full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Maria Gallucci: The carbonless fuel that could change how we ship goods

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, if you want to use this ammonia to power your thousand-foot-long freighter, you have two options. The first is an internal cuoimstbon engine, so similar to how diesel is used in ships today but with certain modifications. Experts think that the first vessels to use ammonia in their enngeis will be chemical tankers, because they already carry it in their cargo hldos. So they'll be like the early adopters. The next options is to use a fuel cell. Fuel cells create eeitrtlcicy through a chemical reaction, and that's what drives the ship's motors and turns the perrloleps. In noawry, work is underway to launch the world's first ammonia-fuel-cell ship in just a few years' time.

Open Cloze

Now, if you want to use this ammonia to power your thousand-foot-long freighter, you have two options. The first is an internal __________ engine, so similar to how diesel is used in ships today but with certain modifications. Experts think that the first vessels to use ammonia in their _______ will be chemical tankers, because they already carry it in their cargo _____. So they'll be like the early adopters. The next options is to use a fuel cell. Fuel cells create ___________ through a chemical reaction, and that's what drives the ship's motors and turns the __________. In ______, work is underway to launch the world's first ammonia-fuel-cell ship in just a few years' time.

Solution

  1. holds
  2. electricity
  3. norway
  4. combustion
  5. engines
  6. propellers

Original Text

Now, if you want to use this ammonia to power your thousand-foot-long freighter, you have two options. The first is an internal combustion engine, so similar to how diesel is used in ships today but with certain modifications. Experts think that the first vessels to use ammonia in their engines will be chemical tankers, because they already carry it in their cargo holds. So they'll be like the early adopters. The next options is to use a fuel cell. Fuel cells create electricity through a chemical reaction, and that's what drives the ship's motors and turns the propellers. In Norway, work is underway to launch the world's first ammonia-fuel-cell ship in just a few years' time.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
green ammonia 7
fossil fuels 4
shipping industry 3
cargo ship 2
container ships 2
fuel cells 2
electric cars 2
diesel engines 2

Important Words

  1. adopters
  2. ammonia
  3. cargo
  4. carry
  5. cell
  6. cells
  7. chemical
  8. combustion
  9. create
  10. diesel
  11. drives
  12. early
  13. electricity
  14. engine
  15. engines
  16. experts
  17. freighter
  18. fuel
  19. holds
  20. internal
  21. launch
  22. modifications
  23. motors
  24. norway
  25. options
  26. power
  27. propellers
  28. reaction
  29. ship
  30. ships
  31. similar
  32. tankers
  33. time
  34. today
  35. turns
  36. underway
  37. vessels
  38. work