full transcript

From the Ted Talk by R.A. Mashelkar: Breakthrough designs for ultra-low-cost products

Unscramble the Blue Letters

RAM: I'll tell you a story that dorve me, that troeasmfrnd my life. I remember, I went to a poor school, because my mother could not gather the 21 rueeps, that half a dollar that was required within the stipulated time. It was [unclear] high school. But it was a poor school with rich teachers, honestly. And one of them was [uelcanr] who taught us physics. One day he took us out into the sun and tried to show us how to find the focal lgtenh of a convex lens. The lens was here. The pceie of paper was there. He moved it up and down. And there was a bright spot up there. And then he said, "This is the focal length." But then he held it for a little while, Lakshmi. And then the paper bunred. When the paper burned, for some reason he turned to me, and he said, "Mashelkar, like this, if you do not diffuse your energies, if you focus your energies, you can achieve anything in the world." That gave me a great message: fcous and you can aeivhce. I said, "Whoa, science is so wonderful, I have to become a scientist." But more importantly, focus and you can achieve. And that message, very frankly, is vlalbuae for society today.

Open Cloze

RAM: I'll tell you a story that _____ me, that ___________ my life. I remember, I went to a poor school, because my mother could not gather the 21 ______, that half a dollar that was required within the stipulated time. It was [unclear] high school. But it was a poor school with rich teachers, honestly. And one of them was [_______] who taught us physics. One day he took us out into the sun and tried to show us how to find the focal ______ of a convex lens. The lens was here. The _____ of paper was there. He moved it up and down. And there was a bright spot up there. And then he said, "This is the focal length." But then he held it for a little while, Lakshmi. And then the paper ______. When the paper burned, for some reason he turned to me, and he said, "Mashelkar, like this, if you do not diffuse your energies, if you focus your energies, you can achieve anything in the world." That gave me a great message: _____ and you can _______. I said, "Whoa, science is so wonderful, I have to become a scientist." But more importantly, focus and you can achieve. And that message, very frankly, is ________ for society today.

Solution

  1. piece
  2. valuable
  3. transformed
  4. length
  5. unclear
  6. rupees
  7. achieve
  8. drove
  9. focus
  10. burned

Original Text

RAM: I'll tell you a story that drove me, that transformed my life. I remember, I went to a poor school, because my mother could not gather the 21 rupees, that half a dollar that was required within the stipulated time. It was [unclear] high school. But it was a poor school with rich teachers, honestly. And one of them was [unclear] who taught us physics. One day he took us out into the sun and tried to show us how to find the focal length of a convex lens. The lens was here. The piece of paper was there. He moved it up and down. And there was a bright spot up there. And then he said, "This is the focal length." But then he held it for a little while, Lakshmi. And then the paper burned. When the paper burned, for some reason he turned to me, and he said, "Mashelkar, like this, if you do not diffuse your energies, if you focus your energies, you can achieve anything in the world." That gave me a great message: focus and you can achieve. I said, "Whoa, science is so wonderful, I have to become a scientist." But more importantly, focus and you can achieve. And that message, very frankly, is valuable for society today.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
gandhian engineering 4
convex lens 4
million dollars 3
billion people 2
ratan tata 2
ample space 2
artificial foot 2
future generations 2
extreme affordability 2
focal length 2
lens leadership 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
convex lens leadership 2

Important Words

  1. achieve
  2. bright
  3. burned
  4. convex
  5. day
  6. diffuse
  7. dollar
  8. drove
  9. energies
  10. find
  11. focal
  12. focus
  13. frankly
  14. gather
  15. gave
  16. great
  17. held
  18. high
  19. honestly
  20. importantly
  21. lakshmi
  22. length
  23. lens
  24. life
  25. message
  26. mother
  27. moved
  28. paper
  29. physics
  30. piece
  31. poor
  32. reason
  33. remember
  34. required
  35. rich
  36. rupees
  37. school
  38. science
  39. scientist
  40. show
  41. society
  42. spot
  43. stipulated
  44. story
  45. sun
  46. taught
  47. teachers
  48. time
  49. today
  50. transformed
  51. turned
  52. unclear
  53. valuable
  54. wonderful
  55. world