full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Scott Rickard: The beautiful math behind the world's ugliest music

Unscramble the Blue Letters

It turns out that mcuiotgisosls — a fuamos composer by the name of Arnold Schoenberg — thought of this in the 1930s, '40s and '50s. His goal as a composer was to write music that would free music from tonal surttruce. He called it the "emancipation of the dissonance." He created these scteruutrs called "tone rows." This is a tone row there. It sounds a lot like a Costas arary. Unfortunately, he died 10 years before Costas solved the problem of how you can mathematically create these structures.

Open Cloze

It turns out that _____________ — a ______ composer by the name of Arnold Schoenberg — thought of this in the 1930s, '40s and '50s. His goal as a composer was to write music that would free music from tonal _________. He called it the "emancipation of the dissonance." He created these __________ called "tone rows." This is a tone row there. It sounds a lot like a Costas _____. Unfortunately, he died 10 years before Costas solved the problem of how you can mathematically create these structures.

Solution

  1. structure
  2. structures
  3. array
  4. musicologists
  5. famous

Original Text

It turns out that musicologists — a famous composer by the name of Arnold Schoenberg — thought of this in the 1930s, '40s and '50s. His goal as a composer was to write music that would free music from tonal structure. He called it the "emancipation of the dissonance." He created these structures called "tone rows." This is a tone row there. It sounds a lot like a Costas array. Unfortunately, he died 10 years before Costas solved the problem of how you can mathematically create these structures.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
solomon golomb 4
world premiere 3
perfect sonar 2
sonar ping 2
john costas 2
costas array 2
perfect ping 2

Important Words

  1. arnold
  2. array
  3. called
  4. composer
  5. costas
  6. create
  7. created
  8. died
  9. dissonance
  10. famous
  11. free
  12. goal
  13. lot
  14. mathematically
  15. music
  16. musicologists
  17. problem
  18. row
  19. rows
  20. schoenberg
  21. solved
  22. sounds
  23. structure
  24. structures
  25. thought
  26. tonal
  27. tone
  28. turns
  29. write
  30. years