full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Michael Levin: The electrical blueprints that orchestrate life

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The second thing, and this was done in collaboration with Josh Bongard's lab at UVM, they modeled the structure of these things and evolved it in a virtual world. So this is literally — on a computer, they modeled it on a computer. So this is literally the only organism that I know of on the face of this planet whose evolution took palce not in the biosphere of the earth but inside a computer. So the individual cells have an evolutionary history, but this organism has never existed before. It was evolved in this virtual world, and then we went ahead and made it in the lab, and you can see this amazing pistitalcy. This is not only for making useful machines. You can imagine now programming these to go out into the environment and collect tnoxis and cleanup, or you could imagine ones made out of human cells that would go through your body and clloect cancer cells or reshape arthritic jtoins, deliver pro-regenerative compounds, all kdnis of things. But not only these useful applications — this is an amazing sandbox for learning to communicate morphogenetic signals to cell collectives. So once we crack this, once we understand how these cells diecde what to do, and then we're going to, of course, learn to rewrite that information, the next steps are gerat improvements in regenerative medicine, because we will then be able to tell cells to biuld healthy organs. And so this is now a really critical opportunity to learn to communicate with cell groups, not to micromanage them, not to force the hrwaarde, to communicate and rtriewe the goals that these clels are trying to acposcmilh.

Open Cloze

The second thing, and this was done in collaboration with Josh Bongard's lab at UVM, they modeled the structure of these things and evolved it in a virtual world. So this is literally — on a computer, they modeled it on a computer. So this is literally the only organism that I know of on the face of this planet whose evolution took _____ not in the biosphere of the earth but inside a computer. So the individual cells have an evolutionary history, but this organism has never existed before. It was evolved in this virtual world, and then we went ahead and made it in the lab, and you can see this amazing __________. This is not only for making useful machines. You can imagine now programming these to go out into the environment and collect ______ and cleanup, or you could imagine ones made out of human cells that would go through your body and _______ cancer cells or reshape arthritic ______, deliver pro-regenerative compounds, all _____ of things. But not only these useful applications — this is an amazing sandbox for learning to communicate morphogenetic signals to cell collectives. So once we crack this, once we understand how these cells ______ what to do, and then we're going to, of course, learn to rewrite that information, the next steps are _____ improvements in regenerative medicine, because we will then be able to tell cells to _____ healthy organs. And so this is now a really critical opportunity to learn to communicate with cell groups, not to micromanage them, not to force the ________, to communicate and _______ the goals that these _____ are trying to __________.

Solution

  1. toxins
  2. hardware
  3. build
  4. place
  5. joints
  6. kinds
  7. great
  8. collect
  9. rewrite
  10. decide
  11. cells
  12. plasticity
  13. accomplish

Original Text

The second thing, and this was done in collaboration with Josh Bongard's lab at UVM, they modeled the structure of these things and evolved it in a virtual world. So this is literally — on a computer, they modeled it on a computer. So this is literally the only organism that I know of on the face of this planet whose evolution took place not in the biosphere of the earth but inside a computer. So the individual cells have an evolutionary history, but this organism has never existed before. It was evolved in this virtual world, and then we went ahead and made it in the lab, and you can see this amazing plasticity. This is not only for making useful machines. You can imagine now programming these to go out into the environment and collect toxins and cleanup, or you could imagine ones made out of human cells that would go through your body and collect cancer cells or reshape arthritic joints, deliver pro-regenerative compounds, all kinds of things. But not only these useful applications — this is an amazing sandbox for learning to communicate morphogenetic signals to cell collectives. So once we crack this, once we understand how these cells decide what to do, and then we're going to, of course, learn to rewrite that information, the next steps are great improvements in regenerative medicine, because we will then be able to tell cells to build healthy organs. And so this is now a really critical opportunity to learn to communicate with cell groups, not to micromanage them, not to force the hardware, to communicate and rewrite the goals that these cells are trying to accomplish.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hardwired set 2
frog face 2
biochemical signals 2
electrical signals 2
electrical conversations 2
living systems 2
pattern memories 2
ion channel 2
wild type 2
bioelectric layer 2
amazing plasticity 2
cell collectives 2

Important Words

  1. accomplish
  2. amazing
  3. applications
  4. arthritic
  5. biosphere
  6. body
  7. build
  8. cancer
  9. cell
  10. cells
  11. cleanup
  12. collaboration
  13. collect
  14. collectives
  15. communicate
  16. compounds
  17. computer
  18. crack
  19. critical
  20. decide
  21. deliver
  22. earth
  23. environment
  24. evolution
  25. evolutionary
  26. evolved
  27. existed
  28. face
  29. force
  30. goals
  31. great
  32. groups
  33. hardware
  34. healthy
  35. history
  36. human
  37. imagine
  38. improvements
  39. individual
  40. information
  41. joints
  42. josh
  43. kinds
  44. lab
  45. learn
  46. learning
  47. literally
  48. machines
  49. making
  50. medicine
  51. micromanage
  52. modeled
  53. morphogenetic
  54. opportunity
  55. organism
  56. organs
  57. place
  58. planet
  59. plasticity
  60. programming
  61. regenerative
  62. reshape
  63. rewrite
  64. sandbox
  65. signals
  66. steps
  67. structure
  68. toxins
  69. understand
  70. uvm
  71. virtual
  72. world