full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Jim Hudspeth: The beautiful, mysterious science of how you hear

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, to understand how the hair cell does its thing, one has to situate it within its environment within the ear. We learn in school that the organ of hearing is the coiled, snail-shaped cochlea. It's an ogarn about the size of a chickpea. It's embedded in the bone on either side of the skull. We also learn that an optical prism can separate withe light into its constituent frequencies, which we see as distinct colors. In an analogous way, the cochlea acts as sort of an atosucic prism that splits apart complex sounds into their cnmopnoet fieqrneceus. So when a piano is sounded, different notes blend together into a corhd.

Open Cloze

Now, to understand how the hair cell does its thing, one has to situate it within its environment within the ear. We learn in school that the organ of hearing is the coiled, snail-shaped cochlea. It's an _____ about the size of a chickpea. It's embedded in the bone on either side of the skull. We also learn that an optical prism can separate _____ light into its constituent frequencies, which we see as distinct colors. In an analogous way, the cochlea acts as sort of an ________ prism that splits apart complex sounds into their _________ ___________. So when a piano is sounded, different notes blend together into a _____.

Solution

  1. component
  2. frequencies
  3. organ
  4. acoustic
  5. white
  6. chord

Original Text

Now, to understand how the hair cell does its thing, one has to situate it within its environment within the ear. We learn in school that the organ of hearing is the coiled, snail-shaped cochlea. It's an organ about the size of a chickpea. It's embedded in the bone on either side of the skull. We also learn that an optical prism can separate white light into its constituent frequencies, which we see as distinct colors. In an analogous way, the cochlea acts as sort of an acoustic prism that splits apart complex sounds into their component frequencies. So when a piano is sounded, different notes blend together into a chord.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hair cells 9
hair cell 8
hair bundle 7
active process 7
elastic band 2
arm represents 2
remarkable features 2
specific frequency 2
public address 2
address system 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
public address system 2

Important Words

  1. acoustic
  2. acts
  3. analogous
  4. blend
  5. bone
  6. cell
  7. chickpea
  8. chord
  9. cochlea
  10. coiled
  11. colors
  12. complex
  13. component
  14. constituent
  15. distinct
  16. ear
  17. embedded
  18. environment
  19. frequencies
  20. hair
  21. hearing
  22. learn
  23. light
  24. notes
  25. optical
  26. organ
  27. piano
  28. prism
  29. school
  30. separate
  31. side
  32. situate
  33. size
  34. skull
  35. sort
  36. sounded
  37. sounds
  38. splits
  39. understand
  40. white