full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Iain Hutchison: Saving faces A facial surgeon's craft

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The face transplant has a role probably in burns patients to replace the skin. We can replace the underlying skeletal structure, but we're still not good at replacing the facial skin. So it's very valuable to have that tool in our armamentarium. But the patients are going to have to take drugs that suppress their immune system for the rest of their lives. What does that mean? They have an increased risk of ienitofcn, an increased risk of malignancy. This is not a life-saving transplant — like a heart, or liver, or lung transplant — it is a quality-of-life transplant, and as a result, are the pianttes going to say, if they get a mglnaniat cancer 10 or 15 years on, "I wish I'd had cennnootvial reconstructive techniques rather than this because I'm now dniyg of a malignant cancer"? We don't know yet. We also don't know what they feel about recognition and identity. berrnad Devauchelle and Sylvie Testelin, who did the first operation, are sdituyng that. Donors are going to be short on the gnuord, because how many plpeoe want to have their loved one's face removed at the point of death? So there are going to be problems with face ttstanipnraoaln.

Open Cloze

The face transplant has a role probably in burns patients to replace the skin. We can replace the underlying skeletal structure, but we're still not good at replacing the facial skin. So it's very valuable to have that tool in our armamentarium. But the patients are going to have to take drugs that suppress their immune system for the rest of their lives. What does that mean? They have an increased risk of _________, an increased risk of malignancy. This is not a life-saving transplant — like a heart, or liver, or lung transplant — it is a quality-of-life transplant, and as a result, are the ________ going to say, if they get a _________ cancer 10 or 15 years on, "I wish I'd had ____________ reconstructive techniques rather than this because I'm now _____ of a malignant cancer"? We don't know yet. We also don't know what they feel about recognition and identity. _______ Devauchelle and Sylvie Testelin, who did the first operation, are ________ that. Donors are going to be short on the ______, because how many ______ want to have their loved one's face removed at the point of death? So there are going to be problems with face _______________.

Solution

  1. ground
  2. transplantation
  3. studying
  4. bernard
  5. malignant
  6. people
  7. infection
  8. patients
  9. dying
  10. conventional

Original Text

The face transplant has a role probably in burns patients to replace the skin. We can replace the underlying skeletal structure, but we're still not good at replacing the facial skin. So it's very valuable to have that tool in our armamentarium. But the patients are going to have to take drugs that suppress their immune system for the rest of their lives. What does that mean? They have an increased risk of infection, an increased risk of malignancy. This is not a life-saving transplant — like a heart, or liver, or lung transplant — it is a quality-of-life transplant, and as a result, are the patients going to say, if they get a malignant cancer 10 or 15 years on, "I wish I'd had conventional reconstructive techniques rather than this because I'm now dying of a malignant cancer"? We don't know yet. We also don't know what they feel about recognition and identity. Bernard Devauchelle and Sylvie Testelin, who did the first operation, are studying that. Donors are going to be short on the ground, because how many people want to have their loved one's face removed at the point of death? So there are going to be problems with face transplantation.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
facial appearance 5
facial surgery 5
malignant cancer 3
facial bones 2
fulfilling job 2
caring family 2
facial skin 2
achieve difference 2
face shot 2
face transplant 2
increased risk 2

Important Words

  1. armamentarium
  2. bernard
  3. burns
  4. cancer
  5. conventional
  6. death
  7. devauchelle
  8. donors
  9. drugs
  10. dying
  11. face
  12. facial
  13. feel
  14. good
  15. ground
  16. heart
  17. identity
  18. immune
  19. increased
  20. infection
  21. liver
  22. lives
  23. loved
  24. lung
  25. malignancy
  26. malignant
  27. operation
  28. patients
  29. people
  30. point
  31. problems
  32. recognition
  33. reconstructive
  34. removed
  35. replace
  36. replacing
  37. rest
  38. result
  39. risk
  40. role
  41. short
  42. skeletal
  43. skin
  44. structure
  45. studying
  46. suppress
  47. sylvie
  48. system
  49. techniques
  50. testelin
  51. tool
  52. transplant
  53. transplantation
  54. underlying
  55. valuable
  56. years