full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Laura Snyder: The Philosophical Breakfast Club

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Founded in Bacon's time, the Royal Society of London was the foremost scientific society in England and even in the rest of the world. By the 19th century, it had become a kind of gentleman's club populated mainly by aaturqiinans, literary men and the nobility. The meerbms of the piicshlahoopl breakfast club helped form a number of new scientific societies, including the British Association. These new seeiitocs required that members be active rrsaehcrees publishing their results. They reinstated the tradition of the Q&A after scientific papers were read, which had been discontinued by the Royal Society as being uenngalnmelty. And for the first time, they gave women a foot in the door of science. Members were encouraged to binrg their wives, daughters and sisters to the meetings of the bsiirth Association, and while the women were epxteced to attend only the puilbc lectures and the social evnets like this one, they began to infiltrate the scientific sessions as well. The British Association would later be the first of the major national science oainzagitnors in the world to admit women as full members. [External fdnnuig for science]

Open Cloze

Founded in Bacon's time, the Royal Society of London was the foremost scientific society in England and even in the rest of the world. By the 19th century, it had become a kind of gentleman's club populated mainly by ____________, literary men and the nobility. The _______ of the _____________ breakfast club helped form a number of new scientific societies, including the British Association. These new _________ required that members be active ___________ publishing their results. They reinstated the tradition of the Q&A after scientific papers were read, which had been discontinued by the Royal Society as being _____________. And for the first time, they gave women a foot in the door of science. Members were encouraged to _____ their wives, daughters and sisters to the meetings of the _______ Association, and while the women were ________ to attend only the ______ lectures and the social ______ like this one, they began to infiltrate the scientific sessions as well. The British Association would later be the first of the major national science _____________ in the world to admit women as full members. [External _______ for science]

Solution

  1. funding
  2. british
  3. bring
  4. members
  5. philosophical
  6. researchers
  7. antiquarians
  8. organizations
  9. public
  10. societies
  11. ungentlemanly
  12. events
  13. expected

Original Text

Founded in Bacon's time, the Royal Society of London was the foremost scientific society in England and even in the rest of the world. By the 19th century, it had become a kind of gentleman's club populated mainly by antiquarians, literary men and the nobility. The members of the philosophical breakfast club helped form a number of new scientific societies, including the British Association. These new societies required that members be active researchers publishing their results. They reinstated the tradition of the Q&A after scientific papers were read, which had been discontinued by the Royal Society as being ungentlemanly. And for the first time, they gave women a foot in the door of science. Members were encouraged to bring their wives, daughters and sisters to the meetings of the British Association, and while the women were expected to attend only the public lectures and the social events like this one, they began to infiltrate the scientific sessions as well. The British Association would later be the first of the major national science organizations in the world to admit women as full members. [External funding for science]

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
british association 5
philosophical breakfast 5
breakfast club 4
ship captains 3
royal society 3
william whewell 2
word scientist 2
richard jones 2
mechanical calculator 2
scientific revolution 2
deductive method 2
widely read 2
charles darwin 2
club helped 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
philosophical breakfast club 4
breakfast club helped 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
philosophical breakfast club helped 2

Important Words

  1. active
  2. admit
  3. antiquarians
  4. association
  5. attend
  6. began
  7. breakfast
  8. bring
  9. british
  10. century
  11. club
  12. daughters
  13. discontinued
  14. door
  15. encouraged
  16. england
  17. events
  18. expected
  19. external
  20. foot
  21. foremost
  22. form
  23. founded
  24. full
  25. funding
  26. gave
  27. helped
  28. including
  29. infiltrate
  30. kind
  31. lectures
  32. literary
  33. london
  34. major
  35. meetings
  36. members
  37. men
  38. national
  39. nobility
  40. number
  41. organizations
  42. papers
  43. philosophical
  44. populated
  45. public
  46. publishing
  47. read
  48. reinstated
  49. required
  50. researchers
  51. rest
  52. results
  53. royal
  54. science
  55. scientific
  56. sessions
  57. sisters
  58. social
  59. societies
  60. society
  61. time
  62. tradition
  63. ungentlemanly
  64. wives
  65. women
  66. world