full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Sherwin Nuland: The extraordinary power of ordinary people"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

Well, it reminds me a little bit of surgery. If there's one oatoripen for a disease, you know it works. If there are 15 operations, you know that none of them work. And that's the way it is with diefinnitos of words. If you have apiiindtcpes, they take your appendix out, and you're cured. If you've got reflux oesophagitis, there are 15 prucodeers, and Joe Schmo does it one way and Will Blow does it another way, and none of them work, and that's the way it is with this word, hope. They all come down to the idea of an expectation of something good that is due to happen. And you know what I found out? The Indo-European root of the word hope is a stem, K-E-U — we would spell it K-E-U; it's pronounced koy — and it is the same root from which the word curve comes from. But what it means in the original Indo-European is a cnaghe in dioircten, going in a different way.

#### Open Cloze

Well, it reminds me a little bit of surgery. If there's one _________ for a disease, you know it works. If there are 15 operations, you know that none of them work. And that's the way it is with ___________ of words. If you have ____________, they take your appendix out, and you're cured. If you've got reflux oesophagitis, there are 15 __________, and Joe Schmo does it one way and Will Blow does it another way, and none of them work, and that's the way it is with this word, hope. They all come down to the idea of an expectation of something good that is due to happen. And you know what I found out? The Indo-European root of the word hope is a stem, K-E-U — we would spell it K-E-U; it's pronounced koy — and it is the same root from which the word curve comes from. But what it means in the original Indo-European is a ______ in _________, going in a different way.

#### Solution

1. direction
2. appendicitis
3. definitions
4. operation
5. procedures
6. change

#### Original Text

Well, it reminds me a little bit of surgery. If there's one operation for a disease, you know it works. If there are 15 operations, you know that none of them work. And that's the way it is with definitions of words. If you have appendicitis, they take your appendix out, and you're cured. If you've got reflux oesophagitis, there are 15 procedures, and Joe Schmo does it one way and Will Blow does it another way, and none of them work, and that's the way it is with this word, hope. They all come down to the idea of an expectation of something good that is due to happen. And you know what I found out? The Indo-European root of the word hope is a stem, K-E-U — we would spell it K-E-U; it's pronounced koy — and it is the same root from which the word curve comes from. But what it means in the original Indo-European is a change in direction, going in a different way.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
human spirit 5
indo european 4

#### Important Words

1. appendicitis
2. appendix
3. bit
4. blow
5. change
6. cured
7. curve
8. definitions
9. direction
10. disease
11. due
12. expectation
13. good
14. happen
15. hope
16. idea
17. joe
18. koy
19. means
20. oesophagitis
21. operation
22. operations
23. original
24. procedures
25. pronounced
26. reflux
27. reminds
28. root
29. schmo
30. spell
31. stem
32. surgery
33. word
34. words
35. work
36. works