full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Stephen Hawking: Questioning the universe

Unscramble the Blue Letters

We have made good progress on the first part, and now have the knowledge of the laws of evolution in all but the most extreme conditions. But until recently, we have had little idea about the initial conditions for the universe. However, this division into laws of evolution and initial conditions depends on time and space being saaprete and distinct. Under etmxree ctdoninios, general relativity and quantum theory allow time to behave like another dimension of space. This removes the distinction between time and space, and maens the laws of eivuotoln can also determine the initial sttae. The universe can sslntoneoaupy create itself out of nothing.

Open Cloze

We have made good progress on the first part, and now have the knowledge of the laws of evolution in all but the most extreme conditions. But until recently, we have had little idea about the initial conditions for the universe. However, this division into laws of evolution and initial conditions depends on time and space being ________ and distinct. Under _______ __________, general relativity and quantum theory allow time to behave like another dimension of space. This removes the distinction between time and space, and _____ the laws of _________ can also determine the initial _____. The universe can _____________ create itself out of nothing.

Solution

  1. means
  2. conditions
  3. evolution
  4. separate
  5. spontaneously
  6. state
  7. extreme

Original Text

We have made good progress on the first part, and now have the knowledge of the laws of evolution in all but the most extreme conditions. But until recently, we have had little idea about the initial conditions for the universe. However, this division into laws of evolution and initial conditions depends on time and space being separate and distinct. Under extreme conditions, general relativity and quantum theory allow time to behave like another dimension of space. This removes the distinction between time and space, and means the laws of evolution can also determine the initial state. The universe can spontaneously create itself out of nothing.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
billion years 6
general relativity 2
initial state 2
good progress 2
initial conditions 2
life appearing 2

Important Words

  1. behave
  2. conditions
  3. create
  4. depends
  5. determine
  6. dimension
  7. distinct
  8. distinction
  9. division
  10. evolution
  11. extreme
  12. general
  13. good
  14. idea
  15. initial
  16. knowledge
  17. laws
  18. means
  19. part
  20. progress
  21. quantum
  22. relativity
  23. removes
  24. separate
  25. space
  26. spontaneously
  27. state
  28. theory
  29. time
  30. universe