full transcript

From the Ted Talk by William Noel: Revealing the lost codex of Archimedes

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The first problem was a conservation problem. And this is the sort of thing that we had to deal with: There was glue on the snpie of the book. And if you look at this photograph carefully, the bottom half of this is rather bworn. And that glue is hide glue. Now if you're a conservator, you can take off this glue reasonably easily. The top half is Elmer's wood glue. It's piyvnolyl acettae emulsion that doesn't dissolve in water once it's dry. And it's much tougher than the pacrenhmt that it was written on. And so before we could start imaging Archimedes, we had to take this book apart. So it took four years to take apart. And this is a rare action shot, ldaeis and gentlemen.

Open Cloze

The first problem was a conservation problem. And this is the sort of thing that we had to deal with: There was glue on the _____ of the book. And if you look at this photograph carefully, the bottom half of this is rather _____. And that glue is hide glue. Now if you're a conservator, you can take off this glue reasonably easily. The top half is Elmer's wood glue. It's _________ _______ emulsion that doesn't dissolve in water once it's dry. And it's much tougher than the _________ that it was written on. And so before we could start imaging Archimedes, we had to take this book apart. So it took four years to take apart. And this is a rare action shot, ______ and gentlemen.

Solution

  1. ladies
  2. acetate
  3. polyvinyl
  4. spine
  5. brown
  6. parchment

Original Text

The first problem was a conservation problem. And this is the sort of thing that we had to deal with: There was glue on the spine of the book. And if you look at this photograph carefully, the bottom half of this is rather brown. And that glue is hide glue. Now if you're a conservator, you can take off this glue reasonably easily. The top half is Elmer's wood glue. It's polyvinyl acetate emulsion that doesn't dissolve in water once it's dry. And it's much tougher than the parchment that it was written on. And so before we could start imaging Archimedes, we had to take this book apart. So it took four years to take apart. And this is a rare action shot, ladies and gentlemen.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
prayer book 6
unique texts 3
archimedes manuscript 2
candle wax 2
archimedes text 2
fourth century 2
powerful light 2
light source 2
athenian law 2
law courts 2
medieval manuscripts 2
creative commons 2
commons license 2
walters art 2
art museum 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
powerful light source 2
athenian law courts 2
creative commons license 2
walters art museum 2

Important Words

  1. acetate
  2. action
  3. archimedes
  4. book
  5. bottom
  6. brown
  7. carefully
  8. conservation
  9. conservator
  10. deal
  11. dissolve
  12. dry
  13. easily
  14. emulsion
  15. gentlemen
  16. glue
  17. hide
  18. imaging
  19. ladies
  20. parchment
  21. photograph
  22. polyvinyl
  23. problem
  24. rare
  25. shot
  26. sort
  27. spine
  28. start
  29. top
  30. tougher
  31. water
  32. wood
  33. written
  34. years