full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Robert Muggah: The biggest risks facing cities -- and some solutions"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

No city is an ilasnd. Every city is ctcenoend to its rural hinterland in complex ways — often, in relation to the production of food. I want to take you to the northern part of the Amazon, in Rondônia. This is one of the world's largest tetiraserrl carbon sinks, poinrsescg molnliis of carbon every single year. What you see here is a single road over a 30-year period. On either side you see land being cleared for paturse, for ctatle, but also for soy and sugar production. You're seeing diftetoaorsen on a massive scale. The red area here implies a net loss of forest over the last 14 years. The blue, if you could see it — there's not much — implies there's been an incremental gain. Now, as grim and gloomy as the situation is — and it is — there is a little bit of hope.

Open Cloze

No city is an ______. Every city is _________ to its rural hinterland in complex ways — often, in relation to the production of food. I want to take you to the northern part of the Amazon, in Rondônia. This is one of the world's largest ___________ carbon sinks, __________ ________ of carbon every single year. What you see here is a single road over a 30-year period. On either side you see land being cleared for _______, for ______, but also for soy and sugar production. You're seeing _____________ on a massive scale. The red area here implies a net loss of forest over the last 14 years. The blue, if you could see it — there's not much — implies there's been an incremental gain. Now, as grim and gloomy as the situation is — and it is — there is a little bit of hope.

Solution

  1. millions
  2. terrestrial
  3. pasture
  4. island
  5. connected
  6. cattle
  7. processing
  8. deforestation

Original Text

No city is an island. Every city is connected to its rural hinterland in complex ways — often, in relation to the production of food. I want to take you to the northern part of the Amazon, in Rondônia. This is one of the world's largest terrestrial carbon sinks, processing millions of carbon every single year. What you see here is a single road over a 30-year period. On either side you see land being cleared for pasture, for cattle, but also for soy and sugar production. You're seeing deforestation on a massive scale. The red area here implies a net loss of forest over the last 14 years. The blue, if you could see it — there's not much — implies there's been an incremental gain. Now, as grim and gloomy as the situation is — and it is — there is a little bit of hope.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
nation states 9
million people 6
sea level 3
latin america 3
world today 3
level rise 3
united states 3
public transport 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
sea level rise 3

Important Words

  1. amazon
  2. area
  3. bit
  4. blue
  5. carbon
  6. cattle
  7. city
  8. cleared
  9. complex
  10. connected
  11. deforestation
  12. food
  13. forest
  14. gain
  15. gloomy
  16. grim
  17. hinterland
  18. hope
  19. implies
  20. incremental
  21. island
  22. land
  23. largest
  24. loss
  25. massive
  26. millions
  27. net
  28. northern
  29. part
  30. pasture
  31. period
  32. processing
  33. production
  34. red
  35. relation
  36. road
  37. rondônia
  38. rural
  39. scale
  40. side
  41. single
  42. sinks
  43. situation
  44. soy
  45. sugar
  46. terrestrial
  47. ways
  48. year
  49. years