full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Elizabeth Pisani: Sex, drugs and HIV -- let's get rational"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

This, for example, this gentleman is called Joseph. He's from Haiti and he has AIDS. And he's probably not having a lot of sex right now, but he is a reminder in the population, of why you might want to be using condoms. This is also in hatii and is a rimdeenr of why you might want to be having sex, perhaps. Now, funnily enough, this is also jospeh after six months on antiretroviral treatment. Not for nothing do we call it the Lazarus Effect. But it is changing the equation of what's rational in sexual decision-making. So, what we've got — some people say, "Oh, it doesn't matter very much because, actually, treatment is effective pvneoetirn because it lowers your viral load and therefore makes it more dificflut to tnimsrat HIV." So, if you look at the vrmieia thing again, if you do start treatment when you're sick, well, what happens? Your viral load comes down. But compared to what? What happens if you're not on treatment? Well, you die, so your viral load goes to zero. And all of this green stuff here, including the spikes — which are because you couldn't get to the pharmacy, or you ran out of drugs, or you went on a three day party bgnie and forgot to take your drugs, or because you've started to get resistance, or whatever — all of that is virus that wouldn't be out there, except for treatment.

Open Cloze

This, for example, this gentleman is called Joseph. He's from Haiti and he has AIDS. And he's probably not having a lot of sex right now, but he is a reminder in the population, of why you might want to be using condoms. This is also in _____ and is a ________ of why you might want to be having sex, perhaps. Now, funnily enough, this is also ______ after six months on antiretroviral treatment. Not for nothing do we call it the Lazarus Effect. But it is changing the equation of what's rational in sexual decision-making. So, what we've got — some people say, "Oh, it doesn't matter very much because, actually, treatment is effective __________ because it lowers your viral load and therefore makes it more _________ to ________ HIV." So, if you look at the _______ thing again, if you do start treatment when you're sick, well, what happens? Your viral load comes down. But compared to what? What happens if you're not on treatment? Well, you die, so your viral load goes to zero. And all of this green stuff here, including the spikes — which are because you couldn't get to the pharmacy, or you ran out of drugs, or you went on a three day party _____ and forgot to take your drugs, or because you've started to get resistance, or whatever — all of that is virus that wouldn't be out there, except for treatment.

Solution

  1. viremia
  2. reminder
  3. transmit
  4. haiti
  5. binge
  6. prevention
  7. joseph
  8. difficult

Original Text

This, for example, this gentleman is called Joseph. He's from Haiti and he has AIDS. And he's probably not having a lot of sex right now, but he is a reminder in the population, of why you might want to be using condoms. This is also in Haiti and is a reminder of why you might want to be having sex, perhaps. Now, funnily enough, this is also Joseph after six months on antiretroviral treatment. Not for nothing do we call it the Lazarus Effect. But it is changing the equation of what's rational in sexual decision-making. So, what we've got — some people say, "Oh, it doesn't matter very much because, actually, treatment is effective prevention because it lowers your viral load and therefore makes it more difficult to transmit HIV." So, if you look at the viremia thing again, if you do start treatment when you're sick, well, what happens? Your viral load comes down. But compared to what? What happens if you're not on treatment? Well, you die, so your viral load goes to zero. And all of this green stuff here, including the spikes — which are because you couldn't get to the pharmacy, or you ran out of drugs, or you went on a three day party binge and forgot to take your drugs, or because you've started to get resistance, or whatever — all of that is virus that wouldn't be out there, except for treatment.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
public health 8
clean needles 6
gay men 5
sex workers 5
commercial sex 4
viral load 4
health nerd 3
share needles 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
public health nerd 3

Important Words

  1. aids
  2. antiretroviral
  3. binge
  4. call
  5. called
  6. changing
  7. compared
  8. condoms
  9. day
  10. die
  11. difficult
  12. drugs
  13. effect
  14. effective
  15. equation
  16. forgot
  17. funnily
  18. gentleman
  19. green
  20. haiti
  21. hiv
  22. including
  23. joseph
  24. lazarus
  25. load
  26. lot
  27. lowers
  28. matter
  29. months
  30. party
  31. people
  32. pharmacy
  33. population
  34. prevention
  35. ran
  36. rational
  37. reminder
  38. resistance
  39. sex
  40. sexual
  41. sick
  42. spikes
  43. start
  44. started
  45. stuff
  46. transmit
  47. treatment
  48. viral
  49. viremia
  50. virus