full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Greta Thunberg: The disarming case to act right now on climate"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

When I was about eight years old, I first hraed about something called climate change or global wanmirg. Apparently, that was something humans have created by our way of living. I was told to turn off the lights to save energy and to recycle paepr to save resources. I remember thinking that it was very strange that humans, who are an animal species among others, could be capable of changing the Earth's climate. Because if we were, and if it was really happening, we wouldn't be talking about anything else. As soon as you'd turn on the TV, everything would be about that. Headlines, radio, newspapers, you would never read or hear about anything else, as if there was a world war going on. But no one ever talekd about it. If buirnng fossil fuels was so bad that it threatened our very eeitncsxe, how could we just cutnnoie like before? Why were there no riitroetcsns? Why wasn't it made illegal? To me, that did not add up. It was too uearnl. So when I was 11, I became ill. I fell into depression, I sopeptd tnlakig, and I stopped eating. In two months, I lost about 10 kilos of weight. Later on, I was diagnosed with Asperger snmrodye, OCD and selective mutism. That baiaclsly means I only speak when I think it's necessary - now is one of those moments. (Applause) For those of us who are on the spectrum, almost everything is black or white. We aren't very good at lying, and we usually don't enjoy participating in this social game that the rest of you seem so fond of. (Laughter) I think in many ways that we autistic are the normal ones, and the rest of the people are pretty strange, (Laughter) especially when it comes to the sustainability crisis, where everyone keeps saying climate change is an existential threat and the most important issue of all, and yet they just crary on like before. I don't understand that, because if the emissions have to stop, then we must stop the emissions. To me that is black or white. There are no gray aeras when it comes to survival. Either we go on as a cizioivaitln or we don't. We have to change. Rich countries like Sweden need to start reducing emissions by at least 15 perent every year. And that is so that we can stay below a two-degree warming target. Yet, as the IPCC have recently demonstrated, aiming instead for 1.5 degrees clesius would significantly reduce the climate iampcts. But we can only imagine what that means for reducing emissions. You would think the media and every one of our leaders would be talking about nothing else, but they never even mention it. Nor does anyone ever mention the greenhouse gases already leokcd in the system. Nor that air pollution is hndiig a warming so that when we stop burning fossil fuels, we already have an ertxa level of warming perhaps as high as 0.5 to 1.1 degrees Celsius. Furthermore does hardly anyone speak about the fact that we are in the misdt of the stxih mass extinction, with up to 200 species going extinct every single day, that the extinction rate today is between 1,000 and 10,000 tmies higher than what is seen as normal. Nor does hardly anyone ever speak about the aspect of equity or climate justice, clearly stated everywhere in the Paris Agreement, which is absolutely necessary to make it work on a glboal scale. That means that rich countries need to get down to zero emissions within 6 to 12 years, with today's emission speed. And that is so that people in poorer countries can have a chance to heighten their standard of living by bdunliig some of the infrastructure that we have already built, such as roads, schools, hospitals, clean drinking water, electricity, and so on. Because how can we epecxt countries like India or Nigeria to care about the climate crisis if we who already have everything don't care even a second about it or our actual ctoetinmmms to the Paris Agreement? So, why are we not reducing our emissions? Why are they in fact still icnnrsaeig? Are we knowingly causing a mass exntotiicn? Are we evil? No, of course not. People keep doing what they do because the vast majority doesn't have a clue about the actual ceqonceunses of our edyarevy life, and they don't know that rapid chngae is required. We all think we know, and we all think everybody knows, but we don't. Because how could we? If there really was a crisis, and if this crisis was caused by our emissions, you would at least see some signs. Not just flooded cities, tens of thousands of dead people, and whole nations leeelvd to piles of torn down buildings. You would see some restrictions. But no. And no one talks about it. There are no emergency meetings, no headlines, no bineakrg news. No one is acting as if we were in a crisis. Even most citmale scientists or green politicians keep on finylg around the world, eating meat and dairy. If I live to be 100, I will be alive in the year 2103. When you think about the futrue today, you don't think beyond the year 2050. By then, I will, in the best case, not even have lived half of my life. What happens next? The year 2078, I will celebrate my 75th birthday. If I have children or grandchildren, maybe they will sepnd that day with me. Maybe they will ask me about you, the people who were around, back in 2018. Maybe they will ask why you didn't do anything while there still was time to act. What we do or don't do right now will affect my entire life and the lives of my crldeihn and grandchildren. What we do or don't do right now, me and my gteroneain can't undo in the future. So when school started in August of this year, I decided that this was enough. I set myself down on the ground outside the ssiewdh pieanramlt. I school striked for the climate. Some people say that I should be in school instead. Some people say that I should study to become a climate scientist so that I can "solve the climate crisis." But the climate ciriss has already been solved. We already have all the facts and solutions. All we have to do is to wake up and change. And why should I be studying for a future that soon will be no more when no one is doing anything whatsoever to save that future. And what is the point of laiennrg facts in the school system when the most important fatcs given by the finest science of that same soochl system clearly means nothing to our politicians and our seoicty. Some people say that Sweden is just a slaml country, and that it doesn't matter what we do, but I think that if a few children can get headlines all over the world just by not ciomng to school for a few weeks, imagine what we could all do together if you wanted to. (aspapule) Now we're almost at the end of my talk, and this is where people usually satrt talking about hope, solar panels, wind power, circular economy, and so on, but I'm not going to do that. We've had 30 years of pep-talking and selling pvotsiie ideas. And I'm sorry, but it doesn't work. Because if it would have, the emissions would have gone down by now. They haven't. And yes, we do need hope, of course we do. But the one thing we need more than hope is action. Once we start to act, hope is everywhere. So instead of looking for hope, look for action. Then, and only then, hope will come. tadoy, we use 100 million brrelas of oil every single day. There are no politics to change that. There are no rules to keep that oil in the ground. So we can't save the world by playing by the rules, because the rules have to be changed. Everything needs to change, and it has to start today. Thank you. (Applause)

