full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Ramanan Laxminarayan: The coming crisis in antibiotics"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So I don't know where you live, but wherever it is, it certainly is a lot worse now than it was in 1999, and that is the problem of aiiibntotc resistance. It's a global issue affecting both rich and poor countries, and at the hreat of it, you might say, well, isn't this really just a medical issue? If we taught doctors how not to use antibiotics as much, if we taught pnatites how not to demand aiocbiitnts, perhaps this really wouldn't be an issue, and maybe the pharmaceutical companies should be wnkroig harder to develop more antibiotics. Now, it tnurs out that there's something fundamental about antibiotics which makes it different from other drugs, which is that if I misuse antibiotics or I use antibiotics, not only am I affected but others are affected as well, in the same way as if I choose to drive to work or take a plane to go somewhere, that the costs I impose on others through global climate change go everywhere, and I don't necessarily take these csots into consideration. This is what economists might call a problem of the commons, and the problem of the commons is exactly what we face in the case of antibiotics as well: that we don't consider — and we, including individuals, patients, htlpoisas, entire health systems — do not consider the costs that they impose on others by the way antibiotics are actually used.

Open Cloze

So I don't know where you live, but wherever it is, it certainly is a lot worse now than it was in 1999, and that is the problem of __________ resistance. It's a global issue affecting both rich and poor countries, and at the _____ of it, you might say, well, isn't this really just a medical issue? If we taught doctors how not to use antibiotics as much, if we taught ________ how not to demand ___________, perhaps this really wouldn't be an issue, and maybe the pharmaceutical companies should be _______ harder to develop more antibiotics. Now, it _____ out that there's something fundamental about antibiotics which makes it different from other drugs, which is that if I misuse antibiotics or I use antibiotics, not only am I affected but others are affected as well, in the same way as if I choose to drive to work or take a plane to go somewhere, that the costs I impose on others through global climate change go everywhere, and I don't necessarily take these _____ into consideration. This is what economists might call a problem of the commons, and the problem of the commons is exactly what we face in the case of antibiotics as well: that we don't consider — and we, including individuals, patients, _________, entire health systems — do not consider the costs that they impose on others by the way antibiotics are actually used.

Solution

  1. working
  2. antibiotic
  3. hospitals
  4. turns
  5. antibiotics
  6. patients
  7. heart
  8. costs

Original Text

So I don't know where you live, but wherever it is, it certainly is a lot worse now than it was in 1999, and that is the problem of antibiotic resistance. It's a global issue affecting both rich and poor countries, and at the heart of it, you might say, well, isn't this really just a medical issue? If we taught doctors how not to use antibiotics as much, if we taught patients how not to demand antibiotics, perhaps this really wouldn't be an issue, and maybe the pharmaceutical companies should be working harder to develop more antibiotics. Now, it turns out that there's something fundamental about antibiotics which makes it different from other drugs, which is that if I misuse antibiotics or I use antibiotics, not only am I affected but others are affected as well, in the same way as if I choose to drive to work or take a plane to go somewhere, that the costs I impose on others through global climate change go everywhere, and I don't necessarily take these costs into consideration. This is what economists might call a problem of the commons, and the problem of the commons is exactly what we face in the case of antibiotics as well: that we don't consider — and we, including individuals, patients, hospitals, entire health systems — do not consider the costs that they impose on others by the way antibiotics are actually used.

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Important Words

  1. affected
  2. affecting
  3. antibiotic
  4. antibiotics
  5. call
  6. case
  7. change
  8. choose
  9. climate
  10. commons
  11. companies
  12. consideration
  13. costs
  14. countries
  15. demand
  16. develop
  17. doctors
  18. drive
  19. drugs
  20. economists
  21. entire
  22. face
  23. fundamental
  24. global
  25. harder
  26. health
  27. heart
  28. hospitals
  29. impose
  30. including
  31. individuals
  32. issue
  33. live
  34. lot
  35. medical
  36. misuse
  37. necessarily
  38. patients
  39. pharmaceutical
  40. plane
  41. poor
  42. problem
  43. resistance
  44. rich
  45. systems
  46. taught
  47. turns
  48. work
  49. working
  50. worse