? In fact, it's a little different, and to explain, I need to tell you a short story about myself. When I was a child, I loved to build stuff, to create ctmcilpaeod machines. So I set out to study electrical engineering and rocotibs, and my end-of-studies project was about building a robot called ER-1 — it looked like this— that would ccolelt information from its environment and proceed to floolw a white line on the ground. It was very, very complicated, but it worked beautifully in our test room, and on demo day, pososrfres had assembled to grade the project. So we took ER-1 to the evaluation room. It turned out, the light in that room was slightly different. The robot's vision system got confused. At the first bend in the line, it left its course, and crashed into a wall. We had spent weeks building it, and all it took to destroy it was a subtle chnage in the cloor of the light in the room. That's when I realized that the more complicated you make a machine, the more likely that it will fail due to something absolutely unexpected. And I decided that, in fact, I didn't really want to certae complicated stuff. I wtenad to understand cleompxity, the complexity of the world around us and especially in the animal kingdom.

Open Cloze

And you may be asking yourself which side I'm on, biology or _______? In fact, it's a little different, and to explain, I need to tell you a short story about myself. When I was a child, I loved to build stuff, to create ___________ machines. So I set out to study electrical engineering and ________, and my end-of-studies project was about building a robot called ER-1 — it looked like this— that would _______ information from its environment and proceed to ______ a white line on the ground. It was very, very complicated, but it worked beautifully in our test room, and on demo day, __________ had assembled to grade the project. So we took ER-1 to the evaluation room. It turned out, the light in that room was slightly different. The robot's vision system got confused. At the first bend in the line, it left its course, and crashed into a wall. We had spent weeks building it, and all it took to destroy it was a subtle ______ in the _____ of the light in the room. That's when I realized that the more complicated you make a machine, the more likely that it will fail due to something absolutely unexpected. And I decided that, in fact, I didn't really want to ______ complicated stuff. I ______ to understand __________, the complexity of the world around us and especially in the animal kingdom.

Solution

  1. follow
  2. collect
  3. change
  4. wanted
  5. robotics
  6. physics
  7. create
  8. complexity
  9. complicated
  10. professors
  11. color

Original Text

And you may be asking yourself which side I'm on, biology or physics? In fact, it's a little different, and to explain, I need to tell you a short story about myself. When I was a child, I loved to build stuff, to create complicated machines. So I set out to study electrical engineering and robotics, and my end-of-studies project was about building a robot called ER-1 — it looked like this— that would collect information from its environment and proceed to follow a white line on the ground. It was very, very complicated, but it worked beautifully in our test room, and on demo day, professors had assembled to grade the project. So we took ER-1 to the evaluation room. It turned out, the light in that room was slightly different. The robot's vision system got confused. At the first bend in the line, it left its course, and crashed into a wall. We had spent weeks building it, and all it took to destroy it was a subtle change in the color of the light in the room. That's when I realized that the more complicated you make a machine, the more likely that it will fail due to something absolutely unexpected. And I decided that, in fact, I didn't really want to create complicated stuff. I wanted to understand complexity, the complexity of the world around us and especially in the animal kingdom.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
social structure 4
dominant female 4
social complexity 3
extraordinary social 2
complex system 2
complex systems 2
individual rules 2
simple rules 2
create complicated 2
bat colony 2
great start 2

Important Words

  1. absolutely
  2. animal
  3. assembled
  4. beautifully
  5. bend
  6. biology
  7. build
  8. building
  9. called
  10. change
  11. child
  12. collect
  13. color
  14. complexity
  15. complicated
  16. confused
  17. crashed
  18. create
  19. day
  20. decided
  21. demo
  22. destroy
  23. due
  24. electrical
  25. engineering
  26. environment
  27. evaluation
  28. explain
  29. fact
  30. fail
  31. follow
  32. grade
  33. ground
  34. information
  35. kingdom
  36. left
  37. light
  38. line
  39. looked
  40. loved
  41. machine
  42. machines
  43. physics
  44. proceed
  45. professors
  46. project
  47. realized
  48. robot
  49. robotics
  50. room
  51. set
  52. short
  53. side
  54. slightly
  55. spent
  56. story
  57. study
  58. stuff
  59. subtle
  60. system
  61. test
  62. turned
  63. understand
  64. unexpected
  65. vision
  66. wall
  67. wanted
  68. weeks
  69. white
  70. worked
  71. world