Open Cloze

When I was about eight years old, I first _____ about something called climate change or global _______. Apparently, that was something humans have created by our way of living. I was told to turn off the lights to save energy and to recycle _____ to save resources. I remember thinking that it was very strange that humans, who are an animal species among others, could be capable of changing the Earth's climate. Because if we were, and if it was really happening, we wouldn't be talking about anything else. As soon as you'd turn on the TV, everything would be about that. Headlines, radio, newspapers, you would never read or hear about anything else, as if there was a world war going on. But no one ever ______ about it. If _______ fossil fuels was so bad that it threatened our very _________, how could we just ________ like before? Why were there no ____________? Why wasn't it made illegal? To me, that did not add up. It was too ______. So when I was 11, I became ill. I fell into depression, I _______ _______, and I stopped eating. In two months, I lost about 10 kilos of weight. Later on, I was diagnosed with Asperger ________, OCD and selective mutism. That _________ means I only speak when I think it's necessary - now is one of those moments. (Applause) For those of us who are on the spectrum, almost everything is black or white. We aren't very good at lying, and we usually don't enjoy participating in this social game that the rest of you seem so fond of. (Laughter) I think in many ways that we autistic are the normal ones, and the rest of the people are pretty strange, (Laughter) especially when it comes to the sustainability crisis, where everyone keeps saying climate change is an existential threat and the most important issue of all, and yet they just _____ on like before. I don't understand that, because if the emissions have to stop, then we must stop the emissions. To me that is black or white. There are no gray _____ when it comes to survival. Either we go on as a ____________ or we don't. We have to change. Rich countries like Sweden need to start reducing emissions by at least 15 perent every year. And that is so that we can stay below a two-degree warming target. Yet, as the IPCC have recently demonstrated, aiming instead for 1.5 degrees _______ would significantly reduce the climate _______. But we can only imagine what that means for reducing emissions. You would think the media and every one of our leaders would be talking about nothing else, but they never even mention it. Nor does anyone ever mention the greenhouse gases already ______ in the system. Nor that air pollution is ______ a warming so that when we stop burning fossil fuels, we already have an _____ level of warming perhaps as high as 0.5 to 1.1 degrees Celsius. Furthermore does hardly anyone speak about the fact that we are in the _____ of the _____ mass extinction, with up to 200 species going extinct every single day, that the extinction rate today is between 1,000 and 10,000 _____ higher than what is seen as normal. Nor does hardly anyone ever speak about the aspect of equity or climate justice, clearly stated everywhere in the Paris Agreement, which is absolutely necessary to make it work on a ______ scale. That means that rich countries need to get down to zero emissions within 6 to 12 years, with today's emission speed. And that is so that people in poorer countries can have a chance to heighten their standard of living by ________ some of the infrastructure that we have already built, such as roads, schools, hospitals, clean drinking water, electricity, and so on. Because how can we ______ countries like India or Nigeria to care about the climate crisis if we who already have everything don't care even a second about it or our actual ___________ to the Paris Agreement? So, why are we not reducing our emissions? Why are they in fact still __________? Are we knowingly causing a mass __________? Are we evil? No, of course not. People keep doing what they do because the vast majority doesn't have a clue about the actual ____________ of our ________ life, and