full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Robert Muggah: The biggest risks facing cities -- and some solutions

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The good news, if there is any, is that fragility is not a permanent cooiindtn. Some cities that were once the most fragile cities in the world, like Bogotá in clobimoa or Ciudad Juárez in Mexico, have now fallen more around the national average. The bad news is that fragility is deepening, especially in those parts of the world that are most vleuabnrle, in North Africa, the Middle East, in South Asia and Central Asia. There, we're seeing fliitgray risnig way beyond scales we've ever seen before. When cities become too fragile they can caopllse, tip over and fail. And when that happens, we have explosive forms of migration: refugees.

Open Cloze

The good news, if there is any, is that fragility is not a permanent _________. Some cities that were once the most fragile cities in the world, like Bogotá in ________ or Ciudad Juárez in Mexico, have now fallen more around the national average. The bad news is that fragility is deepening, especially in those parts of the world that are most __________, in North Africa, the Middle East, in South Asia and Central Asia. There, we're seeing _________ ______ way beyond scales we've ever seen before. When cities become too fragile they can ________, tip over and fail. And when that happens, we have explosive forms of migration: refugees.

Solution

  1. condition
  2. colombia
  3. collapse
  4. vulnerable
  5. fragility
  6. rising

Original Text

The good news, if there is any, is that fragility is not a permanent condition. Some cities that were once the most fragile cities in the world, like Bogotá in Colombia or Ciudad Juárez in Mexico, have now fallen more around the national average. The bad news is that fragility is deepening, especially in those parts of the world that are most vulnerable, in North Africa, the Middle East, in South Asia and Central Asia. There, we're seeing fragility rising way beyond scales we've ever seen before. When cities become too fragile they can collapse, tip over and fail. And when that happens, we have explosive forms of migration: refugees.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
million people 6
sea level 3
public transport 3
single year 2
vast majority 2
internally displaced 2
western europe 2
level rise 2
affordable housing 2
world today 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
sea level rise 2

Important Words

  1. africa
  2. asia
  3. average
  4. bad
  5. central
  6. cities
  7. ciudad
  8. collapse
  9. colombia
  10. condition
  11. deepening
  12. east
  13. explosive
  14. fail
  15. fallen
  16. forms
  17. fragile
  18. fragility
  19. good
  20. mexico
  21. middle
  22. national
  23. news
  24. north
  25. parts
  26. permanent
  27. refugees
  28. rising
  29. scales
  30. south
  31. tip
  32. vulnerable
  33. world