full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Ramanan Laxminarayan: The coming crisis in antibiotics

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, there's a lot that can be done on the supply side as well. If you look at the price of penicillin, the cost per day is about 10 cents. It's a fairly ceahp drug. If you take drugs that have been introduced since then — linezolid or daptomycin — those are significantly more expensive, so to a world that has been used to paying 10 cents a day for antibiotics, the idea of paying 180 dralols per day seems like a lot. But what is that really telling us? That price is telling us that we should no longer take cheap, effective aiiicontbts as a given into the foreseeable ftuure, and that price is a signal to us that perhaps we need to be paying much more attention to cnavrstooien. That pcire is also a signal that maybe we need to sratt looking at other technologies, in the same way that gasoline prices are a signal and an ipmutes, to, say, the development of etricelc cars. Prices are important sgnails and we need to pay attention, but we also need to consider the fact that although these high percis seem unusual for antibiotics, they're nothing compared to the price per day of some cancer drugs, which might save a patient's life only for a few months or perhaps a year, whereas antibiotics would potentially save a patient's life forever. So this is going to involve a whole new padrigam shift, and it's also a scary shift because in many parts of this country, in many parts of the world, the idea of paying 200 dollars for a day of antibiotic treatment is simply ualngiabnmie. So we need to think about that.

Open Cloze

Now, there's a lot that can be done on the supply side as well. If you look at the price of penicillin, the cost per day is about 10 cents. It's a fairly _____ drug. If you take drugs that have been introduced since then — linezolid or daptomycin — those are significantly more expensive, so to a world that has been used to paying 10 cents a day for antibiotics, the idea of paying 180 _______ per day seems like a lot. But what is that really telling us? That price is telling us that we should no longer take cheap, effective ___________ as a given into the foreseeable ______, and that price is a signal to us that perhaps we need to be paying much more attention to ____________. That _____ is also a signal that maybe we need to _____ looking at other technologies, in the same way that gasoline prices are a signal and an _______, to, say, the development of ________ cars. Prices are important _______ and we need to pay attention, but we also need to consider the fact that although these high ______ seem unusual for antibiotics, they're nothing compared to the price per day of some cancer drugs, which might save a patient's life only for a few months or perhaps a year, whereas antibiotics would potentially save a patient's life forever. So this is going to involve a whole new ________ shift, and it's also a scary shift because in many parts of this country, in many parts of the world, the idea of paying 200 dollars for a day of antibiotic treatment is simply ____________. So we need to think about that.

Solution

  1. cheap
  2. paradigm
  3. dollars
  4. start
  5. impetus
  6. conservation
  7. antibiotics
  8. unimaginable
  9. signals
  10. electric
  11. prices
  12. future
  13. price

Original Text

Now, there's a lot that can be done on the supply side as well. If you look at the price of penicillin, the cost per day is about 10 cents. It's a fairly cheap drug. If you take drugs that have been introduced since then — linezolid or daptomycin — those are significantly more expensive, so to a world that has been used to paying 10 cents a day for antibiotics, the idea of paying 180 dollars per day seems like a lot. But what is that really telling us? That price is telling us that we should no longer take cheap, effective antibiotics as a given into the foreseeable future, and that price is a signal to us that perhaps we need to be paying much more attention to conservation. That price is also a signal that maybe we need to start looking at other technologies, in the same way that gasoline prices are a signal and an impetus, to, say, the development of electric cars. Prices are important signals and we need to pay attention, but we also need to consider the fact that although these high prices seem unusual for antibiotics, they're nothing compared to the price per day of some cancer drugs, which might save a patient's life only for a few months or perhaps a year, whereas antibiotics would potentially save a patient's life forever. So this is going to involve a whole new paradigm shift, and it's also a scary shift because in many parts of this country, in many parts of the world, the idea of paying 200 dollars for a day of antibiotic treatment is simply unimaginable. So we need to think about that.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
poor man 2
climate change 2
treat malaria 2

Important Words

  1. antibiotic
  2. antibiotics
  3. attention
  4. cancer
  5. cars
  6. cents
  7. cheap
  8. compared
  9. conservation
  10. cost
  11. country
  12. daptomycin
  13. day
  14. development
  15. dollars
  16. drug
  17. drugs
  18. effective
  19. electric
  20. expensive
  21. fact
  22. foreseeable
  23. future
  24. gasoline
  25. high
  26. idea
  27. impetus
  28. important
  29. introduced
  30. involve
  31. life
  32. linezolid
  33. longer
  34. lot
  35. months
  36. paradigm
  37. parts
  38. pay
  39. paying
  40. penicillin
  41. potentially
  42. price
  43. prices
  44. save
  45. scary
  46. shift
  47. side
  48. signal
  49. signals
  50. significantly
  51. simply
  52. start
  53. supply
  54. technologies
  55. telling
  56. treatment
  57. unimaginable
  58. unusual
  59. world
  60. year