they don't know that rapid ______ is required. We all think we know, and we all think everybody knows, but we don't. Because how could we? If there really was a crisis, and if this crisis was caused by our emissions, you would at least see some signs. Not just flooded cities, tens of thousands of dead people, and whole nations _______ to piles of torn down buildings. You would see some restrictions. But no. And no one talks about it. There are no emergency meetings, no headlines, no ________ news. No one is acting as if we were in a crisis. Even most _______ scientists or green politicians keep on ______ around the world, eating meat and dairy. If I live to be 100, I will be alive in the year 2103. When you think about the ______ today, you don't think beyond the year 2050. By then, I will, in the best case, not even have lived half of my life. What happens next? The year 2078, I will celebrate my 75th birthday. If I have children or grandchildren, maybe they will _____ that day with me. Maybe they will ask me about you, the people who were around, back in 2018. Maybe they will ask why you didn't do anything while there still was time to act. What we do or don't do right now will affect my entire life and the lives of my ________ and grandchildren. What we do or don't do right now, me and my __________ can't undo in the future. So when school started in August of this year, I decided that this was enough. I set myself down on the ground outside the _______ __________. I school striked for the climate. Some people say that I should be in school instead. Some people say that I should study to become a climate scientist so that I can "solve the climate crisis." But the climate ______ has already been solved. We already have all the facts and solutions. All we have to do is to wake up and change. And why should I be studying for a future that soon will be no more when no one is doing anything whatsoever to save that future. And what is the point of ________ facts in the school system when the most important _____ given by the finest science of that same ______ system clearly means nothing to our politicians and our _______. Some people say that Sweden is just a _____ country, and that it doesn't matter what we do, but I think that if a few children can get headlines all over the world just by not ______ to school for a few weeks, imagine what we could all do together if you wanted to. (________) Now we're almost at the end of my talk, and this is where people usually _____ talking about hope, solar panels, wind power, circular economy, and so on, but I'm not going to do that. We've had 30 years of pep-talking and selling ________ ideas. And I'm sorry, but it doesn't work. Because if it would have, the emissions would have gone down by now. They haven't. And yes, we do need hope, of course we do. But the one thing we need more than hope is action. Once we start to act, hope is everywhere. So instead of looking for hope, look for action. Then, and only then, hope will come. _____, we use 100 million _______ of oil every single day. There are no politics to change that. There are no rules to keep that oil in the ground. So we can't save the world by playing by the rules, because the rules have to be changed. Everything needs to change, and it has to start today. Thank you. (Applause)

Solution

  1. everyday
  2. warming
  3. areas
  4. expect
  5. impacts
  6. sixth
  7. increasing
  8. positive
  9. small
  10. spend
  11. continue
  12. unreal
  13. locked
  14. climate
  15. building
  16. barrels
  17. commitments
  18. extra
  19. burning
  20. global
  21. extinction
  22. flying
  23. syndrome
  24. generation
  25. future
  26. paper
  27. stopped
  28. hiding
  29. restrictions
  30. crisis
  31. talked
  32. consequences
  33. carry
  34. heard
  35. existence
  36. applause
  37. civilization
  38. midst
  39. basically
  40. leveled
  41. children
  42. celsius
  43. facts
  44. start
  45. change
  46. talking
  47. school
  48. times
  49. parliament
  50. society
  51. swedish
  52. today
  53. learning
  54. breaking
  55. coming

