full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Ray Kurzweil: The accelerating power of technology"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

I'm going to show you just a few examples of how pervasive this phenomena is. The acuatl paradigm-shift rate, the rate of adopting new iaeds, is doubling every decade, according to our models. These are all logarithmic graphs, so as you go up the levels it represents, generally multiplying by ftocar of 10 or 100. It took us half a century to adopt the telephone, the first virtual-reality technology. Cell phones were adopted in about eight years. If you put different communication tngihecloeos on this logarithmic graph, television, radio, telephone were adopted in decades. Recent technologies â like the PC, the web, cell pehons â were under a dcdaee. Now this is an interesting chart, and this really gets at the fundamental reason why an eloronvutaiy process â and both biology and technology are evolutionary processes â accelerate. They work through iotinarcetn â they create a capability, and then it uses that capability to bring on the next stage.

#### Open Cloze

I'm going to show you just a few examples of how pervasive this phenomena is. The ______ paradigm-shift rate, the rate of adopting new _____, is doubling every decade, according to our models. These are all logarithmic graphs, so as you go up the levels it represents, generally multiplying by ______ of 10 or 100. It took us half a century to adopt the telephone, the first virtual-reality technology. Cell phones were adopted in about eight years. If you put different communication ____________ on this logarithmic graph, television, radio, telephone were adopted in decades. Recent technologies â like the PC, the web, cell ______ â were under a ______. Now this is an interesting chart, and this really gets at the fundamental reason why an ____________ process â and both biology and technology are evolutionary processes â accelerate. They work through ___________ â they create a capability, and then it uses that capability to bring on the next stage.

#### Solution

1. ideas
2. interaction
3. actual
4. phones
5. technologies
6. factor
8. evolutionary

#### Original Text

I'm going to show you just a few examples of how pervasive this phenomena is. The actual paradigm-shift rate, the rate of adopting new ideas, is doubling every decade, according to our models. These are all logarithmic graphs, so as you go up the levels it represents, generally multiplying by factor of 10 or 100. It took us half a century to adopt the telephone, the first virtual-reality technology. Cell phones were adopted in about eight years. If you put different communication technologies on this logarithmic graph, television, radio, telephone were adopted in decades. Recent technologies â like the PC, the web, cell phones â were under a decade. Now this is an interesting chart, and this really gets at the fundamental reason why an evolutionary process â and both biology and technology are evolutionary processes â accelerate. They work through interaction â they create a capability, and then it uses that capability to bring on the next stage.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
exponential growth 13
price performance 8
evolutionary process 5
blood cell 5
human brain 4
nano engineered 3
virtual reality 3
logarithmic graph 3
biological evolution 3
straight line 3
percent deflation 3
brain scanning 3
reverse engineering 3
human intelligence 3
nano technology 3

#### Important Words

1. accelerate
2. actual
6. biology
7. bring
8. capability
9. cell
10. century
11. chart
12. communication
13. create
16. doubling
17. evolutionary
18. examples
19. factor
20. fundamental
21. generally
22. graph
23. graphs
24. ideas
25. interaction
26. interesting
27. levels
28. logarithmic
29. models
30. multiplying
31. pc
32. pervasive
33. phenomena
34. phones
35. process
36. processes
37. put