full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Joshua W. Pate: The fascinating science of phantom limbs"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But phantom limb sensations don’t necessarily dapepiasr on their own. Treatment for phantom pain usually reriueqs a combination of physical therapy, medications for pain management, prosthetics, and time. A technique called mirror box tpharey can be very helpful in developing the range of motion and reducing pain in the phantom limb. The patient places the phantom limb into a box behind a mirror and the itcant limb in front of the mirror. This trkics the brain into seeing the phantom rather than just feeling it. Scientists are developing virtual reality tmeantters that make the experience of mirror box therapy even more lifelike. Prosthetics can also create a similar effect— many patients report pain pmarrliiy when they remove their prosthetics at night. And pathnom limbs may in turn help paitntes conceptualize prtteiscohs as extensions of their bodies and manipulate them intuitively.

Open Cloze

But phantom limb sensations don’t necessarily _________ on their own. Treatment for phantom pain usually ________ a combination of physical therapy, medications for pain management, prosthetics, and time. A technique called mirror box _______ can be very helpful in developing the range of motion and reducing pain in the phantom limb. The patient places the phantom limb into a box behind a mirror and the ______ limb in front of the mirror. This ______ the brain into seeing the phantom rather than just feeling it. Scientists are developing virtual reality __________ that make the experience of mirror box therapy even more lifelike. Prosthetics can also create a similar effect— many patients report pain _________ when they remove their prosthetics at night. And _______ limbs may in turn help ________ conceptualize ___________ as extensions of their bodies and manipulate them intuitively.

Solution

  1. primarily
  2. phantom
  3. therapy
  4. intact
  5. treatments
  6. disappear
  7. prosthetics
  8. patients
  9. tricks
  10. requires

Original Text

But phantom limb sensations don’t necessarily disappear on their own. Treatment for phantom pain usually requires a combination of physical therapy, medications for pain management, prosthetics, and time. A technique called mirror box therapy can be very helpful in developing the range of motion and reducing pain in the phantom limb. The patient places the phantom limb into a box behind a mirror and the intact limb in front of the mirror. This tricks the brain into seeing the phantom rather than just feeling it. Scientists are developing virtual reality treatments that make the experience of mirror box therapy even more lifelike. Prosthetics can also create a similar effect— many patients report pain primarily when they remove their prosthetics at night. And phantom limbs may in turn help patients conceptualize prosthetics as extensions of their bodies and manipulate them intuitively.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
phantom limb 5
phantom limbs 4
spinal cord 3
phantom pain 3
body part 3

Important Words

  1. bodies
  2. box
  3. brain
  4. called
  5. combination
  6. conceptualize
  7. create
  8. developing
  9. disappear
  10. experience
  11. extensions
  12. feeling
  13. front
  14. helpful
  15. intact
  16. intuitively
  17. lifelike
  18. limb
  19. limbs
  20. management
  21. manipulate
  22. medications
  23. mirror
  24. motion
  25. necessarily
  26. night
  27. pain
  28. patient
  29. patients
  30. phantom
  31. physical
  32. places
  33. primarily
  34. prosthetics
  35. range
  36. reality
  37. reducing
  38. remove
  39. report
  40. requires
  41. scientists
  42. sensations
  43. similar
  44. technique
  45. therapy
  46. time
  47. treatment
  48. treatments
  49. tricks
  50. turn
  51. virtual