Original Text

When I was about eight years old, I first heard about something called climate change or global warming. Apparently, that was something humans have created by our way of living. I was told to turn off the lights to save energy and to recycle paper to save resources. I remember thinking that it was very strange that humans, who are an animal species among others, could be capable of changing the Earth's climate. Because if we were, and if it was really happening, we wouldn't be talking about anything else. As soon as you'd turn on the TV, everything would be about that. Headlines, radio, newspapers, you would never read or hear about anything else, as if there was a world war going on. But no one ever talked about it. If burning fossil fuels was so bad that it threatened our very existence, how could we just continue like before? Why were there no restrictions? Why wasn't it made illegal? To me, that did not add up. It was too unreal. So when I was 11, I became ill. I fell into depression, I stopped talking, and I stopped eating. In two months, I lost about 10 kilos of weight. Later on, I was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome, OCD and selective mutism. That basically means I only speak when I think it's necessary - now is one of those moments. (Applause) For those of us who are on the spectrum, almost everything is black or white. We aren't very good at lying, and we usually don't enjoy participating in this social game that the rest of you seem so fond of. (Laughter) I think in many ways that we autistic are the normal ones, and the rest of the people are pretty strange, (Laughter) especially when it comes to the sustainability crisis, where everyone keeps saying climate change is an existential threat and the most important issue of all, and yet they just carry on like before. I don't understand that, because if the emissions have to stop, then we must stop the emissions. To me that is black or white. There are no gray areas when it comes to survival. Either we go on as a civilization or we don't. We have to change. Rich countries like Sweden need to start reducing emissions by at least 15 perent every year. And that is so that we can stay below a two-degree warming target. Yet, as the IPCC have recently demonstrated, aiming instead for 1.5 degrees Celsius would significantly reduce the climate impacts. But we can only imagine what that means for reducing emissions. You would think the media and every one of our leaders would be talking about nothing else, but they never even mention it. Nor does anyone ever mention the greenhouse gases already locked in the system. Nor that air pollution is hiding a warming so that when we stop burning fossil fuels, we already have an extra level of warming perhaps as high as 0.5 to 1.1 degrees Celsius. Furthermore does hardly anyone speak about the fact that we are in the midst of the sixth mass extinction, with up to 200 species going extinct every single day, that the extinction rate today is between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than what is seen as normal. Nor does hardly anyone ever speak about the aspect of equity or climate justice, clearly stated everywhere in the Paris Agreement, which is absolutely necessary to make it work on a global scale. That means that rich countries need to get down to zero emissions within 6 to 12 years, with today's emission speed. And that is so that people in poorer countries can have a chance to heighten their standard of living by building some of the infrastructure that we have already built, such as roads, schools, hospitals, clean drinking water, electricity, and so on. Because how can we expect countries like India or Nigeria to care about the climate crisis if we who already have everything don't care even a second about it or our actual commitments to the Paris Agreement? So, why are we not reducing our emissions? Why are they in fact still increasing? Are we knowingly causing a mass extinction? Are we evil? No, of course not. People keep doing what they do because the vast majority doesn't have a clue about the actual consequences of our everyday life, and they don't know that rapid change is required. We all think we know, and we all think everybody knows, but we don't. Because how could we? If there really was a crisis, and if this crisis was caused by our emissions, you would at least see some signs. Not just flooded cities, tens of thousands of dead people, and whole nations leveled to piles of torn down buildings. You would see some restrictions. But no. And no one talks about it. There are no emergency meetings, no headlines, no breaking news. No one is acting as if we were in a crisis. Even most climate scientists or green politicians keep on flying around the world, eating meat and dairy. If I live to be 100, I will be alive in the year 2103. When you think about the future today, you don't think beyond the year 2050. By then, I will, in the best case, not even have lived half of my life. What happens next? The year 2078, I will celebrate my 75th birthday. If I have children or grandchildren, maybe they will spend that day with me. Maybe they will ask me about you, the people who were around, back in 2018. Maybe they will ask why you didn't do anything while there still was time to act. What we do or don't do right now will affect my entire life and the lives of my children and grandchildren. What we do or don't do right now, me and my generation can't undo in the future. So when school started in August of this year, I decided that this was enough. I set myself down on the ground outside the Swedish parliament. I school striked for the climate. Some people say that I should be in school instead. Some people say that I should study to become a climate scientist so that I can "solve the climate crisis." But the climate crisis has already been solved. We already have all the facts and solutions. All we have to do is to wake up and change. And why should I be studying for a future that soon will be no more when no one is doing anything whatsoever to save that future. And what is the point of learning facts in the school system when the most important facts given by the finest science of that same school system clearly means nothing to our politicians and our society. Some people say that Sweden is just a small country, and that it doesn't matter what we do, but I think that if a few children can get headlines all over the world just by not coming to school for a few weeks, imagine what we could all do together if you wanted to. (Applause) Now we're almost at the end of my talk, and this is where people usually start talking about hope, solar panels, wind power, circular economy, and so on, but I'm not going to do that. We've had 30 years of pep-talking and selling positive ideas. And I'm sorry, but it doesn't work. Because if it would have, the emissions would have gone down by now. They haven't. And yes, we do need hope, of course we do. But the one thing we need more than hope is action. Once we start to act, hope is everywhere. So instead of looking for hope, look for action. Then, and only then, hope will come. Today, we use 100 million barrels of oil every single day. There are no politics to change that. There are no rules to keep that oil in the ground. So we can't save the world by playing by the rules, because the rules have to be changed. Everything needs to change, and it has to start today. Thank you. (Applause)

