full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Gero Miesenboeck: Re-engineering the brain

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Through many such eexneirptms, we were able to narrow down the identity of the Critic to just 12 cells. These 12 cells, as shown here in geern, send the output to a brain structure called the "mushroom body," which is shown here in gray. We know from our formal model that the brain structure at the receiving end of the Critic's commentary is the Actor. So this aoamtny ssegtugs that the mushroom bodies have something to do with atiocn choice. Based on everything we know about the mushroom bodies, this makes perfect sense. In fact, it makes so much sense that we can construct an electronic toy circuit that simulates the behavior of the fly. In this eencltoric toy circuit, the mosohurm body nurones are symbolized by the veritacl bank of blue LEDs in the center of the board. These LED's are wired to sensors that detect the presence of odorous molecules in the air. Each odor avatciets a different caoomtinibn of sensors, which in turn activates a different odor detector in the mushroom body. So the pilot in the cockpit of the fly, the Actor, can tell which odor is pesenrt simply by looking at which of the blue LEDs lights up.

Open Cloze

Through many such ___________, we were able to narrow down the identity of the Critic to just 12 cells. These 12 cells, as shown here in _____, send the output to a brain structure called the "mushroom body," which is shown here in gray. We know from our formal model that the brain structure at the receiving end of the Critic's commentary is the Actor. So this _______ ________ that the mushroom bodies have something to do with ______ choice. Based on everything we know about the mushroom bodies, this makes perfect sense. In fact, it makes so much sense that we can construct an electronic toy circuit that simulates the behavior of the fly. In this __________ toy circuit, the ________ body _______ are symbolized by the ________ bank of blue LEDs in the center of the board. These LED's are wired to sensors that detect the presence of odorous molecules in the air. Each odor _________ a different ___________ of sensors, which in turn activates a different odor detector in the mushroom body. So the pilot in the cockpit of the fly, the Actor, can tell which odor is _______ simply by looking at which of the blue LEDs lights up.

Solution

  1. experiments
  2. activates
  3. mushroom
  4. neurons
  5. green
  6. suggests
  7. combination
  8. anatomy
  9. present
  10. action
  11. vertical
  12. electronic

Original Text

Through many such experiments, we were able to narrow down the identity of the Critic to just 12 cells. These 12 cells, as shown here in green, send the output to a brain structure called the "mushroom body," which is shown here in gray. We know from our formal model that the brain structure at the receiving end of the Critic's commentary is the Actor. So this anatomy suggests that the mushroom bodies have something to do with action choice. Based on everything we know about the mushroom bodies, this makes perfect sense. In fact, it makes so much sense that we can construct an electronic toy circuit that simulates the behavior of the fly. In this electronic toy circuit, the mushroom body neurons are symbolized by the vertical bank of blue LEDs in the center of the board. These LED's are wired to sensors that detect the presence of odorous molecules in the air. Each odor activates a different combination of sensors, which in turn activates a different odor detector in the mushroom body. So the pilot in the cockpit of the fly, the Actor, can tell which odor is present simply by looking at which of the blue LEDs lights up.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
nervous system 4
electrical current 3
nerve cell 2
electrical impulses 2
headless bodies 2
actor implements 2
brain structure 2
electronic toy 2
mushroom body 2
blue leds 2
odor detector 2

Important Words

  1. action
  2. activates
  3. actor
  4. air
  5. anatomy
  6. bank
  7. based
  8. behavior
  9. blue
  10. board
  11. bodies
  12. body
  13. brain
  14. called
  15. cells
  16. center
  17. choice
  18. circuit
  19. cockpit
  20. combination
  21. commentary
  22. construct
  23. critic
  24. detect
  25. detector
  26. electronic
  27. experiments
  28. fact
  29. fly
  30. formal
  31. gray
  32. green
  33. identity
  34. leds
  35. lights
  36. model
  37. molecules
  38. mushroom
  39. narrow
  40. neurons
  41. odor
  42. odorous
  43. output
  44. perfect
  45. pilot
  46. presence
  47. present
  48. receiving
  49. send
  50. sense
  51. sensors
  52. shown
  53. simply
  54. simulates
  55. structure
  56. suggests
  57. symbolized
  58. toy
  59. turn
  60. vertical
  61. wired