full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Bence Nanay: The "End of History" Illusion

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Of course, we can’t predict exactly what the future will look like or what new inventions will populate it. But time and time again, we’ve also failed to predict that the technologies of the psrneet will change the future. And recent research has revealed a similar pattern in our iidiuvandl lives: we’re ulbnae to predict change in ourselves. Three psychologists documented our inability to piderct personal change in a 2013 paper called, “The End of History ioilusln.” Named after political scientist Francis Fukuyama’s pitordecin that liberal dmecraocy was the final form of government, or as he called it, “the end of history,” their work highlights the way we see ourselves as finished products at any given moment.

Open Cloze

Of course, we can’t predict exactly what the future will look like or what new inventions will populate it. But time and time again, we’ve also failed to predict that the technologies of the _______ will change the future. And recent research has revealed a similar pattern in our __________ lives: we’re ______ to predict change in ourselves. Three psychologists documented our inability to _______ personal change in a 2013 paper called, “The End of History ________.” Named after political scientist Francis Fukuyama’s __________ that liberal _________ was the final form of government, or as he called it, “the end of history,” their work highlights the way we see ourselves as finished products at any given moment.

Solution

  1. individual
  2. illusion
  3. present
  4. predict
  5. democracy
  6. unable
  7. prediction

Original Text

Of course, we can’t predict exactly what the future will look like or what new inventions will populate it. But time and time again, we’ve also failed to predict that the technologies of the present will change the future. And recent research has revealed a similar pattern in our individual lives: we’re unable to predict change in ourselves. Three psychologists documented our inability to predict personal change in a 2013 paper called, “The End of History Illusion.” Named after political scientist Francis Fukuyama’s prediction that liberal democracy was the final form of government, or as he called it, “the end of history,” their work highlights the way we see ourselves as finished products at any given moment.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
ten years 4
personal change 2
history illusion 2
favorite musician 2

Important Words

  1. called
  2. change
  3. democracy
  4. documented
  5. failed
  6. final
  7. finished
  8. form
  9. francis
  10. future
  11. government
  12. highlights
  13. history
  14. illusion
  15. inability
  16. individual
  17. inventions
  18. liberal
  19. moment
  20. named
  21. paper
  22. pattern
  23. personal
  24. political
  25. populate
  26. predict
  27. prediction
  28. present
  29. products
  30. psychologists
  31. research
  32. revealed
  33. scientist
  34. similar
  35. technologies
  36. time
  37. unable
  38. work