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
climate crisis 3

Important Words

  1. absolutely
  2. act
  3. acting
  4. action
  5. actual
  6. add
  7. affect
  8. agreement
  9. aiming
  10. air
  11. alive
  12. animal
  13. apparently
  14. applause
  15. areas
  16. aspect
  17. asperger
  18. august
  19. autistic
  20. bad
  21. barrels
  22. basically
  23. birthday
  24. black
  25. breaking
  26. building
  27. buildings
  28. built
  29. burning
  30. called
  31. capable
  32. care
  33. carry
  34. case
  35. caused
  36. causing
  37. celebrate
  38. celsius
  39. chance
  40. change
  41. changed
  42. changing
  43. children
  44. circular
  45. cities
  46. civilization
  47. clean
  48. climate
  49. clue
  50. coming
  51. commitments
  52. consequences
  53. continue
  54. countries
  55. country
  56. created
  57. crisis
  58. dairy
  59. day
  60. dead
  61. decided
  62. degrees
  63. demonstrated
  64. depression
  65. diagnosed
  66. drinking
  67. eating
  68. economy
  69. electricity
  70. emergency
  71. emission
  72. emissions
  73. energy
  74. enjoy
  75. entire
  76. equity
  77. everyday
  78. evil
  79. existence
  80. existential
  81. expect
  82. extinct
  83. extinction
  84. extra
  85. fact
  86. facts
  87. fell
  88. finest
  89. flooded
  90. flying
  91. fond
  92. fossil
  93. fuels
  94. future
  95. game
  96. gases
  97. generation
  98. global
  99. good
  100. grandchildren
  101. gray
  102. green
  103. greenhouse
  104. ground
  105. happening
  106. headlines
  107. hear
  108. heard
  109. heighten
  110. hiding
  111. high
  112. higher
  113. hope
  114. hospitals
  115. humans
  116. ideas
  117. ill
  118. illegal
  119. imagine
  120. impacts
  121. important
  122. increasing
  123. india
  124. infrastructure
  125. ipcc
  126. issue
  127. justice
  128. kilos
  129. knowingly
  130. laughter
  131. leaders
  132. learning
  133. level
  134. leveled
  135. life
  136. lights
  137. live
  138. lived
  139. lives
  140. living
  141. locked
  142. lost
  143. lying
  144. majority
  145. mass
  146. matter
  147. means
  148. meat
  149. media
  150. meetings
  151. mention
  152. midst
  153. million
  154. moments
  155. months
  156. mutism
  157. nations
  158. news
  159. newspapers
  160. nigeria
  161. normal
  162. ocd
  163. oil
  164. panels
  165. paper
  166. paris
  167. parliament
  168. participating
  169. people
  170. perent
  171. piles
  172. playing
  173. point
  174. politicians
  175. politics
  176. pollution
  177. poorer
  178. positive
  179. power
  180. pretty
  181. radio
  182. rapid
  183. rate
  184. read
  185. recycle
  186. reduce
  187. reducing
  188. remember
  189. required
  190. resources
  191. rest
  192. restrictions
  193. rich
  194. roads
  195. rules
  196. save
  197. scale
  198. school
  199. schools
  200. science
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  205. set
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  211. social
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  214. solutions
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  217. species
  218. spectrum
  219. speed
  220. spend
  221. standard
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  224. stated
  225. stay
  226. stop
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  228. strange
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  230. study
  231. studying
  232. survival
  233. sustainability
  234. sweden
  235. swedish
  236. syndrome
  237. system
  238. talk
  239. talked
  240. talking
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  242. target
  243. tens
  244. thinking
  245. thousands
  246. threat
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  248. time
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  250. today
  251. told
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  256. undo
  257. unreal
  258. vast
  259. wake
  260. wanted
  261. war
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  263. water
  264. ways
  265. weeks
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  267. whatsoever
  268. white
  269. wind
  270. work
  271. world
  272. year
  273. years