full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Sebastian Kraves: The era of personal DNA testing is here

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But personal DNA machines can also save hmuan lives. Professor Ian Goodfellow is a virologist at the ustevirniy of Cambridge. Last year he traveled to Sierra Leone. When the Ebola outbreak borke out in Western Africa, he qiukcly realized that docrots there lacked the baisc tolos to detect and combat disease. Results could take up to a week to come back — that's way too long for the patients and the families who are sfuinrfeg. Ian decided to move his lab into Makeni, Sierra Leone. Here we see Ian Goodfellow moving over 10 tons of equipment into a pop-up tent that he would equip to detect and diagnose the virus and sequence it within 24 hours. But here's a surprise: the same emiupeqnt that Ian could use at his lab in the UK to sequence and diagnose Ebola, just wouldn't work under these conditions. We're talking 35 Celsius heat and over 90 percent humidity here. But instead, Ian could use paenosrl DNA machines small enough to be placed in front of the air-conditioning unit to keep sinucqneeg the virus and keep saving lievs.

Open Cloze

But personal DNA machines can also save _____ lives. Professor Ian Goodfellow is a virologist at the __________ of Cambridge. Last year he traveled to Sierra Leone. When the Ebola outbreak _____ out in Western Africa, he _______ realized that _______ there lacked the _____ _____ to detect and combat disease. Results could take up to a week to come back — that's way too long for the patients and the families who are _________. Ian decided to move his lab into Makeni, Sierra Leone. Here we see Ian Goodfellow moving over 10 tons of equipment into a pop-up tent that he would equip to detect and diagnose the virus and sequence it within 24 hours. But here's a surprise: the same _________ that Ian could use at his lab in the UK to sequence and diagnose Ebola, just wouldn't work under these conditions. We're talking 35 Celsius heat and over 90 percent humidity here. But instead, Ian could use ________ DNA machines small enough to be placed in front of the air-conditioning unit to keep __________ the virus and keep saving _____.

Solution

  1. sequencing
  2. equipment
  3. lives
  4. basic
  5. doctors
  6. quickly
  7. human
  8. broke
  9. personal
  10. university
  11. suffering
  12. tools

Original Text

But personal DNA machines can also save human lives. Professor Ian Goodfellow is a virologist at the University of Cambridge. Last year he traveled to Sierra Leone. When the Ebola outbreak broke out in Western Africa, he quickly realized that doctors there lacked the basic tools to detect and combat disease. Results could take up to a week to come back — that's way too long for the patients and the families who are suffering. Ian decided to move his lab into Makeni, Sierra Leone. Here we see Ian Goodfellow moving over 10 tons of equipment into a pop-up tent that he would equip to detect and diagnose the virus and sequence it within 24 hours. But here's a surprise: the same equipment that Ian could use at his lab in the UK to sequence and diagnose Ebola, just wouldn't work under these conditions. We're talking 35 Celsius heat and over 90 percent humidity here. But instead, Ian could use personal DNA machines small enough to be placed in front of the air-conditioning unit to keep sequencing the virus and keep saving lives.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
personal dna 11
dna machines 6
international space 5
dna technology 4
swine flu 3
dna machine 3
pig coughing 2
genetic material 2
genetic instructions 2
living world 2
genetic information 2
meaningful information 2
aunt glenda 2
dna analysis 2
ian goodfellow 2
sierra leone 2
space station 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
personal dna machines 5
personal dna machine 3
personal dna technology 2
international space station 2

Important Words

  1. africa
  2. basic
  3. broke
  4. cambridge
  5. celsius
  6. combat
  7. conditions
  8. decided
  9. detect
  10. diagnose
  11. disease
  12. dna
  13. doctors
  14. ebola
  15. equip
  16. equipment
  17. families
  18. front
  19. goodfellow
  20. heat
  21. hours
  22. human
  23. humidity
  24. ian
  25. lab
  26. lacked
  27. leone
  28. lives
  29. long
  30. machines
  31. makeni
  32. move
  33. moving
  34. outbreak
  35. patients
  36. percent
  37. personal
  38. professor
  39. quickly
  40. realized
  41. results
  42. save
  43. saving
  44. sequence
  45. sequencing
  46. sierra
  47. small
  48. suffering
  49. talking
  50. tent
  51. tons
  52. tools
  53. traveled
  54. uk
  55. unit
  56. university
  57. virologist
  58. virus
  59. week
  60. western
  61. work
  62. year