full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Craig Venter: Sampling the ocean's DNA

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Less than 5,000 microbial species have been characterized as of two years ago, and so we dceedid to do something about it. And we started the Sorcerer II eetdxoipin, where we were, as with great oceanographic expeditions, trying to sample the ocean every 200 miles. We started in Bermuda for our test prjocet, then moved up to Halifax, working down the U.S. East Coast, the caabebirn Sea, the Panama Canal, through to the Galapagos, then across the Pacific, and we're in the process now of working our way across the Indian Ocean. It's very tuogh duty; we're doing this on a sailing veessl, in part to help excite young people about going into science. The experiments are incredibly simple. We just take seawater and we flteir it, and we collect different size organisms on different ftilres, and then take their DNA back to our lab in Rockville, where we can sequence a hundred million letters of the genetic code every 24 horus. And with doing this, we've made some amazing discoveries.

Open Cloze

Less than 5,000 microbial species have been characterized as of two years ago, and so we _______ to do something about it. And we started the Sorcerer II __________, where we were, as with great oceanographic expeditions, trying to sample the ocean every 200 miles. We started in Bermuda for our test _______, then moved up to Halifax, working down the U.S. East Coast, the _________ Sea, the Panama Canal, through to the Galapagos, then across the Pacific, and we're in the process now of working our way across the Indian Ocean. It's very _____ duty; we're doing this on a sailing ______, in part to help excite young people about going into science. The experiments are incredibly simple. We just take seawater and we ______ it, and we collect different size organisms on different _______, and then take their DNA back to our lab in Rockville, where we can sequence a hundred million letters of the genetic code every 24 _____. And with doing this, we've made some amazing discoveries.

Solution

  1. hours
  2. caribbean
  3. expedition
  4. filters
  5. tough
  6. project
  7. filter
  8. decided
  9. vessel

Original Text

Less than 5,000 microbial species have been characterized as of two years ago, and so we decided to do something about it. And we started the Sorcerer II Expedition, where we were, as with great oceanographic expeditions, trying to sample the ocean every 200 miles. We started in Bermuda for our test project, then moved up to Halifax, working down the U.S. East Coast, the Caribbean Sea, the Panama Canal, through to the Galapagos, then across the Pacific, and we're in the process now of working our way across the Indian Ocean. It's very tough duty; we're doing this on a sailing vessel, in part to help excite young people about going into science. The experiments are incredibly simple. We just take seawater and we filter it, and we collect different size organisms on different filters, and then take their DNA back to our lab in Rockville, where we can sequence a hundred million letters of the genetic code every 24 hours. And with doing this, we've made some amazing discoveries.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

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genetic code 4
million rads 3
genome project 2
sloan foundation 2
gene families 2
artificial chromosome 2
people immediately 2
designer viruses 2
biological warfare 2
literally blown 2
produce hydrogen 2

Important Words

  1. amazing
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  3. canal
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  5. characterized
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  7. code
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  10. discoveries
  11. dna
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  20. genetic
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  22. halifax
  23. hours
  24. ii
  25. incredibly
  26. indian
  27. lab
  28. letters
  29. microbial
  30. miles
  31. million
  32. moved
  33. ocean
  34. oceanographic
  35. organisms
  36. pacific
  37. panama
  38. part
  39. people
  40. process
  41. project
  42. rockville
  43. sailing
  44. sample
  45. science
  46. sea
  47. seawater
  48. sequence
  49. simple
  50. size
  51. sorcerer
  52. species
  53. started
  54. test
  55. tough
  56. vessel
  57. working
  58. years
  59. young